RLO: Glomerular Filtration Pressure

 

Introduction

Three separate processes contribute to the formation of urine within the nephron of the kidney.  These are filtration, reabsorption and secretion. We shall be considering the first of these, filtration.

Filtration occurs in the glomerulus of the nephrons. The glomeruli are capillary beds within the  nephrons, and filtration of fluid out of the glomerulus occurs both as a result of the structure of the nephron, and of Starlings forces. The glomerulus is part of the vascular structure of the nephron.  It is a dense capillary bed – or capillary tuft – that emerges from an afferent arteriole, and returns to an efferent arteriole. In order for fluid to move across the glomerulus and into the tubular system of the nephron,  it must travel across three layers.