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Sarah Dromgoole

Professor of Maritime Law, FSA, Faculty of Social Sciences

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Biography

Sarah Dromgoole studied Law as an undergraduate at the University of Southampton. After graduating, she worked as a Research Assistant at the Institute of Maritime Law, University of Southampton, and then briefly as a lecturer at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary College, University of London. Thereafter, she took up a lectureship at the University of Leicester. During her early years at Leicester she worked part-time on a PhD, which was awarded in 1993 (by the University of Southampton). She was promoted to Senior Lecturer and then to Reader, before taking up a Chair in Maritime Law at the University of Nottingham. Sarah is a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London and of the Higher Education Academy.

Expertise Summary

Sarah's research focuses primarily on the legal protection of the underwater cultural heritage, as well as the law relating to shipwrecks more generally. She has published extensively in this field, on domestic, comparative and international law aspects (see Publications List), and her work has been widely cited. Of particular note are her edited collections of national perspectives on the underwater cultural heritage, published in 1999 and 2006, and her monograph on Underwater Cultural Heritage and International Law (Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law series, Cambridge University Press, 2013), now available in paperback. The monograph was completed with the aid of a Leverhulme Research Fellowship.

Sarah is a member of the Joint Nautical Archaeology Policy Committee, which brings together governmental and non-governmental bodies with a role in the management of the UK's underwater cultural heritage. Her work with this committee over many years has enabled her to have direct engagement with the process of law and policy reform at national and international levels.

Sarah is also a member of Historic England's Expert Advisory Group, as well as its Historic Wrecks Panel; the Honor Frost Foundation Steering Committee on Underwater Cultural Heritage; and the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, a leading journal on international law of the sea.

Sarah is currently engaged in a number of research projects, including a co-authored book (with C. Forrest, University of Queensland) relating to the effective legal governance of the sunken legacy of World War I (to be published by Edward Elgar).

Within the School, Sarah runs an undergraduate module on International Trade Law, as well as Masters modules on International Carriage of Goods by Sea and International Law of the Sea. She is a member of the School's Research Committee and coordinator of its Research Funding Mentoring Group. She is also a member of the School's Postgraduate Degrees Committee and has responsibility for postgraduate assessment matters.

If you are interested in doing a PhD under Sarah's supervision, please click on the PhD supervision tab above.

Research Summary

See above.

Selected Publications

  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2013. Underwater cultural heritage and international law Cambridge University Press.
  • DROMGOOLE S., 2016. The Legal Regime of Wrecks of Warships and Other State-Owned Ships in International Law: The 2015 Resolution of the Institut de droit international Italian Yearbook of International Law. XXV, 181-200 (In Press.)
  • DROMGOOLE, S. and FORREST, C., 2011. The Nairobi Wreck Removal Convention 2007 and hazardous historic shipwrecks Lloyd's Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly. 2011(1), 92-122
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2010. Revisiting the relationship between marine scientific research and the underwater cultural heritage The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. 25(1), 33-61

PhD Supervision

Sarah is an experienced PhD supervisor and examiner. She is currently particularly interested to receive informal enquiries, or applications, from students interested in studying for a PhD in the following areas:

  • Underwater cultural heritage law generally (any aspect at all, including projects with an interdisciplinary element, or policy related).
  • Status of, and protection for, maritime grave-sites; treatment of human remains found at sea
  • Legalities surrounding sunken warships
  • Commercial exploitation/salvage of shipwrecks
  • International law of the sea (especially issues relating to the status and future of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea or topics that will allow for an exploration of some of the challenges now faced by that treaty regime)
  • Projects related to the following notions: common spaces; common heritage; shared heritage
  • Projects related to the coastal environment; marine development activities; marine protected areas
  • Maritime legal history

Sarah is also prepared to consider applications from students with interesting research proposals relating to:

  • Any aspect of cultural heritage law
  • Private law aspects of international trade

For information regarding scholarship opportunities, see the School of Law's Research Degree webpages and also the University's International Office webpages.

