Animal Research at Nottingham


Which species of animal are housed in the laboratory facilities at Nottingham?
In common with many UK animal facilities, the University of Nottingham holds mice, rats, rabbits, guinea-pigs, hamsters and ferrets. In addition zebra-fish, sticklebacks and amphibians are also held. Cattle, sheep, pigs and fowl are used in agricultural and veterinary research.
Which areas of research at the University of Nottingham involve the use of animals?

Research involving animals is vital to the continued advancement of medical, veterinary and scientific knowledge in a wide range of disciplines. These include: cancer research, diseases associated with ageing, infection and immunity, obesity, diabetes, veterinary and agricultural research.

Do you test cosmetics and/or household products on animals?
No cosmetic or safety testing is undertaken at the University of Nottingham. Cosmetic testing is not allowed in the UK.
Why do you have to use animals? What about alternative methods?

The University of Nottingham is committed to the 3R's - Reduction, Refinement and Replacement. The University applies these principles wherever possible when conducting research involving animals. We will use alternative technologies wherever feasible. In some cases these methods replace the need for animals, in other cases the non-animal methods complement and reduce the need for subsequent animal studies.

The University of Nottingham has close links with FRAME (Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments). The FRAME Alternatives Laboratory,  based at the University of Nottingham, allows scientists to develop alternative methods using human tissue.

However, despite significant advances in technology there is still a need for research involving animals to take place. The research undertaken at the University of Nottingham includes the study of diseases and biological processes. Such studies require the use of animals that have the same complex biological systems as humans which cannot be replicated using current technology.

How are the animals housed?
The University of Nottingham ensures that all animals are kept in the best possible environment to ensure their health and wellbeing.  They are typically housed in cages or pens filled with bedding and nesting materials and additional play items to prevent boredom. The cages are cleaned and changed frequently to maintain a healthy living environment for the animals. Animals are usually housed in groups to allow for normal social interaction and are handled frequently by staff. This ensures they are used to people, making it easier for staff to check they are in good health.
How many animals are used in procedures by the University of Nottingham each year?
Number of Animals Used in Procedures at the University of Nottingham
 Species2014  20152016
 Mouse 17550 15631 13275
 Rat 5266  9359 7310
 Guinea Pig 40 59 75
 Syrian Hamster 0 32  16
 Other Rodent 40 106  148
 Rabbit 88 19  124
 Ferret 11 4
 Pig 78 54  44
 Sheep 592 388  456
 Cattle 437  80 20
 Domestic Fowl 141 851  387
 Zebra Fish 2691 4863  3509
 Other Fish 536 84  80
Xenopus 0 0 1
What were the reported severity limits (by species) of the procedures carried out by the University of Nottingham in 2016
Severity of procedures by Species 2016
 SpeciesSub-ThresholdNon-RecoveryMild Moderate Severe
 Mouse 3900 5 5488 3759 123
 Rat 0 213 4932 2527 8
 Guinea Pig 0 13 36 25 1
 Hamster - Syrian 0 0 0 16 0
 Other Rodent 58 0 43 47 0
 Rabbit 0 0 10 114 0
 Ferret 0 0 0 4 0
 Pig 0 0 38 6 0
 Sheep 0 0 67 389 0
 Cattle 0 0 45 0 0
 Domestic Fowl 0 0 387 0 0
 Xenopus 0 0 1 0 0
 Zebra Fish 3457 0 52 0 0
 Other Fish 0 0 0 80 0



University Park