Nottingham Geospatial Institute

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Richard Bingley

Associate Professor and Reader in Geodetic Surveying (Academic); Civil Engineering UGT Course Director (Administrative), Faculty of Engineering

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Biography

Richard is involved in a variety of research and teaching activities, primarily linked to high precision GPS/GNSS and its applications in engineering, environmental and geophysical monitoring. In the UK, he is leading research on the development of GPS/GNSS techniques for monitoring vertical land movements at tide gauges in relation to climate-driven changes in sea level (see http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/6231334.stm), and the development of GPS/GNSS techniques for measuring integrated water vapour as an input to meteorology and climate studies. He is also Head of the NERC British Isles continuous GNSS Facility (BIGF) (see www.bigf.ac.uk). In 2014, his research on measuring land and sea levels was given the Faculty of Engineering Knowledge Exchange Award for Societal Impact at the inaugural University of Nottingham Knowledge Exchange and Innovation Awards (see http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/fabs/beis/documents/ke-and-i-awards-brochure.pdf and http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/fabs/beis/documents/list-of-winners-for-website.pdf). He is also a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Richard is a member of the Nottingham Geospatial Institute research group.

Expertise Summary

Richard is involved in a variety of research and teaching activities, primarily linked to high precision GPS/GNSS and its applications in engineering, environmental and geophysical monitoring. In the UK, he is leading research on the development of GPS/GNSS techniques for monitoring vertical land movements at tide gauges in relation to climate-driven changes in sea level (see http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/6231334.stm), and the development of GPS/GNSS techniques for measuring integrated water vapour as an input to meteorology and climate studies. He is also Head of the NERC British Isles continuous GNSS Facility (BIGF) (see www.bigf.ac.uk). In 2014, his research on measuring land and sea levels was given the Faculty of Engineering Knowledge Exchange Award for Societal Impact at the inaugural University of Nottingham Knowledge Exchange and Innovation Awards (see http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/fabs/beis/documents/ke-and-i-awards-brochure.pdf and http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/fabs/beis/documents/list-of-winners-for-website.pdf). He is also a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Research Summary

Richard's current research interests are focussed on the development of GPS/GNSS techniques for monitoring vertical land movements at tide gauges in relation to climate-driven changes in sea level,… read more

Recent Publications

Current Research

Richard's current research interests are focussed on the development of GPS/GNSS techniques for monitoring vertical land movements at tide gauges in relation to climate-driven changes in sea level, and the development of GPS/GNSS techniques for measuring integrated water vapour as an input to meteorology and climate studies. In the field of sea level research, he has led and is leading research looking at the problem on three different spatial scales: on a global scale, working with the University of Luxembourg as part of the International GNSS Service (IGS) TIGA project; on a national scale, working with the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) in Liverpool; and on a regional scale, working with the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) in Liverpool, the British Geological Survey (BGS) and Nigel Press Associates (NPA) in London and along the River Thames (see http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/6231334.stm). In the field of meteorology research, he is leading a Met Office funded project for the development and testing of operational, near real-time, ground-based GPS/GNSS systems for water vapour estimation. He is also Head of the NERC British Isles continuous GNSS Facility (BIGF) (see www.bigf.ac.uk).

Past Research

Richard's past research interests have been mainly focussed on the development of GPS/GNSS techniques for monitoring vertical land movements at tide gauges in relation to climate-driven changes in sea level. Through collaboration with the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory (POL) and National Oceanography Centre (NOC) in Liverpool, he has worked in this area on a national scale since 1991, and on a European and global scale since 1993, as part of the UK's contribution to EUROGAUGE, the European Sea Level Observing System (EOSS), the European Sea Level Service (ESEAS) and the International GNSS Service (IGS) TIGA project.

Future Research

Richard's past and current research interests are all related to long-term monitoring. The future will hopefully see the research and developments that have been made come to fruition, with the emergence of statistically meaningful GPS/GNSS-based estimates of climate change related parameters, notably sea level and water vapour.

