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Thomas Schröder

Associate Professor in Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences

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Biography

Dr Thomas Schröder is the Nottingham Director of the Trent Doctorate in Clinical Psychology, organised by the School of Medicine's Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology in collaboration with Lincoln University's Department of Psychology and three local NHS Trusts. He has established and developed this three-year full-time programme since 2005. It is approved by the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) and accredited by the British Psychological Society (BPS) and leads to a professional qualification in Clinical Psychology (Doctor of Clinical Psychology - DClinPsy).

Dr Schröder began his academic studies in Hamburg where he read Law and Psychology and gained his first degree (Vordiplom) in 1974. After moving to the UK he studied Social Work at the London School of Economics and subsequently obtained Master's degrees in Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. He received his PhD from the University of Warwick in 1999.

Before taking up a full-time post with the University in 2011, Dr Schröder was seconded from Derbyshire Healthcare NHS Trust, where he worked for 25 years as a Consultant Clinical Psychologist and Head of the Psychotherapy Specialty. He is a Registered Clinical and Counselling Psychologist (HCPC), Chartered Psychologist (BPS), Registered Psychologist Specialising in Psychotherapy - Senior Practitioner (BPS) and has previously been registered as a Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist (UKCP). Before coming to Derby he worked for the NHS in Birmingham and Rugby and for the National Marriage Guidance Council in Bristol. Dr Schröder is now an Honorary Consultant Clinical Psychologist with Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust.

Clinically, Dr Schröder treats complex and enduring mental health problems, working with individuals, couples and groups. He is currently associated with the Centre for Trauma, Resilience and Growth in Nottingham. His research interests include the professional development of therapists, difficulties in psychotherapeutic practice, and self-conscious emotions in psychological therapy and supervision. He is a past president of the UK chapter of the Society for Psychotherapy Research, a Trustee of the Compassionate Mind Foundation, a Senior Fellow of the Institute of Mental Health and a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Expertise Summary

Clinical Practice

Over the past 40 years Dr Schröder has developed his specialist clinical expertise by practising in a variety of settings - including the NHS, Social Services, the third sector, Higher Education and independent practice - building on his training in a range of models acquired in a number of different centres, such as client-centred therapy (University of Hamburg), social case work (London School of Economics),behavioural and cognitive treatments (University of Birmingham), psycho-analytic therapy (Tavistock Clinic, London) and evidence based integrative approaches (University of Warwick). In the NHS he has been leading the psychology team within a large multi-disciplinary therapy service, spanning a range of treatment modalities (individual, group, couple, family) and delivering supervision, training and consultation to specialist practitioners and to the wider health community. Clinical leadership has been an important element in establishing a professional doctorate that is closely integrated with health and social care services, and in maintaining the confidence of stakeholders and commissioners.

Professional Training and Development

Dr Schröder has been consulting to healthcare professionals and supervising psychologists, psychotherapists and counsellors for 35 years. He has been involved in designing and delivering training for voluntary agencies (Marriage Guidance, Westminster Pastoral Foundation), been joint organiser of a comprehensive multi-disciplinary training for psychotherapists in the NHS (South Trent Training), established an in-service Masters programme delivered by the NHS in collaboration with Derby University, and designed a professional doctorate as a framework for the professional development of qualified specialist practitioners. He is active in providing Continuing Professional Development to clinicians in the UK and has been invited to teach workshops in Austria, Germany, Italy and Portugal.

Service Evaluation and Audit

Practice-based evidence complements the information gathered in clinical trials. In his NHS practice, Dr Schröder has developed skills and knowledge in tailoring outcome measures to therapy services and in designing evaluation packages that can be integrated into routine clinical practice.

