The Grand Old Man of Nottinghamshire — examining Gladstone's county connections

   
   
11 Dec 2009 12:15:00.000

An exhibition examining the connections between the four-times Prime Minister William Gladstone and the county of Nottinghamshire begins today at The University of Nottingham’s Weston Gallery.

Curated by Dr Richard Gaunt of the University’s School of History in association with the Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections and the Nottinghamshire Archives, W.E. Gladstone: The Grand Old Man in Nottinghamshire features letters, handbills and contemporary illustrations recording his connections with the county throughout his life.

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William Ewart Gladstone enjoyed the patronage of the Duke of Newcastle in his early political career. He was elected MP for Newark in 1832 following the Great Reform Act — documents from this era show that elections were very different in this era than they are today. Diaries of Gladstone’s contemporaries, tickets, handbills and invitations record that he canvassed heavily in the area. The influence of the Duke of Newcastle ensured his candidacy, but unpopular local feeling about his patron meant that he could not assume the automatic support of the people.

 

The exhibition records Gladstone’s disgust at the standard election tactic of ‘treating’ — essentially bribery by another name. ‘Treating with drink’ described the provision of free ale to voters, a method that Gladstone disagreed with, and which fuelled election violence. 

 

Though his political career took him away from Nottinghamshire, his links with the county remained. Though he fell out with the Duke of Newcastle, he remained friends with his son — the fifth Duke, (formerly Lord Lincoln) — who inherited in 1851. They were cabinet colleagues and switched political allegiance together, from Conservative to Liberal.

 

Lord Lincoln died in 1864, appointing Gladstone as one of the trustees of his estate. Here the politician’s links with Nottinghamshire flourished. Gladstone’s signature is on the documents instigating the development of Nottingham Castle and The Park estate. All works had to gain his approval, and he came to Nottingham regularly to carry out his duties.

 

In 1831 riots against the Duke of Newcastle’s opposition to the Reform Act saw Nottingham Castle burnt to the ground. This was a direct attack on its owner, the Duke, who left it derelict until his death in response. It was Gladstone, his former protégé, who oversaw the site’s conversion to a Museum of Fine Art which would eventually belong to the City of Nottingham.

 

A ceremony of special significance for Nottingham and the University took place in September 1877, when the foundation stone of University College, Nottingham was laid. Gladstone gave public speeches at the ceremony and at the Alexandra Rink later the same day. The event was given extensive media coverage, both locally and nationally. Unfortunately, Gladstone’s political commitments meant that he had to send his apologies when University College was formally opened in 1881.

 

Exhibition curator Dr Richard Gaunt said: “It is entirely appropriate that Nottingham should be commemorating the county’s enduring connections with Gladstone, who in later life was known as ‘the Grand Old Man’ of British politics. I hope that visitors to the exhibition will see how many resonances exist between the problems which engaged Gladstone in his lifetime and which, in many respects, continue to confront us today.”

 

WE Gladstone: The Grand Old Man of Nottinghamshire runs at the Lakeside Arts Centre’s Weston Gallery from Friday December 11 2009 to Sunday March 21 2010. A series of lunchtime talks will accompany the exhibition. For more information and for opening times, contact the Lakeside Box Office on 0115 846 7777 or visit www.lakesidearts.org.uk

 

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Notes to editors: The University of Nottingham is ranked in the UK's Top 10 and the World's Top 100 universities by the Shanghai Jiao Tong (SJTU) and Times Higher (THE) World University Rankings.

 

More than 90 per cent of research at The University of Nottingham is of international quality, according to RAE 2008, with almost 60 per cent of all research defined as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’. Research Fortnight analysis of RAE 2008 ranks the University 7th in the UK by research power. In 27 subject areas, the University features in the UK Top Ten, with 14 of those in the Top Five.

 

The University provides innovative and top quality teaching, undertakes world-changing research, and attracts talented staff and students from 150 nations. Described by The Times as Britain's “only truly global university”, it has invested continuously in award-winning campuses in the United Kingdom, China and Malaysia. Twice since 2003 its research and teaching academics have won Nobel Prizes. The University has won the Queen's Award for Enterprise in both 2006 (International Trade) and 2007 (Innovation — School of Pharmacy), and was named ‘Entrepreneurial University of the Year’ at the Times Higher Education Awards 2008.

 

Nottingham was designated as a Science City in 2005 in recognition of its rich scientific heritage, industrial base and role as a leading research centre. Nottingham has since embarked on a wide range of business, property, knowledge transfer and educational initiatives (www.science-city.co.uk) in order to build on its growing reputation as an international centre of scientific excellence. The University of Nottingham is a partner in Nottingham: the Science City.

Story credits

More information is available from Dr Richard Gaunt on +44 (0)115 951 5930, richard.gaunt@nottingham.ac.uk; Caroline Kelly in the Department of Manuscripts and Special Collections on +44 (0)115 951 4564, mss-library@nottingham.ac.uk

 
Tara De Cozar

Tara De Cozar - Internal Communications Manager

Email: tara.decozar@nottingham.ac.uk Phone: +44 (0)115 846 8560 Location: University Park

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