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Image of Salvatore Garfi

Salvatore Garfi

Leverhulme Research Fellow, Faculty of Arts

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Biography

I have been a field archaeologist since 1974, and I have worked in a variety of regions and countries from Northern Europe to the Sahara, and from the Horn of Arabia to Spain. I received my PhD from the University of East Anglia, and joined SPLAS as a Leverhulme Postdoctoral Fellow in September 2015.

Expertise Summary

The archaeology of modern conflict.

Landscape archaeology.

The archaeology of the contemporary past.

Specific topics include:

  • The archaeology of colonialism and conflict in Western (formerly Spanish) Sahara.
  • The application of landscape archaeology to the study of the Spanish Civil War.
  • The materiality of war for the volunteers of the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War.

Research Summary

My present research project is an archaeological study of the conflict landscapes encountered by the volunteers of the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War (SCW). A great deal is known… read more

Selected Publications

  • WITH P. RODRÍGUEZ SIMÓN, A. GONZÁLEZ-RUIBAL, A. FRANCO, C. MARÍN AND X. AYÁN, 2015. ‘Arqueología de la Batalla de Belchite: resultados de la primera campaña de excavaciones (2014)’ Munibe: Antropologia-Arkeologia. 66, (In Press.)
  • ‘Forts, Firebases and Art: the contested landscape of Africa’s last colony – Western Sahara’. In: SAUNDERS, NICHOLAS J AND PAUL CORNISH, ed., Conflict Landscapes: Materiality and Meaning in Contested Places (In Press.)
  • ‘Fugitives, Journos and Artists in the Contested Landscape of Western Sahara’. In: SAUNDERS, NICHOLAS J AND PAUL CORNISH, ed., Conflict and the Senses: Materialities and Cultural Memory of 20th Century Conflict (In Press.)
  • WITH N. BROOKS, J. CLARKE & A. PIRIE, 2009. ‘The Archaeology of Western Sahara: Results of Environmental and Archaeological Reconnaissance in the “Free Zone”’ Antiquity. 83, 918-934

Current Research

My present research project is an archaeological study of the conflict landscapes encountered by the volunteers of the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War (SCW). A great deal is known about the Brigades in terms of inter-world war geopolitics, their history and makeup. But little is known about the materiality of the landscapes in which they lived, fought, and died. My project aims to redress this by drawing upon the techniques and methods of landscape archaeology (including a phenomenological approach) to construct a unique and holistic vision of specific Spanish war-scapes that will be contextualized within the growing field of modern (20th century) conflict archaeology.

Past Research

My PhD (UEA 2015) examined the Western Sahara landscape through the prism of colonialism, conflict, and exclusion. It explored, through landscape archaeology, how the former Spanish colony was occupied by Morocco, and then partitioned by approximately 4000 kilometres of earthen walls. At the regional level, it examined and charted how a specific location - the village of Tifariti - was occupied by the Spanish, and then turned into a fortified settlement by the occupying Moroccan army, and subsequently sieged by the Western Saharan guerillas of the Polisario Front. Lastly, it explored how the Saharawi people have attempted to reoccupy Tifariti after the cease-fire of 1991, and how foreign artists have helped in that reoccupation through a desert art festival held in the settlement.

  • WITH P. RODRÍGUEZ SIMÓN, A. GONZÁLEZ-RUIBAL, A. FRANCO, C. MARÍN AND X. AYÁN, 2015. ‘Arqueología de la Batalla de Belchite: resultados de la primera campaña de excavaciones (2014)’ Munibe: Antropologia-Arkeologia. 66, (In Press.)
  • WITH N. BROOKS, J. CLARKE & A. PIRIE, 2009. ‘The Archaeology of Western Sahara: Results of Environmental and Archaeological Reconnaissance in the “Free Zone”’ Antiquity. 83, 918-934
  • WITH G LONGDEN, 2001. ‘An archaeological and architectural evaluation of a fort at Qurayyah, Emirate of Fujairah’ Tribulus (Bulletin of the Emirates Natural History Group). 11.2, 23-27
  • WITH G LONGDEN, 2000. ‘An archaeological and architectural evaluation of a fort in the Wadi Safad, Emirate of Fujairah’ Tribulus (Bulletin of the Emirates Natural History Group). 10.1, 5-7
  • 1997. 'Historical Photographs and an Archaeology of the Traditional Architecture of Abu Dhabi and Dubai' Foundation Max Van Berchem Bulletin. 11, 6-8
  • 1996. 'Excavations on Balghelam Island - a preliminary report’ Tribulus (Bulletin of the Emirates Natural History Group). 6.2, 5-10
  • 1995. Tenby Town Walls: an archaeological recording project, in three parts: prepared in conjunction with Peter Holden Chartered Architects, Pembroke. Report for Cadw and South Pembrokeshire District Council.
  • WITH GRD KING ET AL, 1995. 'A Report on the Abu Dhabi Islands Archaeological Survey (1993-4)' Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies. 63-74
  • 1994. 'The Hertford Burghs: A Survey of the Evidence'. In: R. KILN AND C. PARTRIDGE, ed., Ware and Hertford: from birth to middle age 115-127
  • WITH B.J. KEMP, 1993. A Survey of the Ancient Egyptian City of el Amarna Egypt Exploration Society.
  • WITH E.C. HILL, P. ELLIS AND J. MALONEY, 1980. 'The Excavations'. In: E.C. HILL ET AL, ed., The Roman Riverside Wall and Monumental Arch in London London and Middlesex Archaeological Society. 27-52
  • ‘Forts, Firebases and Art: the contested landscape of Africa’s last colony – Western Sahara’. In: SAUNDERS, NICHOLAS J AND PAUL CORNISH, ed., Conflict Landscapes: Materiality and Meaning in Contested Places (In Press.)
  • ‘Fugitives, Journos and Artists in the Contested Landscape of Western Sahara’. In: SAUNDERS, NICHOLAS J AND PAUL CORNISH, ed., Conflict and the Senses: Materialities and Cultural Memory of 20th Century Conflict (In Press.)
  • Chapter 5, ‘The Intensive Survey’, and (with N. Brooks and Y. Gauthier) Chapter 3, ‘Typology of Stone Features’. In: CLARKE, J. AND N. BROOKS, ed., The Prehistory of Western Sahara: A Synthesis of Fieldwork, 2002 to 2009 Oxbow Books. (In Press.)

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