  • DROMGOOLE S., 2016. Continental Shelf Archaeology and International Law. In: T. MAARLEVELD, ed., Offshore Industry and Archaeology: A Creative Relationship Sidestone Press, Leiden. (In Press.)
  • DROMGOOLE S., 2016. The Legal Regime of Wrecks of Warships and Other State-Owned Ships in International Law: The 2015 Resolution of the Institut de droit international Italian Yearbook of International Law. XXV, 181-200 (In Press.)
  • DROMGOOLE S., 2015. 2001 UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage. In: A. CONNOLLY, ed., Cultural Heritage Rights Ashgate.
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2013. Underwater cultural heritage and international law Cambridge University Press.
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2012. Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (2001). In: SMITH, C., ed., Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology Springer. (In Press.)
  • DROMGOOLE, S. and FORREST, C., 2011. The Nairobi Wreck Removal Convention 2007 and hazardous historic shipwrecks Lloyd's Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly. 2011(1), 92-122
  • DROMGOOLE S., 2011. Why the UK Should Reconsider the UNESCO Convention 2001. In: Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage in International Waters Adjacent to the UK: Proceedings of the JNAPC 21st Anniversary Seminar, Burlington House, November 2010 Nautical Archaeology Society. 23-29
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2010. Revisiting the relationship between marine scientific research and the underwater cultural heritage The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. 25(1), 33-61
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2007. The Marine Historic Environment: Two White Papers and a Black Swan International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. 22(4), 621-631
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2007. Cooperative Approaches to Protecting Underwater Cultural Heritage: Emerging Themes and Trends. In: MASTONE, V., ed., ACUA Underwater Archaeology Proceedings 2007 PAST Foundation. 57-62
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2007. The Legal Framework for the Management of the Underwater Cultural Heritage beyond Traditional Territorial Limits: Recent Developments and Future Prospects. In: SATCHELL, J. and PALMA, P., eds., Managing the Marine Cultural Heritage: Defining, Accessing and Managing the Resource Council for British Archaeology. 33-39
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2006. The international agreement for the protection of the Titanic: problems and prospects Ocean Development and International Law. 37(1), 1-31
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2006. United Kingdom. In: DROMGOOLE, S., ed., The protection of the underwater cultural heritage: national perspectives in light of the UNESCO Convention 2001 2nd ed. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff. 313-348
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2006. Legal Protection for the Underwater Cultural Heritage: The Immediate Challenge and Methods of Response. In: NORDQUIST, M., NORTON MOORE, J. and FU, K-CH., eds., Recent Developments in the Law of the Sea and China Martinus Nijhoff. 467-482
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2006. How the United Kingdom can work towards a position of compliance with the UNESCO Convention 2001 In: The UNESCO Convention for the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage: Proceedings of the Burlington House Seminar. 36-40
  • DROMGOOLE, S., ed., 2006. The Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage: National Perspectives in Light of the UNESCO Convention 2001 2nd ed. Martinus Nijhoff.
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2006. Editor's Introduction. In: DROMGOOLE, S., ed., The Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage: National Perspectives in Light of the UNESCO Convention 2001 2nd ed. Martinus Nijhoff. xxvii-xxxviii
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2004. The UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage 2001: A particular common law perspective. In: MANISCALCO, F., ed., Tutela, Conservazione e Valorizzazione del Patrimonio Culturale Subacqueo Massa Editore. 43-51
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2003. UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage 2001: implications for commercial treasure salvors Lloyd's Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly. 3, 317-340
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2003. 2001 UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. 18(1), 59-108
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2002. Law and the underwater cultural heritage: a question of balancing interests. In: BRODIE, N. and WALKER TUBB, K., eds., Illicit Antiquities: The theft of culture and the extinction of archaeology Routledge. 109-136
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 2002. Le patrimoine culturel sous-marin: texte et pratique au Royaume-Uni. In: CORNU, M. and FROMAGEAU, J., eds., Le patrimoine culturel et la mer: Aspects juridiques et institutionnels 1. L'Harmattan. 119-135
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 1999. Greenwich Symposium on the UNESCO Draft Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage Art, Antiquity and Law. 4, 84-86
  • DROMGOOLE, S., ed., 1999. Legal Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage: National and International Perspectives Kluwer Law International.
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 1999. United Kingdom. In: DROMGOOLE, S., ed., Legal Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage: National and International Perspectives Kluwer Law International. 181-203
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 1999. Editor's Introduction. In: DROMGOOLE, S., ed., Legal Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage: National and International Perspectives Kluwer Law International. xvii-xx
  • DROMGOOLE, S. and GASKELL, N., 1999. Draft UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage 1998 International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. 14, 171-192
  • DROMGOOLE, S. and BAATZ, Y., 1998. The Bill of Lading as a Document of Title. In: PALMER, N. and MCKENDRICK, E., eds., Interests in Goods 2nd ed. Lloyd's of London Press. 547-594
  • DROMGOOLE, S. and GASKELL, N., 1998. Interests in Wreck. In: PALMER, N. and MCKENDRICK, E., eds., Interests in Goods 2nd ed. Lloyd's of London Press. 141-204
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 1997. A Protective Legal Regime for the Underwater Cultural Heritage: The Problem of International Waters Annuaire de Droit Maritime et Oceanique. XV, 119-129
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 1996. Military Remains on and around the Coast of the United Kingdom: Statutory Mechanisms of Protection International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law. 11, 23-45
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 1996. Second National Maritime Museum Conference on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, London, 25-26 January 1996 Art, Antiquity and Law. 1, 214-217
  • DROMGOOLE, S., GASKELL, N. and GRANT, M., 1993. Legal Aspects of Marina Development and Operation. In: BLAIN, W., ed., Marina Developments Computational Mechanics Publications. 17-59
  • DROMGOOLE, S. and GASKELL, N., 1993. Who Has a Right to Historic Wrecks and Wreckage? International Journal of Cultural Property. 2, 217-273
  • DROMGOOLE, S. and GASKELL, N., 1993. Interests in Wreck. In: PALMER, N. and MCKENDRICK, E., eds., Interests in Goods Lloyd's of London Press. 345-400
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 1992. Underwater Cultural Property: UK Law and European Harmonisation. In: PEARCE, S., ed., Museums and Europe 1992 Athlone Press. 66-86
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 1992. Transfer of Administrative Responsibility for Historic Wrecks International Journal of Estuarine and Coastal Law. 7, 68-74
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 1989. Protection of Historic Wreck: The UK Approach, Part I: The Present Legal Framework International Journal of Estuarine and Coastal Law. 4, 26-51
  • DROMGOOLE, S., 1989. Protection of Historic Wreck: The UK Approach, Part II: Towards Reform International Journal of Estuarine and Coastal Law. 4, 95-116

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