  • AHMED, F., VACLAVOVIC, P., TEFERLE, F. N., DOUSA, J., BINGLEY, R. M. and LAURICHESSE, D, 2016. Comparative analysis of real-time precise point positioning zenith total delay estimates GPS Solutions. 20(2),
  • MOHAMMED J., MOORE T., HILL C., BINGLEY R. M. and HANSEN D. N., 2016. An assessment of static precise point positioning using GPS only, GLONASS only, and GPS plus GLONASS Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation. 88(2016), 121-130
  • BRADSHAW, E., WOODWORTH, P. L., HIBBERT, A., BRADLEY, L. J., PUGH, D. T., FANE, C. and BINGLEY, R. M., 2016. A Century of Sea Level Measurements at Newlyn, Southwest England: Marine Geodesy Marine Geodesy. 39(2), 115-140
  • HUNEGNAW, A., TEFERLE, F. N., BINGLEY, R. M. and HANSEN, D. N., 2015. Status of TIGA Activities at the British Isles Continuous GNSS Facility and the University of Luxembourg International Association of Geodesy Symposia: IAG 150 Years: Proceedings of the 2013 IAG Scientific Assembly. 143, 617-624
  • AHMED, F., TEFERLE, F. N., BINGLEY, R. M. and LAURICHESSE, D., 2015. The status of GNSS data processing systems to estimate integrated water vapour for use in numerical weather prediction models International Association of Geodesy Symposia: IAG 150 Years: Proceedings of the 2013 IAG Scientific Assembly. 143, 587-594
  • STOCKAMP, J., LI, Z., BISHOP, P., HANSOM, J., RENNIE, A., PETRIE, E., TANAKA, A., BINGLEY, R. and HANSEN, D., 2015. Investigating glacial isostatic adjustment in Scotland with InSAR and GPS observations
  • ALDISS, D.T., BURKE, H.C., CHACKSFIELD, B.C., BINGLEY, R.M., TEFERLE, F.N., WILLIAMS, S.D.P., BLACKMAN, D.L., BURREN, R. and PRESS, N., 2014. Geological interpretation of current subsidence and uplift in the London area, UK, as shown by high precision satellite-based surveying Proceedings of the Geologists' Association. 125(1), 1-13
  • TAMISIEA, M.E., HUGHES, C.W., WILLIAMS, S.D.P. and BINGLEY. R.M., 2014. Sea level: measuring the bounding surfaces of the ocean Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Series A: Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences. 372, 20130336
  • LEIGHTON, J. M., SOWTER, A., TRAGHEIM, D., BINGLEY, R. M. and TEFERLE, F. N., 2013. Land motion in the urban area of Nottingham observed by ENVISAT-1 International Journal of Remote Sensing. 34(3), 982-1003
  • HANSEN, D. N., TEFERLE, F. N., BINGLEY, R. M. and WILLIAMS, S. D. P., 2012. New Estimates of Present-Day Crustal/Land Motions in the British Isles Based on the BIGF Network International Association of Geodesy Symposia: Geodesy for Planet Earth. 136, 665-671
  • WOODWORTH, P.L., PUGH, D.T. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2010. Long-term and recent changes in sea level in the Falkland Islands Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 115(C9), C09025
  • TEFERLE, F.N., BINGLEY, R.M., ORLIAC, E.J., WILLIAMS, S.D.P., WOODWORTH, P.L., MCLAUGHLIN, D., BAKER, T.F., SHENNAN, I., MILNE, G.A., BRADLEY, S.L. and HANSEN, D.N., 2009. Crustal motions in Great Britain: evidence from continuous GPS, absolute gravity and Holocene sea level data Geophysical Journal International. 178(1), 23-46
  • WOODWORTH, P.L., TEFERLE, F.N., BINGLEY, R.M., SHENNAN, I. and WILLIAMS, S.D.P., 2009. Trends in UK mean sea level revisited Geophysical Journal International. 176(1), 19-30
  • BRADLEY, S.L., MILNE, G.A., TEFERLE, F.N., BINGLEY, R.M. and ORLIAC, E.J., 2009. Glacial isostatic adjustment of the British Isles: new constraints from GPS measurements of crustal motion Geophysical Journal International. 178(1), 14-22
  • KIERULF, H.P., PLAG, H-P., BINGLEY, R.M., TEFERLE, F.N., DEMIR, C., CINGOZ, A., YILDIZ, H., GARATE, J., DAVILA, J.M. and SILVA, C.G., 2008. Comparison of GPS analysis strategies for high-accuracy vertical land motion Journal of Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. VOL 33(NUMB 3-4), 194-204
