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Pauline Eadie

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences

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Biography

Pauline Eadie is an Assistant Professor at the University of Nottingham. She is Deputy Director of the Institute of Asia Pacific Studies (IAPS) at the University of Nottingham. She has a PhD in International Relations from Nottingham Trent University.

Teaching Summary

Dr. Eadie currently teaches War, Peace and Terror at PG level. This module examines ideas of critical security, specifically the Copenhagen School and the notion of human security. She also teaches… read more

Research Summary

I am currently associated with the International Relations, Security and International History Research Group.

I am currently working on a project investigating the aftermath of Typhoon Yolanda, which hit the Visayas region of the Philippines in November 2013. The latest available official figures show that 6,293 individuals were reported dead, 1,061 missing and 28,689 are injured, vast areas of agricultural land has been devastated and whole towns have been destroyed. The typhoon affected 591 municipalities and the total damage is estimated at US$904,680,000. The total number of people affected by this disaster in terms of their livelihood, environmental and food security is approximately 16 million.

This project monitors the effectiveness of the Typhoon Yolanda relief efforts in the Philippines in relation to good governance and building sustainable routes out of poverty. This project focuses on urban risk, vulnerability and resilience in the aftermath of Yolanda. Urban slum dwellers are extremely vulnerable to natural disasters. The key themes of the project are risk, vulnerability, resilience and shocks in relation to environmental disaster and pathways in and out of poverty. The urban poor are amongst the most at risk and yet least able to resurrect themselves after disasters. Vulnerability and risk are conditions that are heightened by poverty. Resilience especially is a complex variable that requires both social and material examination. Vulnerability and risk inform why and how poor people are exposed to natural disasters whilst resilience informs how they coped and how coping strategies can be supported and risk lessened. The Philippines is one of the most environmentally vulnerable countries in the world. It is regularly hit by typhoons.

Vulnerability and risk are conditions that are heightened by poverty. Vulnerability and risk inform why and how poor people are exposed to natural disasters whilst resilience informs how they coped and how coping strategies can be supported and risk lessened. This project will test the extent to which the notion of 'Building Back Better' is credible.

The project will assess the political economy of domestic public spending and international and transnational relief funding as it relates to post-disaster reconstruction and sustainable poverty alleviation. This relates to effective governance and physical and social resilience.

The project aims to identify the extent to which resource allocation can go beyond disaster 'relief' and build sustainable livelihoods beyond the immediate aftermath of the disaster. It will assess the extent to which disaster relief funding is related to need and what factors dictate the efficient allocation of funds over the immediate and medium term. It will assess whether communities have actually been built back better and if not then why not. The project will also engage with the theoretical framework of human security e.g. in relation to food, health, environmental, personal, and community security but also individual and community resilience and agency.

This project has been awarded an ESRC/DFID Joint Fund Poverty Alleviation grant (ES/M008932/1, £347,000.00). Dr. Pauline Eadie is Primary Investigator and Dr. May Tan-Mullins (University of Nottingham, Ningbo) and Dr. Maria Ela Atienza (University of the Philippines Diliman) are Co-Investigators . The project will run for three years from March 2015.

Please follow us on Facebook: Project_Yolanda and Twitter: @Project_Yolanda. Please see here for our website: http://www.projectyolanda.org/project-yolanda/index.aspx

Recent Publications

I am happy to supervise topics on any aspect of human or critical security including terrorism in this respect.I am also interested in supervising students that wish to work on environmental issues, disaster relief and resilience in the aftermath of disasters. I have a special interest in the Philippines. I am also willing to supervise work informed by the writings of Karl Polanyi and the Copenhagen School.

Past PhD Students:

Michael Brodie

Winner of the School of Politics and International Relations Best Thesis Prize 2013.

Title: Reconciliation in Ethnic Conflict through Identity Formation: Michaels's research lies in the field of ethnic conflict, conflict resolution and the politics of Southeast Asia. He is interested in non-traditional regional security issues and the role of non-state actors in the region. He is also concerned as to how social identities are constructed, reconstructed and manipulated, and why they can come to justify hostility and violence against others. His PhD investigates the interaction of regional non-state actors with the process of ethnic identity construction in the recent ethnonationalist conflict in Aceh (Indonesia) and the continuing conflict in Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago (The Philippines). His research tests the 'symbolic politics' explanation of ethnic conflict with reference to the two conflicts. It also attempts to broaden the theory by examining the way myths, symbols and perceptions, held by ethnic groups, are affected by the presence and activity of militant Islamic groups who promote and/or engage in acts of terrorism, and who are not directly active in the conflicts themselves

Peter Cruttenden

Structural Violence and Migration in the Americas: A Critical Security Studies Perspective

Peter's research examines the causal relationship between the presence of structural violence during the era of neoliberal globalisation in Mexico and Central America, human insecurity and migration by undocumented persons to the United States. By using Galtung's theory of structural violence as a point of departure and the utilization of critical realism and embedded ethnography as methodological approaches, the research will attempt to address the issue of inter-American migration by engaging both the critical security literature and the contemporary migration literature. It is hoped that the research will not only provide an alternative explanation for migration to the United States, but will also examine and explore the prospects for popular strategies to confront structural violence within Mexico and Central America as a result of the United States' intensified and militarised border enforcement.

