China Policy Institute

China Policy Institute

The China Policy Institute (CPI) is a major centre of expertise on contemporary China and is explicitly outward-facing, drawing on a network of internal and non-resident senior fellows to engage with a range of stakeholders in government, business, civil society and the media.

Our network of academic China specialists facilitates evidence-based policy and decision-making through a program of engagements and dialogues.

China Policy Institute

CPI: Analysis

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Written by Yingchun Ji and Shuangshuang Yang.

Since 1 January 2016, all married couples in China have been allowed to have two children, marking the end of China's one-child policy after 35 years. The new policy is widely regarded as a countermeasure to cope with low fertility rates and the country's rapidly aging population, but it is highly uncertain whether it will, in fact, positively affect China's fertility rate. While in 2016, there were 1.31 million more births than the previous year in part on account of the relaxation of the one-child policy, this figure is much lower than the commonly predicted two to five million additional births expected. It has also been suggested that the increase in births may be on account of the auspicious Shengxiao year of the Monkey in 2016 and the less favorable year of Sheep in 2015.

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Written by Panagiotis Kotzathanasis.

In an article published by the South China Morning Post in February 2016, Vivienne Chow highlighted the problems Hong Kong cinema is facing at the moment. The rise of the mainland Chinese film market has drawn funds and filmmakers from Hong Kong (Tsui Hark and David Chow for example) to the point that the local industry produced a meagre 59 films in 2015.

This number pales in comparison with the 300 per year that was the norm in the 90s. At the same time, superstars of the past, like Chow Yun-fat, Tony Leung Chiu-wai and Maggie Cheung Man-yuk have not yet found their contemporaries.

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Written by Cindy Fan.

Patrilocal exogamy refers to the new wife leaving her natal family and moving to join the husband's family. In short, Chinese women 'marry out.' This practice is rooted in the age-old patrilineal tradition where the family's name is passed down through boys and not girls, as well as the Confucian ideology which dictates women's position in the family. Having only girls and no sons disrupts lineage and is often considered a disappointment and embarrassment to the family. And, in a society that was heavily agrarian until recent years, raising a daughter is seen as benefiting the husband's family – who will gain her labor – at the expense of the natal family.

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Written by Richard Selwyn.

Centred around the narrator's obstetrician paternal aunt, Mo Yan’s 2009 novel Frog depicts China's reversals in family planning policy since the 1960s. Throughout this period of dramatic change, it is the characters' unwavering attitudes to gender which serve as the novel's constant. Each tragedy which befalls the central cast of characters has son-preference at its heart. In so doing, Mo Yan's novel shows us the rigidity of these values, the inability of China's central government to fundamentally reform China's patriarchy.

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The institute is part of the University's Governance and Public Policy Research Priority Area.



China Policy Institute

Institute of Asia and Pacific Studies
University of Nottingham
University Park
Nottingham, NG7 2RD

+44 (0)115 846 8462