The Transition to Late Antiquity
Combined large-scale excavations and innovative intensive field survey, northern Bulgaria
The aim of this programme is to explain the dramatic physical and economic changes identified during the excavations at Nicopolis.
Two methods were employed. Excavations on the site of the late Roman fortress at Dichin in central Bulgaria represented the largest British excavation ever organized from Britain, including up to 25 professional field officers, 20 specialists and 150 students and postgraduates from UK and other European universities.
The results provide a unique insight into the military organization and economy on the Lower Danube in the 5th to 6th centuries AD. The other related programme required the development of a new type of site-specific survey which provided a dramatic insight into the collapse of the Roman economy in the north Bulgarian Plain during the late 4th century AD.
'L'avenir du passé: Recherches sur la transition entre la période Romaine et le monde protobyzantin dans la région du Bas-Danube, Antiquité Tardive, 6, 329-343.
'The Transition to Late Antiquity on the Lower Danube; an interim report (1996-8)', Antiquaries Journal 79 (1999), 145-185.
'The Roman to Byzantine transition in the Balkans: preliminary results on Nicopolis and its hinterland,' The Journal of Roman Archaeology, 1999, 347 - 358.
'Cataclysm on the lower Danube: the destruction of a complex Roman landscape', Landscapes of Change: rural evolutions in Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages, ed. N. Christie, Ashgate, 2003, 223-253.