OanaPop

Oana's thesis examines the extent to which a country's international political actions and messages towards a specific ethnic and/or religious group during consecutive administrations have the potential to affect the way foreign audiences perceive that country, its government, its people, its culture and products. Specifically Oana's research analyses why the United States (the U.S.) has progressively lost the sympathy and support of the global audience soon after the biggest event at the end of the Cold War - the First Gulf War, hence after the Bush Senior Administration, during the Clinton and Bush Jr. mandates, and will examine how it managed to gradually recapture hearts and minds worldwide after the election of President Obama.

Anisa Santoso

Anisa's main focus is in the governing of migrant workers in ASEAN with the case study of Indonesia and the making of a regional policy framework on migrant workers. In this research she seeks to explain the behaviour of major governments in the process of formulating a regional level policy on migrant workers. In order to do this she seeks to explore the influences of domestic and regional aspects into government's attitude towards the making of this foreign social policy.

Caryl Thompson

A Necessary Evil: The Copenhagen School and the Construction of Migrants as Security Threats in Political Elite Discourse

The migration of people across national borders has expanded and diversified over the past thirty years and is increasingly regarded by national governments as a security issue. Caryl's thesis examines the ways in which migration is articulated as a threat to security and explores the nature of those threats. It will assess how states that are dependent on migrant labor to support economic growth and have relatively large immigrant intakes, balance the tensions between their economic interests and political, economic and societal threats encountered by large and diverse inflows of migrants. It will examine how states "securitise" the issue of migration by critically assessing and challenging the analytical framework of security developed by the Copenhagen School. It will analyse inward migration in the Asia-Pacific region through a cross-national comparison of three states, Malaysia, Singapore and Australia, using Critical Discourse Analysis to examine a corpus of texts relating to how migration is articulated as a security threat in public discourse.

Ali Wibisono

Title: Securitization of Terrorism in Indonesia

This study explores the securitisation of terrorism in Indonesia in the aftermath of the 2002 Bali bombings. The securitising move attempted by the government of President Megawati Sukarnoputri through the promulgation of By-Laws 1/2002 and 2/2002 on Terrorism Crime Eradication and their stipulation as statutes in 2003 are examined in this study. This study also examines the discussion of the meaning of and appropriate responses to terrorism in Indonesia's mainstream print media before (1998-2002) and after (2003-2010) with reference to the securitisation process. The goal of this thesis was to illustrate the continuing influence of the political meaning of terrorism on the articulated speech act of the government and the responses of the audiences.

This study shows that the political interpretation of terrorism continually appears on its treatment as a public issue, politicised issue and securitised issue. Before its securitisation, terrorism was interpreted as politically motivated violence intended to create disorder and communal conflicts, destabilise the executive power, thwart the effort to put former President Suharto on trial, and discredit Indonesian Islam as the perpetrators are described as belonging to an Islamic group. In the aftermath of the 2002 Bali bombings, these political interpretations were overcome by the securitisation of terrorism as an extra-ordinary crime. The choice of language (repertoire) of the government's securitising move indicated an absence of presentation of an existential threat to state's survival. Instead, it emphasised the lack of legal instruments in responding to terrorism as an extra-ordinary crime. The securitising move also eliminated the political meaning of the concept of terrorism as By-Law 1/2002 on Terrorism Eradication Law adopted the exclusion of terrorism crime from political violence.

PhD Students currently supervised:

Katrina Kelly

Katrina's research investigates the authenticity of the American environmental programme in relation to the development of a competitive relationship with China. By examining investment programmes in the Caspian Sea, the true nature of the sincerity behind each countries' renewable energy programmes will be revealed. Thus competition between the US and China will be shown, and will highlight the dominance of China in the region due to their historical political inflexibility and economic impartiality in dealing with the developing countries pertaining to the region. In proving that China will become dominant in the future of energy resources, particularly those of coal and o, the American incentive for sustainable development will be proven.

Abdul Hai Julay

Abdul's project focuses on the environmental governance process of twenty-one oil-producing states. It aims to investigate the role of the selected states in the implementation of good national environmental governance (NEG). The types of governmental freedom have been assessed using the Freedom House Index (FHI), while the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) has been used to measure the levels of environmental governance. The core argument here is to determine the U-shaped relationship between the EPI and the FHI which will help evaluate whether both democratic and authoritarian states show solid environmental governance and whether semi-authoritarian states, on the other hand, show weaker environmental governance. Thus, this research aims to explore the different degrees of governmental freedom and evaluate whether governmental freedom in selected oil rich states could influence the process of national environmental governance.