  • TEFERLE, F.N., WILLIAMS, S.D.P., KIERULF, H.P., BINGLEY, R.M. and PLAG, H-P., 2008. A continuous GPS coordinate time series analysis strategy for high-accuracy vertical land movements Journal of Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. VOL 33(NUMB 3-4), 205-216
  • BINGLEY, R.M., TEFERLE, F.N., ORLIAC, E.J., DODSON, A.H., WILLIAMS, S.D.P., BLACKMAN, D.L., BAKER, T.F., RIEDMANN, M., HAYNES, M., PRESS, N., ALDISS, D.T., BURKE, H.C., CHACKSfiELD, B.C., TRAGHEIM, D., TARRANT, O., TANNER, S., REEDER, T., LAVERY, S., MEADOWCROFT, I., SURENDRAN, S., GOUDIE, J.R. and RICHARDSON, D., 2008. The Measurement of Current Changes in Land Levels as Input to Long Term Planning for Flood Risk Management Along the Thames Estuary Journal of Flood Risk Management. 1(3), 162-172
  • TEFERLE, F.N., ORLIAC, E.J. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2007. An assessment of Bernese GPS software precise point positioning using IGS final products for global site velocities GPS Solutions. 11(3), 205-213
  • BINGLEY, R.M., TEFERLE, F.N., ORLIAC, E.J., DODSON, A.H., WILLIAMS, S.D.P., BLACKMAN, D.L., BAKER, T.F., RIEDMANN, M., HAYNES, M., ALDISS, D.T., BURKE, H.C., CHACKSFIELD, B.C. and TRAGHEIM, D., 2007. Absolute fixing of tide gauge benchmarks and land levels: measuring changes in land and sea levels around the coast of Great Britain and along the Thames Estuary using GPS, absolute gravimetry, persistent scatterer interferometry and tide gauges Defra/Environment Agency Joint R&D FCERM Programme R&D Technical Report FD2319/TR. 241
  • TEFERLE, F.N., BINGLEY, R.M., WAUGH, A.I., DODSON, A.H., WILLIAMS, S.D.P and BAKER, T.F., 2007. Sea level in the British Isles: combining absolute gravimetry and continuous GPS to infer vertical land movements at tide gauges International Association of Geodesy Symposia. 130, 23-30
  • CELIK, C.T., CHEN, W. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2007. Elimination of effects of earthquake in monitoring crustal movement Stud. Geophys. Geod.. 51(2), 207-219
  • TEFERLE, F.N., BINGLEY, R.M., WILLIAMS, S.D.P., BAKER, T.F. and DODSON, A.H., 2006. Using continuous GPS and absolute gravity to separate vertical land movements and changes in sea-level at tide-gauges in the UK Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. A: Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences. 364(1841), 917-930
  • SOWTER, A., WARREN, M.A. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2006. The absolute positioning of spaceborne INSAR data using the integer ambiguity method Photogrammetric Record. 21(113), 61-75
  • WARREN, M.A., SOWTER, A. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2006. A 3-pass persistent scatterer interferometry method: initial results using ERS data of London, UK In: Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society Annual Conference 2006.
  • LEIGHTON, J.M., SOWTER, A., BINGLEY, R.M. and TEFERLE, N., 2006. Episodic geodetic reflector networks for PSInSAR analyses In: Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society Annual Conference 2006.
  • BINGLEY, R.M., TEFERLE, F.N., DODSON, A.H., WILLIAMS, S.D.P. and BAKER, T.F., 2006. Measuring changes in ground level at tide gauges, using continuous GPS and absolute gravimetry, to improve estimates of changes in sea level around Britain In: Proceedings of the 41st Defra Flood and Coastal Management conference.
  • MILNE, G.A., SHENNAN, I., YOUNGS, B.A.R., WAUGH, A.I., TEFERLE, F.N., BINGLEY, R.M., BASSETT, S.E., CUTHBERT-BROWN, C. and BRADLEY, S.L., 2006. Modelling the glacial isostatic adjustment of the UK region Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences. VOL 364(NUMB 1841), 931-948
  • WARREN, M.A., SOWTER, A. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2006. A DEM-free approach to persistent point scatterer interferometry In: Proceedings of the 3rd IAG Symposium on Geodesy for Geotechnical and Structural Engineering 12th FIG Symposium on Deformation Measurement.