Research Summary

Dr Schröder's main research involvement is in the International Study of the Development of Psychotherapists (ISPDP); he is currently one of two UK members on the study's steering committee. The… read more

Recent Publications

  • STEEL, CATHERINE, MACDONALD, JAMES and SCHRODER, THOMAS, 2017. A Systematic Review of the Effect of Therapists' Internalized Models of Relationships on the Quality of the Therapeutic Relationship. Journal of Clinical Psychology.
  • CAPONE, G., BRAHAM, L. and SCHRÖDER, T.A., 2017. Perceptions of therapeutic principles in a therapeutic community. Therapeutic Communities: The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities.
  • CAPONE, G., SCHRÖDER, T.A., CLARKE, S. and BRAHAM, L., 2016. Outcomes of therapeutic community treatment for personality disorder Therapeutic Communities: The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities. 37(2), 84-100
  • SCHRÖDER, T.A., ORLINSKY, D.E,, RØNNESTAD, M.H. and WILLUTZKI, U., 2015. Psychotherapeutic process from the psychotherapist's perspective. In: O. GELO, A. PRITZ and B. RIEKEN, eds., Psychotherapy Research: Foundations, process and outcome. Springer.

Current Research

Dr Schröder's main research involvement is in the International Study of the Development of Psychotherapists (ISPDP); he is currently one of two UK members on the study's steering committee. The ISPDP - a collaborative project that is not dependent on external funding - is by far the largest study of therapist development, having surveyed over 11,000 therapists in more than 30 countries so far. Targeted data collection is ongoing and there are a number of parallel projects using the existing data base. Dr Schröder's current focus is on therapists' boundary maintenance and on difficulties in therapeutic practice. He has presented aspects of his research at some 30 international conferences.

He is currently supervising 14 doctoral theses on topics including therapists' intersession experiences,managing difficulties in therapeutic practice, trauma related interventions, therapeutic communities, and endings in therapy.

