Neuroimaging uses medical imaging technology to study the structure and function of the brain for medicine and in particular for neuroscience and psychology.
Specifically imaging technology allows us to study:
- Anatomy with different contrasts sensitive to different components of tissues
- Functional activation in terms of fMRI (the BOLD effect which depends on changes in blood oxygenation and blood flow) and electrical activity monitored by MEG (Magnetoencephalography) and EEG (Electroencephalography)
- Physiology in particular blood flow
- Metabolism and biochemistry using magnetic resonance spectroscopy