  • CELIK, C.T., CHEN, W., BINGLEY, R.M. and ASHKENAZI, V., 2006. Elimination of effects of Earthquake in monitoring Crustal Movement by adaptive Kalman filtering Survey Review. VOL 38(NUMB 300), 541-550
  • WAUGH, A.I., TEFERLE, F.N., BINGLEY, R.M. and DODSON, A.H., 2005. Horizontal Crustal Motion Estimates for the UK Inferred from GPS: Preliminary Results International Association of Geodesy Symposia. VOL 128, 26-31
  • MOHD-YUSOFF, M.Y., BINGLEY, R.M. and ROBERTS, G.W., 2005. An assessment of systematic errors on a VRS network RTK system in the equatorial region In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on GPS/GNSS (GNSS 2005).
  • WARREN, M.A., SOWTER, A. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2005. A DEM-free approach to persistent point scatterer interferometry In: Proceedings of Fringe 2005: Advances in SAR Interferometry from ENVISAT and ERS Missions.
  • WARREN, M.A., SOWTER, A. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2005. An InSAR persistent scatterer approach that doesnÃt use a DEM: a paper study In: Proceedings of RSPSoc 2005: Measuring, Mapping and Managing a Hazardous World.
  • PALMEROS-TORRES, I., SMITH, M.J., MOORE, T. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2004. Low Cost Surveying using GPS and Ground-based Digital Photogrammetry In: Proceedings of the European Navigation Conference ENC GNSS 2004. 6
  • DODSON, A.H., BAKER, D.F. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2004. The NERC British Isles GPS archive Facility (BIGF) In: Proceedings of the Geomatics World 2004 Conference.
  • HIPKIN, R., HAINES, K., BEGGAN, C., BINGLEY, R.M., HERNANDEZ, F., HOLT, J. and BAKER, T.F., 2004. The geoid EDIN2000 and mean sea surface topography around the British Isles Geophysical Journal International. VOL 157(NUMBER 2), 565-577
  • WOODWORTH, P.L., MOORE, P., DONG, X. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2004. Absolute Calibration of the Jason-1 Altimeter Using UK Tide Gauges Marine Geodesy. VOL 27(PART 1/2), 95-106
  • TEFERLE, F.N., BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., APOSTOLIDIS, P. and STATON, G., 2003. RF interference and multipath effects at continuous GPS installations for long-term monitoring of tide gauges in UK harbours In: Proceedings of the 16th Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GPS 2003, Portland, OR, 9-12 September 2003.
  • ADAMS, J.C., SMITH, M.J. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2003. Development and integration of terrestrial cliff-face mapping techniques within regional coastal monitoring In: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society - Scales and Dynamics in Observing the Environment. 9 pages
  • DONG, X., HUANG, C., WOODWORTH, P.L., MOORE, P. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2003. Absolute calibration of the ERS-2 altimeter using UK tide gauges International Association of Geodesy Symposia. 126, 91-98
  • WADGE, G., WEBLEY, P.W., JAMES, I.N., BINGLEY, R., DODSON, A., WAUGH, S., VENEBOER, T., PUGLISI, G., MATTIA, M., BAKER, D., EDWARDS, S.C., EDWARDS, S.J. and CLARKE, P.J., 2002. Atmospheric models, GPS and InSAR measurements of the tropospheric water vapour field over Mount Etna Geophysical Research Letters. 29(19), 1905
  • PENNA, N.T., BINGLEY, R.M. and DODSON, A.H., 2002. Single receiver heighting using the active stations of the national GPS network of Great Britain Survey Review. 36(283), 340-350
  • WEBLEY, P.W., BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., WADGE, G., WAUGH, S.J. and JAMES, I.N., 2002. Atmospheric water vapour correction to InSAR surface motion measurements on mountains: results from a dense GPS network on Mount Etna Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C. 27(4-5), 363-370
  • TEFERLE, F. N., BINGLEY, R. M., DODSON, A. H., PENNA, N. T. and BAKER, T. F., 2002. Using GPS to separate crustal movements and sea level changes at tide gauges in the UK International Association of Geodesy Symposia. VOL 124, 264-269