  • STEEL, CATHERINE, MACDONALD, JAMES and SCHRODER, THOMAS, 2017. A Systematic Review of the Effect of Therapists' Internalized Models of Relationships on the Quality of the Therapeutic Relationship. Journal of Clinical Psychology.
  • CAPONE, G., BRAHAM, L. and SCHRÖDER, T.A., 2017. Perceptions of therapeutic principles in a therapeutic community. Therapeutic Communities: The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities.
  • CAPONE, G., SCHRÖDER, T.A., CLARKE, S. and BRAHAM, L., 2016. Outcomes of therapeutic community treatment for personality disorder Therapeutic Communities: The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities. 37(2), 84-100
  • SCHRÖDER, T.A., ORLINSKY, D.E,, RØNNESTAD, M.H. and WILLUTZKI, U., 2015. Psychotherapeutic process from the psychotherapist's perspective. In: O. GELO, A. PRITZ and B. RIEKEN, eds., Psychotherapy Research: Foundations, process and outcome. Springer.
  • STEEL, K., MACDONALD, J., SCHRÖDER, T. and MELLOR-CLARK, J., 2015. Exhausted but not cynical: Burnout in therapists working within Improving Access to Psychological Therapy Services (IAPT) Journal of Mental Health. 24(1), 33-37
  • STEWART, S. and SCHRÖDER, T. A., 2015. Emotional homework: a systematic literature review of patients’ intersession experiences. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration.. 25(3), 236-252
  • GALE, C., SCHRÖDER, T. A. and GILBERT, P., 2015. ‘Do you practice what you preach?’: A qualitative exploration of therapists’ personal practice of Compassion Focused Therapy. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. 87(4), 373-392
  • SCHRÖDER, T. A., COOPER, A., NAIDOO, R., TICKLE, A. and RENNOLDSON, M., 2015. Intensive Short-term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP). In: DAWSON, D. and MOGHADDAM, N., eds., Formulation in Action: Applying Psychological Theory to Clinical Practice De Gruyter. 99-122
  • TICKLE, A., RENNOLDSON, M., SCHRÖDER, THOMAS, COOPER, A. and NAIDOO, R., 2015. Systemic Family Therapy. In: DAWSON, D. and MOGHADDAM, N., eds., Formulation in Action: Applying Psychological Theory to Clinical Practice De Gruyter. 123-141
  • GALE, C. and SCHRÖDER, T.A., 2014. Experiences of self-practice/self-reflection in cognitive behavioural therapy: A meta-synthesis of qualitative studies Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. 87, 373-392
  • SCHRÖDER, T.A. and WILLUTZKI, U., 2014. Therapists' difficulties in practice. In: A. V.D.LIPPE and H.A. NISSEN-LIE, eds., Psykoterapeuten: En antologi om terapeutens rolle i psykoterapi. Gyldendal Akademisk.
  • ORLINSKY, D.E., SCHOFIELD, M.J., SCHRODER, T. and KAZANTZIS, N., 2011. Utilization of personal therapy by psychotherapists: a practice-friendly review and a new study Journal Of Clinical Psychology. 67(8), 828-842
  • MACE, C., ROWLAND, N., EVANS, C., SCHRODER, T. and HALSTEAD, J., 2009. Psychotherapy professionals in the UK: expansion and experiment European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling. 11(2), 131-140
  • ORLINSKY, D., RONNESTAD, H., GERIN, P., DAVIS, J., AMBÜHL, H., DAVIS, M., DAZORD, A., WILLUTZKI, U., AAPRO, N., BOTERMANS, J.-F. and SCHRÖDER, T.A., 2005. The development of psychotherapists.. In: ORLINSKY, D. and RONNESTAD, M.H., eds., How Psychotherapists develop: A study of therapeutic work and professional growth American Psychological Association. 12-30
  • ORLINSKY, D., RONNESTAD, M.H., AMBÜHL, H.,, WILLUTZKI, U., DAVIS, J., GERIN, P.,, SCHRÖDER, T.A., WISEMAN, H., DAVIS, M., BOTERMANS, J.-F., DAZORD, A. and CIERPKA, M., eds., 2005. How Psychotherapists Develop: A Study Of Therapeutic Work And Professional Growth American Psychological Association.
  • ORLINSKY, D.E., RØNNESTAD, M.H., SCHRÖDER, T.A. and OTHERS, 2005. Facets of psychotherapeutic work. In: ORLINSKY, D.E. and RØNNESTAD, M.H., eds., How Psychotherapists develop: A study of therapeutic work and professional growth American Psychological Association. 41-60
