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Sandesh Sivakumaran

Professor of Public International Law, Faculty of Social Sciences

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Biography

Sandesh Sivakumaran is Professor of Public International Law. He is also a non-resident research fellow at the United States Naval War College Stockton Center for International Law and a member of the advisory board of Geneva Call. His research interests are in the area of general public international law, particularly international human rights, international humanitarian law and international criminal law. He is the author of The Law of Non-International Armed Conflict (Oxford University Press, 2012) and co-editor of International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press, 2 ed, 2013). He is a member of the board of editors of the Journal of International Criminal Justice and the Human Rights Law Review. His work has been awarded the International Committee of the Red Cross Paul Reuter Prize, the American Society of International Law Francis Lieber Prize, the Journal of International Criminal Justice Giorgio La Pira and Antonio Cassese prizes and cited inter alia by the UK and Israeli Supreme Courts.

Sandesh advises and acts as expert for a range of states, international organizations and non-governmental organizations. He has served as international legal advisor to the Appeals Chamber of the Special Court for Sierra Leone and advised on international law aspects of peace processes. He is a member of the International Law Association Committee on International Human Rights Law and Practice, regularly trains diplomats and members of the armed forces on international law and the law of war, and is a member of the Bar of the State of New York.

Prior to entering academia, Sandesh's professional experience included: Fellow, previously Research Fellow, at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge; Fellow of the International Bar Association and Associate Legal Officer to Judge Mohamed Shahabuddeen at the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda; Law Clerk to Judges Dame Rosalyn Higgins and Peter Tomka at the International Court of Justice; and Intern for former President of Ireland and UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Mary Robinson, at Realizing Rights: the Ethical Globalization Initiative.

Selected Publications

PhD supervision

I am interested in supervising students who want to work on the following areas:

  • Public International Law
  • International Humanitarian Law
  • International Human Rights Law
  • International Criminal Law

Current PhD Students:

  • Shucksmith, Christy: An Analysis of the Legal and Practical Relationship between UN Operations and NGOs Operating in the Field of Peace and Security, Does the Role of Non-state Actors Challenge the State Paradigm of International Law?
  • Tsai, Pei-Lun: The Application of International Human Rights Law to Unrecognised Entities: The Case of Taiwan
  • Zamani, Masoud: When is the Use of Administrative Detention Justified in the Context of Counter-terrorism Measures?

Recent PhD Students:

  • Frisso, Giovanna: The Participation of Victims in International Criminal Trials
  • Kalpouzos, Ioannis: The Applicability of the Jus in Bello to Conflicts Involving Non-state Armed Groups
  • Rachovitsa, Adamantia: Fragmentation or Unity of International Law Revisited: Analyzing the European Convention on Human Rights when the European Court takes Cognizance of Public International Law Norms
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2013. Implementing Humanitarian Norms through Non-State Armed Groups. In: KRIEGER, H, ed., Enforcing International Humanitarian Law in Contemporary African Conflicts Cambridge University Press.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2013. Command Responsibility in the Sierra Leonean Conflict. In: JALLOH, CC, ed., The Sierra Leone Special Court and its Legacy Cambridge University Press.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2013. The Addressees of Common Article 3. In: CLAPHAM, A, GAETA, P and SASSOLI, M, eds., Commentary on the Geneva Conventions of 1949 Oxford University Press.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2012. How to Improve upon the Faulty Legal Regime of Internal Armed Conflicts. In: CASSESE, A, ed., Realizing Utopia: The Future of International Law Oxford University Press. 525-538
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2012. The Ownership of International Humanitarian Law: Non-State Armed Groups and the Formation and Enforcement of IHL Rules. In: PERRIN, B, ed., Modern Warfare: Armed Groups, Private Militaries, Humanitarian Organizations, and the Law University of British Columbia Press. 87-101
  • ROBERTS, A.E. and SIVAKUMARAN, S., 2012. Lawmaking by nonstate actors: engaging armed groups in the creation of international humanitarian law Yale Journal of International Law. 37(1), 107-152
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S., 2012. The law of non-international armed conflict Oxford University Press.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2012. Superior Responsibility in Irregular Groups Journal of International Criminal Justice. 10, 1129-1150
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2012. Prosecuting Sexual Violence Against Men. In: DE BROUWER, A-M, ROMKINS, R, KU, C and VAN DEN HERIK, L, eds., Prosecuting Sexual Violence as an International Crime: Interdisciplinary Approaches Intersentia.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Implementation and Enforcement of International Humanitarian Law In: Harvard Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Re-Thinking the Law of Internal Armed Conflict In: Monash Law School.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Defining Armed Conflict and Civilians in International Criminal Law In: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees/International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Expert Meeting on Complementarities between International Refugee Law, International Criminal Law, and International Human Rights Law.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Prosecuting Sexual Violence against Men. In: DE BROUWER, A-M, ROMKINS, R, KU, C and VAN DEN HERIK, L, eds., Prosecuting Sexual Violence as an International Crime: Interdisciplinary Approaches Intersentia (forthcoming). (In Press.)
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Implementing Humanitarian Norms and Standards through Non-State Actors. In: KRIEGE, H, ed., Enforcing International Humanitarian Law in Contemporary African Conflicts (In Press.)
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Re-Thinking the Law of Internal Armed Conflict In: Melbourne Law School.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Re-envisaging the International Law of Internal Armed Conflict: A Reply to Gabriella Blum European Journal of International Law. 22, 273-275
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Commitments of Non-State Armed Groups and Internally Displaced Persons In: Norwegian Refugee Council Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre and Geneva Call, Armed Non-State Actors and Internally Displaced Persons, Expert Meetings.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Implementing Humanitarian Norms and Standards through Non-State Actors In: Enforcing International Humanitarian Law in Contemporary African Conflicts, Freie Universitat Berlin.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Non-International Armed Conflicts: Sierra Leone and Sri Lanka In: University of British Columbia Faculty of Law.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2011. Re-Thinking the Law of Internal Armed Conflict In: Sydney Law School.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S., 2011. Re-envisaging the international law of internal armed conflict European Journal of International Law. 22(1), 219-264
  • MOECKLI, D, SHAH, S and SIVAKUMARAN, S, eds., 2010. International Human Rights Law Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. Sources of Law and Internal Armed Conflict In: University of Nottingham School of Law Staff Seminar.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. Reasons for Lack of Ownership In: Promoting Ownership of Humanitarian Norms by Armed Non-State Actors, Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. Lost in Translation: UN Responses to Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Situations of Armed Conflict International Review of the Red Cross. 92, 259-277
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. International Human Rights Law Obligations of Non-State Armed Groups In: Harvard University Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research. (In Press.)
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. International Humanitarian Law. In: MOECKLI, D, SHAH, S and SIVAKUMARAN, S, eds., International Human Rights Law Oxford University Press. 521-539
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. The International Court of Justice and Human Rights. In: JOSEPH, S and MCBETH, A, eds., Research Handbook on International Human Rights Law Edward Elgar. 299-325
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. Accountability in Internal Armed Conflicts: Courts of Non-State Armed Groups In: University of Sheffield Law School, Centre for Law in its International Context Seminar.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. Non-International Armed Conflicts: Comments In: Just and Unjust Wars Conference, New York University School of Law.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. Security Council Resolutions 1325, 1820, 1888 and Sexual Violence against Men and Boys In: Coping with Crises, Ending Armed Conflict, Strategies of Men and Women, Heinrich Böll Foundation.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. Re-thinking the Law of Internal Armed Conflict In: Public International Law Discussion Group, University of Oxford.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2010. Sources of Law, Non-State Armed Groups, and Internal Armed Conflict In: University College London/International Law Association (British Branch) Regional Seminar Series.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2009. Identifying an Armed Conflict Not of an International Character. In: GORAN SLUITER and CARSTEN STAHN, eds., The Emerging Practice of the International Criminal Court Martinus Nijhoff. 363-380
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S., 2009. Courts of armed opposition groups: fair trials or summary justice? Journal of International Criminal Justice. 7(3), 489-513
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2009. The Impact of International Human Rights Law on the Structure of International Obligations. In: MENNO KAMMINGA and MARTIN SCHEININ, eds., The Impact of International Human Rights Law on General International Law Oxford University Press. 133-150
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2009. The Ownership of International Humanitarian Law: Non-State Armed Groups and the Formation and Enforcement of the Rules In: On the Edges of Conflict, University of British Columbia-Canadian Red Cross, Vancouver, March 2009.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2008. The Distinction between Combatants and Non-Combatants In: Foreign and Commonwealth Office Academic Workshop, British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London, November 2008.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2008. Sexual Violence against Men in Armed Conflict In: Birmingham Law School Staff Seminar, Birmingham, November 2008.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2008. Male/Male Rape In: Why men rape: the use of sexual violence in conflict, United Nations - Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Seminar Series, United Nations, New York, June 2008. (In Press.)
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2008. Book Review: Law, War and Crime (Gerry Simpson) Modern Law Review. 71, 490-492
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S AND VILLALPANDO, S, 2008. Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v Serbia and Montenegro): An Introduction Leiden Journal of International Law. 21(1), 63-64
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2008. Sexual Violence Against Men in Time of Armed Conflict In: Use of Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict, United Nations-Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Research Meeting, United Nations, New York, June 2008. (In Press.)
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S., 2007. Sexual violence against men in armed conflict European Journal of International Law. 18(2), 253-276
  • SANDESH SIVAKUMARAN (WITH ADAM JONES), 2007. Sexual Violence against Males: a Genocidal Strategy? In: Biennial Meeting of the International Association of Genocide Scholars, Sarajevo, July 2007.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S., 2006. Binding armed opposition groups International and Comparative Law Quarterly. 55(2), 369-394
  • SANDESH SIVAKUMARAN, 2006. Binding Armed Opposition Groups by the Rules Governing Internal Armed Conflicts In: Visting Fellow Presentations.
  • SIVAKUMARAN, S, 2006. Book Review: The Development of Human Rights Law by the Judges of the International Court of Justice (Shiv R S Bedi) Australian Yearbook of International Law. 26, 207-209 (In Press.)
  • SANDESH SIVAKUMARAN, 2005. Torture in International Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law: the Actor and the Ad Hoc Tribunals Leiden Journal of International Law. 18(3), 541-556
  • SANDESH SIVAKUMARAN, 2005. Male/Male Rape and the 'Taint' of Homosexuality Human Rights Quarterly. 27(4), 1274-1306
  • SANDESH SIVAKUMARAN, 2004. The Rights of Migrant Workers One Year On: Transformation or Consolidation? Georgetown Journal of International Law. 36(1), 113-153

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