  • TEFERLE, F. N., BINGLEY, R. M., DODSON, A. H. and BAKER, T. F., 2002. Application of the dual-CGPS concept to monitoring vertical land movements at tide gauges Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Parts A/B/C. VOL 27(NUMBER 32-34), 1401-1406
  • DONG, X., WOODWORTH, P., MOORE, P. and BINGLEY, R., 2002. Absolute calibration of the TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeters using UK tide gauges, GPS, and precise, local geoid-differences Marine Geodesy. 25(3), 189-204
  • BAKER, T.F., BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., TEFERLE, F.N. and WILLIAMS, S.D., 2002. GPS and absolute gravity measurements at UK tide gauges In: Proceedings of the GLOSS Experts 7th Meeting and Related Workshops, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Workshop Report, 180.
  • BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., PENNA, N.T. and BAKER, T.F., 2002. Using a GPS/MSL geoid to test geoid models in the UK International Association of Geodesy Symposia. 124, 197-202
  • NASH, J., LATHAM, N., OAKLEY, T., BINGLEY, R.M. and WAUGH, S.J., 2002. Examination of integrated water vapour fields associated with organised thunderstorm outbreaks over the UK in July 2001 In: Proceedings of the Workshop of European COST Action 716.
  • BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., PENNA, N.T., TEFERLE, F.N. and BAKER, T.F., 2001. Monitoring the Vertical Land Movement Component of Changes in Mean Sea Level Using GPS: Results from Tide Gauges in the UK Journal of Geospatial Engineering. VOL 3(PART 1), 9-20
  • BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., TEFERLE, F.N. and BAKER, T.F., 2001. GPS monitoring of changes in ground level for flood and coastal defence In: Proceedings of the 36th Defra (MAFF) Conference of River and Coastal Engineers. 12 pp
  • TEFERLE, F.N., BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., BAKER, T.F. and WILLIAMS, S.D., 2001. Evaluation of the dual-CGPS concept to monitoring vertical land movements at tide gauges In: Book of Extended Abstracts of the Final Workshop of European COST Action 40, European Sea Level Observing System (EOSS), Sea Level in Europe: Observation, Interpretation and Exploitation. 40-43
  • ADAMS, J.C., SMITH, M.J. and BINGLEY, R.M., 2001. Terrestial laser scanning and close-range photogrammetry for cliff-face mapping In: Proceedings of the Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society 1st Annual Meeting. 12
  • BINGLEY, R.M., 2001. The use of CGPS at tide gauges: vertical station velocities and the decoupling of vertical land movements from true sea level variations In: Book of Extended Abstracts of the Final Workshop of European COST Action 40, European Sea Level Observing System (EOSS), Sea Level in Europe: Observation, Interpretation and Exploitation. 25-28
  • DODSON, A.H., BINGLEY, R.M., PENNA, N.T. and AQUINO, M.H., 2000. A national network of continuously operating GPS receivers for the UK International Association of Geodesy Symposia. 121, pp 367-372
  • BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., PENNA, N.T., TEFERLE, F.N., BOOTH, S.J. and BAKER, T.F., 2000. Using a combination of continuous and episodic GPS data to separate crustal movements and sea level changes at tide gauges in the UK In: Book of Extended Abstracts of the Tenth General Assembly of the Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-Science Research (WEGENER 2000).
  • ASHKENAZI, V., DUMVILLE, M.A., BINGLEY, R.M. and DODSON, A.H., 1999. The use of the LiDAR system for monitoring the coastal environment
  • BINGLEY, R.M., ASHKENAZI, V., PENNA, N.T., BOOTH, S.J., ELLISON, R.A. and MORIGI, A.N., 1999. Monitoring changes in regional ground level, using high precision GPS
  • ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., CHEN, W., HILL, C.J. and MOORE, T., 1998. Coordinate transformations from WGS84 to the mapping datum of Ireland In: Proceedings of the 2nd European Symposium on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS 98). 1-6
  • ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., PENNA, N.T. and BAKER, T.F., 1998. Monitoring of vertical land movements in the United Kingdom In: Proceedings of the 2nd European Symposium on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS 98). 1-7
  • ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., PENNA, N.T. and BAKER, T.F., 1998. GPS monitoring of vertical land movements in the UK In: Proceedings of the 11th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION-GPS-98). 99-107
  • ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., BOOTH, S.J., PENNA, N.T., BAKER, T.F., GREENAWAY, R.G., NURSEY, K., BEDLINGTON, D., ELLISON, R.A. and ARTHURTON, R.S., 1998. Monitoring vertical land movements by GPS for flood and coastal protection In: Proceedings of the 33rd MAFF Conference of River and Coastal Engineers.
  • ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., PENNA, N.T. and BAKER, T.F., 1998. Separating crustal movements and sea level changes using GPS at tide gauges in the UK In: Book of Extended Abstracts (Second, Revised Edition) of the Ninth General Assembly of the Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-Science Research (WEGENER. 102-105
  • ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., PENNA, N.T. and BAKER, T.F., 1998. Monitoring tide gauge heights in the UK with GPS In: Proceedings of the XXI International Congress of the FIG, Commission 5 : Positioning and Measurement (FIG 98). 291-303
  • CLARKE, P.J, DAVIES, R.R, ENGLAND, P.C., PARSON, B., BILLIRIS, H., PARADISSIS, D., VEIS, G., CROSS, P.A., DENYS, P.H., ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., KAHLE, H-G., MULLER, M.V. and BRIOLE, P., 1998. Crustal strain in Central Greece from repeated GPS measurements in the interval 1989-1997 Geophysical Journal International. 135(1), 195-214
  • ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., BOOTH, S.J., GREENAWAY, R.G., NURSEY, K., BEDLINGTON, D., ELLISON, R.A. and ARTHURTON, R.S., 1998. Monitoring long term vertical land movements in the Thames Estuary and Greater London In: Proceedings of the XXI International Congress of the FIG, Commission 5: Positioning and Measurement (FIG 98). 176-188
  • ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., DODSON, A.H., PENNA, N.T. and BAKER, T.F., 1997. Monitoring vertical land movements at tide gauges in the UK In: IGS/PSMSL Workshop on Methods for Monitoring Sea Level: GPS and Tide Gauge Benchmark Monitoring, Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 97-106
  • CLARKE, P.J., DAVIES, R.R., ENGLAND, P.C., PARSONS, B.E., BILLIRIS, H., PARADISSIS, D., VEIS, G., DENYS, P.H., CROSS, P.A., ASHKENAZI, V. and BINGLEY, R.M., 1997. Geodetic estimates of seismic hazard in the Gulf of Korinthos Geophysical Research Letters. 24(11), 1303-1306
  • CHANG, C.C., ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M. and DODSON, A.H., 1996. The effect of fixing or improving satellite orbits on high accuracy GPS In: 2nd GPS Satellite Positioning Symposium, National Cheng Kung University,. 205-217
  • ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., CODD, J.F. and CORY, M.J., 1996. Results and analysis of the EUREF EIR/GB 95 GPS campaign In: Report on the Symposium of the IAG Subcommission for the European Reference Frame (EUREF). 59-72
  • DODSON, A.H., BINGLEY, R.M. and STEWART, M.P., 1995. Using high precision GPS to aid absolute geoid datum definition International Association of Geodesy Symposia. 113,
  • ASHKENAZI, V., BINGLEY, R.M., WHITMORE, G.M. and BAKER, T.F., 1993. Monitoring changes in mean-sea-level to millimetres using GPS Geophysical Research Letters. 20(18), 1951-1954

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