Different approaches to Karel Čapek’s travel writing
Different approaches to Karel Čapek’s travel writing
Fostering Simulation-based Learning in Medical Education with Collaboration Script
Active participation of learners is considered a major benefit of simulation-based learning. However, in most courses only few persons can act simultaneously in the simulator while the remaining group observes the running scenario. We investigated how these observation phases can be instructionally designed for more active participation. Research in educational psychology suggests the use of collaboration scripts to structure these observation phases. A collaboration script is an instruction tha
Using visualizations to teach problem-solving skills in mathematics: Which kind of visualization wor
In the experiment described in this paper we investigated the effects of different kinds of computer-based visualizations on the acquisition of problem-solving skills in the domain of probability theory. Learners received either purely text-based worked examples, text plus an instruction to mentally imagine the examples contents, or they could retrieve either static pictures or concrete animations that depicted the problem statement and the problem states achieved by applying a specific solut
Understanding weblog communities through digital traces: a framework, a tool and an example
Often research on online communities could be compared to archaeology : researchers look at patterns in digital traces that members leave to characterise the community they belong to. Relatively easy access to these traces and a growing number of methods and tools to collect and analyse them make such analysis increasingly attractive. However, a researcher is faced with the difficult task of choosing which digital artefacts and which relations between them should be taken into account, and h
Learning a New Game: Usability, Gender and Education
This research study aims to investigate the usability issues of a computer game; regarding how people learn a new game. Because the user characteristic and the strategies they use while learning a new tool are important factors for usability, they were also taken into account in the study. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in the study. 16 participants played the computer game. They were also observed and their eye-movements were recorded by an eye tracking device. Results show
Students' adaptation to a new situation:
the design of an experimental procedure
Different studies (Arce and Betancourt, 1997; Séré, 2002) emphasize the importance of the task of experimental procedure design in a learning context. However, the required design is a difficult task for students (Séré and Beney, 1997). Consequently, students are hardly ever allowed to design their own experiment. The study by Tiberghien et al. (2001) showed that to learn how to plan an investigation in order to address a specific question or problem was the least frequent process object
Effects of pictures, age and experience on learning to use a computer program
This study examines the effects of pictures of screen captures and input devices on documentation for older novices. There was no main effect of pictures, but there were statistically significant interactions between the type of picture and the factors of age and computer experience. As predicted, the most optimized designsthe ones presenting screen capturesmoderated the negative effects of age. We argue that screen captures help reduce two problems in the cognitive area that are especially
Risk Characterization -- Putting it All Together Fall 2007
Nuclear Engineering 175: Methods of Risk Analysis - Fall 07. Methodological approaches for the quantification of technological risk and risk based decision making. Probabilistic safety assessment, human health risks, environmental and ecological risk analysis.
Anxiety Disorders I from the course Clinical Psychology
Clinical Psychology - Fall 2006. This course offers theoretical and empirical approaches to the explanation of psychological dysfunction. The relation between theories of psychopathology and theories of intervention. A critical evaluation of the effects of individual, family, and community approaches to therapeutic and preventive intervention. Thematic focus of the course may change from year to year. See department notices for details.
Video-as-Data and Digital Video Manipulation Techniques for Transforming
Learning Sciences Research,
This chapter concerns the theoretical and empirical foundations and current progress of the Digital Interactive Video Exploration and Reflection (DIVER) Project at Stanford University. The DIVER Project aspires to accelerate cultural appropriation of video as a fluid expressive medium for generating, sharing, and critiquing different perspectives on the same richly recorded events and to work with others to establish a Digital Video Collaboratory (DVC) that enables cumulative knowledge building
Presents major nutritional problems that influence the health, survival, and developmental capacity of populations in developing societies. Covers approaches implemented at the household, community, national, and international levels to improve nutritional status. Explores the degree to which malnutrition can be prevented or reduced prior to achieving full economic development through targeted public and private sector interventions that address the causes of malnutrition.
Basic Political Concepts
The goal of BASIC POLITICAL CONCEPTS is to provide exactly what the title suggests: a small set of carefully defined and interrelated words that can be used to describe and analyze a wide range of political phenomena and issues.
The Collaboratory Notebook
Information and Service Design Symposium
The UC Berkeley School of Information hosts a symposium to launch the new Information and Service Design (ISD) program at the I School. The symposium features the best graduate student papers on the Information and Services Economy. Introducing the ISD Program and the Symposium AnnaLee Saxenian, Dean, School of Information Bob Glushko, Adjunct Professor, School of Information Christo Sims - Defining Services for Designers This paper is part of a larger effort to improve methodologies for servic
A Concise Introduction to Narrative Learning Environments
This report introduces the main concepts related to Narrative Learning Environments, discussing what role they can have in education and how they can be shaped and analysed.,Research Report
A Woman's Work: Mary Lease Celebrates Women Populists
Women are not often thought of in association with the Populists, but the best-known orator of the movement in the early 1890s was a woman, Mary Elizabeth Lease. Born in Pennsylvania in 1850 to Irish parents, Lease became a school teacher in Kansas in 1870. She and her husband, a pharmacist, spent ten years trying to make a living farming, but finally gave up in 1883 and settled in Wichita. Lease entered political life as a speaker for the Irish National League, and later emerged as a leader of
The Chicken or the Egg: Agency and Autonomy in Informed Consent
One of the fastest growing global markets is pharmaceutical sales. With changing political landscapes and an increased awareness of new customers worldwide, sales have increased in Eastern Europe, Asia, and especially Latin America. As researches expand into countries with poor socio-economic and political infrastructures, guidelines such as the Helsinki Declaration, the Nuremburg Code, and the Belmot principles are being challenged. Regulatory and ethical guidelines have not
4.370 Interrogative Design Workshop (MIT)
"Parrhesia" was an Athenian right to frank and open speaking, the right that, like the First Amendment, demands a "fearless speaker" who must challenge political powers with criticism and unsolicited advice. Can designer and artist respond today to such a democratic call and demand? Is it possible to do so despite the (increasing) restrictions imposed on our liberties today? Can the designer or public artist operate as a proactive "parrhesiatic" agent and contribute to the protection, developmen
Frontline: dreams of Tibet
The accompanying online resource to the PBS Frontline programme, Dreams of Tibet, introduces users to the political, religious, and cultural background of this still contentious region, governed by the Chinese state. From the main page, users can: read interviews with historians and public figures (explaining their attitude towards Tibet and Buddhism); read book excerpts and official reports on China's relationship with Tibet; read about contemporary and historical expeditions to Tibet; and lear
Sports and Spine Physicians To view the full Inside Access program, go to Inside Access
Active lifestyles range from hard-driving athletes to parents playing ballwith their kids. When injury or illness takes away the ability to pursue those activities, it affects both physical and emotional health. The UW Medicine Sports and Spine Physicians team is dedicated to restoring maximum function so their patients can be fit for life. .
To view the full Inside Access program, go to Inside Access