  • ORLINSKY, D. E., RØNNESTAD, M.H., SCHRÖDER, T.A. and OTHERS, 2005. Study methods. In: ORLINSKY, D. E. and RØNNESTAD, M.H., eds., How psychotherapists develop: A study of therapeutic work and professional growth American Psychological Association.
  • ORLINSKY, D.E, RØNNESTAD, M.H., SCHRÖDER, T.A. and OTHERS, 2005. The psychotherapists. In: ORLINSKY, D.E. and RØNNESTAD, M.H., eds., How psychotherapists develop: A study of therapeutic work and professional growth American Psychological Association.
  • SCHRODER, T. A. and DAVIS, J. D., 2004. Therapists' experience of difficulty in practice Psychotherapy Research. 14(3), 328-345
  • SCHRÖDER, T.A. and DAVIS, J.D., 2000. Difficulties in therapeutic practice: Rating manual. University of Warwick.
  • ORLINSKY, D., AMBUHL, H., RONNESTAD, M. H., DAVIS, J., GERIN, P., DAVIS, M., WILLUTZKI, U., BOTERMANS, J. F., DAZORD, A., CIERPKA, M., AAPRO, N., BUCHHEIM, P., BAE, S., DAVIDSON, C., FRIIS-JORGENSEN, E., JOO, S., KALMYKOVA, E., MEYERBERG, J., NORTHCUT, T., PARKS, B., SCHERB, E., SCHRODER, T., SHEFLER, G., STIWNE, D., STUART, S., TARRAGONA, M., VASCO, A. B., WISEMAN, H. and SPR COLLABORATIVE RES NETWORK, 1999. Development of psychotherapists: Concepts, questions, and methods of a collaborative international study: Psychotherapy Research Psychotherapy Research. 9(2), 127-153
  • SCHRÖDER, T. A., 1997. Was lange währt wird auch nicht leichter - Schwierigkeiten und Bewältigungsstrategien in der psychotherapeutischen Arbeit. In: P. L. JANSSEN, M. CIERPKA and P. BUCHHEIM, eds., Psychotherapie als Beruf Vandenhoek & Ruprecht.
  • SCHRÖDER, T. A., 1997. Couples counselling. In: S. PALMER and G. MCMAHON, eds., Handbook of Counselling 2nd edition. Routledge.
  • WILLUTZKI, U, BOTERMANS, JF and CRN INCL. SCHRODER, TA, 1997. The Training Status Of Psychotherapists In Germany And Switzerland And Its Relevance For Therapeutic Competence Psychotherapeut. 42(5), 282-289
  • 1996. Schwierigkeiten und Bewältigungsstrategien in der psychotherapeutischen Arbeit Carl Auer Verlag. . Autobahn Universität. 01/01/1900 00:00:00
  • SCHRÖDER, T. A., 1991. Approaches to couple therapy. In: D. HOOPER and W. DRYDEN, eds., Couple Therapy. A Handbook. Open University Press.
  • SCHRÖDER, T. A.,, RAJAN, P. and FRANCIS, V.M., 1991. Factorial invariance of the Brief Symptom Inventory in British outpatient and community samples. Network: Newsletter of the SPR Service Evaluation Group.
  • SCHRÖDER, T. A., 1989. Couples counselling.. In: W. DRYDEN, R. WOOLFE and D. CHARLES EDWARDS, eds., A Handbook of Counselling in Britain Methuen.
  • DAVIS, JD, ELLIOTT, R, DAVIS, ML, BINNS, M, FRANCIS, VM, KELMAN, JE and SCHRODER, TA, 1987. Development Of A Taxonomy Of Therapist Difficulties - Initial Report British Journal Of Medical Psychology. 60, 109-119
  • SCHRÖDER, THOMAS A., BINNS, MARC, DAVIS, JOHN D., DAVIS, MARCIA L., ELLIOTT, ROBERT, FRANCIS, VALERIE M. and KELMAN, JAMES E., 1987. A taxonomy of therapist coping strategies. In: KACHELE, HORST, CIERPKA, MANFRED and HOLZER, MICHAEL, eds., Society for Psychotherapy Research, Abstracts of the 18th Annual Meeting PSZ-Verlag. 118-120
  • SCHRÖDER, THOMAS A., BINNS, MARC, DAVIS, JOHN D., DAVIS, MARCIA L., ELLIOTT, ROBERT, FRANCIS, VALERIE M. and KELMAN, JAMES E., 1987. A taxonomy of therapist difficulties. In: H. KACHELE, M. CIERPKA and M. HOLZER, eds., Society for Psychotherapy Research, Abstracts of the 18th Annual Meeting PSZ-Verlag. 121-122
  • SCHRÖDER, T.A. and KELMAN, J., 1986. Opening clinical accounts.: Planning an audit of intensive group psychotherapy. Midland Journal of Psychotherapy: Festschrift for John Harrington. 5(2), 25-35
  • SCHRÖDER, T. A., 1985. A psychodynamic practitioner's point of view. In: Marital Therapy in Britain Harper & Row.
  • SCHRÖDER, T.A. and WHEELY, S., 1985. An exploratory group for solicitors working with families experiencing marital breakdown. Midland Journal of Psychotherapy. 2(2), 58-63
  • SCHRÖDER, T. A., 1983. Can psychotherapy be a science? Midland Journal of Psychotherapy. 1(2), 14-22

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