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DOCUMENT 1

Ne C 1775 : Printed Declaration by 'Prince Charles', issued in Paris, 1745

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DOCUMENT 2

Ne C 1625/2 : Copy of letter from [A. Campbell] 3rd Duke of Argyll to Sir John Cope; n.d. [c. Aug 1745], enclosed in General Cope's letter of 13 Aug. 1745 to Henry Pelham

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DOCUMENT 3

Ne C 1785 : Copy of letter from Charles Stuart 'the Young Pretender', Perth [Scotland,] to James Stuart 'the Old Pretender'; 10 Sep. 1745

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This letter was sent to his father by Charles when he was at Perth. The letter is long, rambling and excited.

DOCUMENT 4

Ne C 1677 : Letter from General T[homas] Wentworth, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, to Henry Pelham; 10 Nov. 1745

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This letter is from Wentworth, a general who served with Cope, to Henry Pelham and is written from Newcastle. He reports that the rebels are rumoured to be near Carlisle.

DOCUMENT 5

Ne C 1640 : Letter from [A. Campbell], 3rd Duke of Argyll, Edinburgh [Scotland], to Henry Pelham; 17 Aug. 1745

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DOCUMENT 6

Ne C 1707 : 'Some Reflexions on General Cope's Behaviour in Scotland', endorsed 'Facts relating to the Army in Scotland before the Battle of Preston Pans'; n.d. [c. 1745-1746].

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This is a report made by Henry Pelham and is a summary of a letter he had received describing the blunders that Sir John Cope had made. The writer had been a volunteer in Cope's army and was a friend of Pelham's.

DOCUMENT 7

Ne C 1708/4 : Plan of the positions of the opposing troops at the Battle of Preston Pans, enclosed in Brigadier William Blakeney's letter to Henry Pelham, written at Stirling Castle, 18 Oct. 1745.

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This plan shows the troops' positions for the battle of Preston Pans, and includes the movements of both armies.

DOCUMENT 8

Ne C 1708/1 : Letter from Brigadier William Blakeney [later 1st Baron Blakeney], Stirling Castle [Scotland], to Henry Pelham; 18 Oct. 1745

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William Blakeney commanded the British garrison at Stirling Castle. Here he comments on the battle of Preston Pans.

DOCUMENT 9

Ne C 1656 : 'Account of the State of Scotland'; 20 Oct. 1745.

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This is a long report on the whole situation in Scotland. It mentions that the writer is a 'Heart-Friend' of George II.

DOCUMENT 10

Ne C 1703 : Letter from [J. O'Hara] 2nd Baron Tyrawly, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, to Henry Pelham; 11 Nov. 1745

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On 11 November 1745, Lord Tyrawly, a government official, wrote to Henry Pelham from Newcastle. He describes the state of the army under the command of old Marshal Wade.

DOCUMENT 11

Ne C 1698 : 'State of what sum of Money is proposed to be paid upon account to the Dutch Troops to enable them to march'; n.d. [c. Oct. 1745]

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This is a list of the money that the Dutch troops and officers are demanding in October 1745. At this time, the government agent, Mr. Abbott, was desperately trying to find the money to pay them, and also to get them to accept a lower sum.

DOCUMENT 12

Ne C 1839 : Letter from Morpheus Landlowper, Edinburgh [Scotland], to Henry Pelham; 10 Dec. 1746.

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The writer calls himself 'Morpheus Landlowper' (obviously a false name) and sets down the evidence against Cope as though it was a dream that he had had. In one section he tells of a meeting with Bonnie Prince Charlie.

DOCUMENT 13

Ne C 1720 : Letter from George Jonestone, Musselburgh [Midlothian, Scotland], to Henry Pelham; 21 Jan. 1745/6, endorsed 'Account of Action in Scotland, 1745/6'

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George Jonestone, Provost of Annan, was a government supporter. Here he describes the battle of Falkirk, in which the government forces were defeated by the rebels. The letter puts forward firstly the British point of view and secondly the picture of the battle from the rebel side.

DOCUMENT 14

Ga 12,835 : Two pages from the book of 'Military Orders by His Royall Highness The Duke of Cumberland', being the entries for 2-3 Mar. 1745/6.

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This is part of the Duke of Cumberland's 'Order Book', in which is written the daily orders for his army. It deals with 'paroles' (passwords), duties, discipline and punishment, ammunition and food. At this time, the army was in camp at Aberdeen.

DOCUMENT 15

Ne C 1740 : Letter from Sir Everard Fawkener, Inverness [Scotland], to Henry Pelham; 18 Apr. 1746

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Everard Fawkener was secretary to the Duke of Cumberland. The letter concerns the battle of Culloden. 

DOCUMENT 16

Ne C 1725 : Letter from Major-General Humphrey Bland, Fort Augustus [Inverness-shire, Scotland], to Henry Pelham; 9 Jun. 1746

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This long letter was written on 9 June 1746 - when the rebellion had been crushed. It is written to Henry Pelham by Bland from Fort Augustus, and puts forward some proposals for pacifying the Highlands, and getting rid of the Jacobite threat once and for all.

DOCUMENT 17

Ne C 1793 : 'List of persons who were usefull to the Government during the late Rebellion, and thereby intitled to their favour'; Edinburgh, 6 Apr. 1747

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This list of those who had helped the British government during the rebellion was drawn up in Scotland, and sent to Henry Pelham, who would suggest suitable rewards, either of money or government positions.

 

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