Specific strategies to help students avoid plagiarism
Carroll and Appleton (2001) at Oxford Brookes University have provided a thorough guidebook on good practise for preventing plagiarism. In summary, she suggests four key activities for prevention:
- Making it difficult to meet the assessment requirement by using something that already exists.
- Tracking/valuing the student’s process when producing the artifact
- Using a design strategy where cheating on one aspect means losing out on the next
- Planning in authentication exercises
Robert Harris (2004) provides some useful approaches to a strategy of prevention of plagiarism
- Make the assignment clear.
- Provide a list of specific topics and require students to choose one of them.
- Require specific components in the paper.
- Require process steps for the paper
- Require oral reports of student papers.
- Have students include an annotated bibliography.
- Require most references to be up-to-date.
- Require a metalearning essay.
Free websites for detection of plagiarism (sometimes useful to direct students to these) are listed at 'Plagiarism Stoppers'.