Suyani Indriastuti

Foreign Direct Investment and Human Security

(A Case Study of the Impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Mining on Human Security at the Local Community Level in Indonesia)

This thesis investigates the relationship between FDI and human welfare. FDI has impacted upon the well-being of communities in living in close proximity to mines in Indonesia. This thesis will investigate the uneven power relations between the Indonesian state and multi-national mining corporations. The thesis will test the extent to which corporate power undermines human well-being at the local level and the role of the state in this trend. A lack of well-being can be understood as human insecurity which can include impoverishment, illiteracy, illness and physical violence. This research investigates the impact of FDI in mining on human security of local communities in Indonesia and why this matters. Moreover, it also examines how the Indonesian state mediates the balance between attracting FDI whilst also ensuring human security. The research follows the Japanese approach to human security which focuses on freedom from want or a need-based approach.

Jing Cheng

Chinese Cyber Nationalism: The Discursive Construction of Chinese Nationalism in the Internet Era

Jing's research focuses on the rise of Chinese nationalism on the Internet, the anti-Japanese nationalism in particular. It attempts to build an inter-disciplinary conceptual framework and move beyond the dichotomy between the top-down official nationalism and the bottom-up popular nationalism. Specifically, her research looks into how the notion of Self and Other is represented discursively in online forums and blogs, and how the "mythscape" of the past is (re)constructed in the negotiations and interactions between officials, intellectuals and netizens. By adopting Critical Discourse Analysis, the study attempts to explore the complex nature of Chinese nationalism and uncover the underlying power dynamics between elite and non-elite actors in contemporary China.

Dr. Eadie currently teaches War, Peace and Terror at PG level. This module examines ideas of critical security, specifically the Copenhagen School and the notion of human security. She also teaches The Theory and Practice of Diplomacy at PG level. At UG level she teaches on the Global Security module at second year level and Problems in Global Politics at level one.

M12005 - Global Security

M14084/5 - War, Peace and Terror

M11006 - Problems in Global Politics

Past Research

I was a member of the People's International Observer's Mission (PIOM) for the Philippines National Elections in May 2010. This was a non-partisan organization of nearly 100 international observers plus many Filipinos. We were assigned to bear witness to the effectiveness of the newly automated voting system, the first of its kind in Asia. Findings were published in the European Journal of East Asian Studies (please see publications).

  • EADIE, PAULINE, 2016. 'Counter-terrorism, Smart Power and the United States' Global Policy.
  • ATIENZA, MARIA ELA, EADIE, PAULINE and TAN-MULLINS, MAY, 2016. Poverty Alleviation in the Wake of Typhoon Yolanda: Workshop Findings Available at: <http://www.projectyolanda.org/project-yolanda/documents/working-paper-i.pdf>
  • EADIE, PAULINE, ATIENZA, MARIA ELA and TAN-MULLINS, MAY, 2016. Poverty Alleviation in the Wake of Typhoon Yolanda, Fieldwork:: Working Paper II Available at: <https://www.academia.edu/27126491/Poverty_Alleviation_in_the_Wake_of_Typhoon_Yolanda_1_Fieldwork_Working_Paper_II>
  • EADIE, PAULINE, 2015. Smart Power, Military Transformation and the United States-Philippine Joint Balikatan Exercises. In: EADIE, PAULINE AND REES, WYN, ed., The Evolution of Military Power in the West and Asia: Security Policy in the Post-Cold War Era Taylor and Francis. 256
  • EADIE, PAULINE and REES, WYN, eds., 2015. The Evolution of Military Power in the West and Asia: Security Policy in the Post-Cold War Era Taylor and Francis.
  • EADIE, PAULINE, 2013. 'The Philippine 2010 National Elections, Perception and Reality' European Journal East Asian Studies. 12(1), 55-79
  • EADIE, P.E., 2011. Legislating for terrorism: the Philippines' Human Security Act 2007 Journal of Terrorism Research. 2(3), 24-33
  • EADIE, PAULINE, 2011. Introduction: Labour Issues in Asia and the Diaspora Global Society. 25(1),
  • EADIE, P., 2007. Poverty, security and the Janus-faced state British Journal of Politics and International Relations. 9(4), 636–653
  • EADIE, PAULINE, 2007. Introduction Cambridge Review of International Affairs. 20(2), 211-213
  • EADIE, P.E., 2005. Poverty and the critical security agenda Aldershot: Ashgate.
  • EADIE, P.E. and PETTIFORD, L., 2005. The natural environment. In: HAYNES, J., ed., Palgrave advances in development studies Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 181-200
  • EADIE, P.E., ed., 2005. Foreign policies of the major powers: politics and diplomacy since World War II IB.Tauris, London.

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