Francis Domingo is Assistant Professor of International Studies at De La Salle University and concurrently a doctoral researcher at the School of Politics and International Relations in University of Nottingham where he is affiliated with the Institute of Asia and Pacific Studies and the Centre of Conflict, Security and Terrorism.
Before joining academia, he worked in government as a research analyst with the Office of Strategic and Special Studies (OSS), Armed Forces of the Philippines where he contributed to a number of assessments on political and security issues. He continues his policy research as a fellow of the Security Reform Initiative, a think tank specializing in security sector reform and military affairs. In the private sector, he coordinated nationwide field operations as the Associate Managing Director of RVDBic, a pioneering business risk and intelligence consultancy firm integrated with the Law Firm of R.V. Domingo & Associates based in the Makati City, Philippines.
MRes Strategic Studies (University of Reading, 2014)
MA Intelligence and Security Studies (Brunel University London, 2009)
Certificate in Management (Asian Institute of Management, 2005)
BA Political Science (De La Salle University, 2004)
De La Salle University (2010-2013)
- Introduction to Global Society (undergraduate, 8 modules, 2010-2013)
- Globalization and Development (undergraduate, 6 modules, 2011-2012)
- Domestic Sources of US Foreign Policy (undergraduate, 3 modules, 2010 & 2012)
- Contemporary Trends and Issues in International Relations (undergraduate, 5 modules, 2011 & 2012)
- International Organizations (undergraduate, 1 module, 2013)
- U.S. National Security System (undergraduate, 1 module, 2011)
- European Intelligence and Security Systems (undergraduate, 1 module, 2012)
- Insurgency and Counterinsurgency (undergraduate, 1 module, 2013)
Victoria University Wellington (2016)
- Cyber Security and International Relations (undergraduate, 1 module)
Working Thesis Title: Small States and the Limitations of Cyber Capabilities
The study aims to assess the strategic utility of cyber capabilities of small states. Specifically, it draws on a combination of systemic and cultural explanations advanced by existing theories to explain why small states develop cyber capabilities regardless of the perceived strategic limitations of cyberspace. It compares highly networked small states to determine the factors that influence the development cyber capabilities and evaluates the advantages and limitations of these capabilities. Furthermore, it also derives the strategic implications of having cyber capabilities by assessing if these have any influence on the foreign security policies of selected states. The study intends to contribute to academic literature by building on the limitations of cyber capabilities and develops an alternative explanatory framework that addresses the theoretical gap in cyber studies. Since strategic thought on cyber conflict is still in its infancy, the study can also serve as an assessment of the utility of cyber capabilities for small states.
Intelligence Transparency in the Philippines
Democratic states, both new and established, are confronted with fundamental and inevitable dilemma in combining intelligence agencies that are effective and under democratic civilian control. This is due to the tension between the necessity of intelligence agencies to work in secret and the requirement of democratic government for accountability, obliging intelligence transparency. The ultimate challenge for policymakers and scholars is to understand this dilemma and to manage it in a consistent and productive manner.
In the case of the Philippines, basic information regarding the mandate, functions, and objectives of intelligence agencies are not available to the public due to the 'culture of secrecy' embedded in members of the intelligence community. And without the benefit of a freedom of information law which provides access to 'all information pertaining to official acts, transactions or decisions, as well as government research data used as basis for policy development…', it would be impossible for ordinary Filipinos who help fund intelligence agencies to development awareness and gain basic knowledge about the activities of the Philippine Intelligence Community.
In this context, this study provides an overview of the Philippine Intelligence Community (IC) in the context of the following questions: What are the notions of intelligence the Philippines? Why is secrecy necessary in intelligence activities? What is the structure and organization of the IC? What are the different mechanisms for intelligence oversight?
Sustainability of Militant Organizations in the Philippines
This study contends that specific organizational, operational and external factors help sustain the two dominant Philippine militant organizations, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and the Communist Party of the Philippines-New People's Army (CPP-NPA), in pursuing their respective objective. Using the framework of analysis first introduced by RAND Corporation in a study written by Kim Cragin and Sara Daly to assess the sustainability of militant organizations, and drawing on relevant primary and secondary sources, the author examined the general features of the four organizational factors (ideology, leadership, recruitment pools, and publicity), seven operational factors (command and control, weapons, operational space, operation security, training, intelligence, and money), and four external factors (geographic features, weak governance and prevalence of corruption, poverty and violence) and applied these factors to assess the sustainability of the MILF's and CPP-NPA's anti-government activities.