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Introduction

This unit offers a review of psychological research and practice aimed at understanding and explaining autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) and helping people who have them. The discussion ranges from problems of identification and diagnosis, through theoretical research into causes, to an evaluation of selected therapeutic approaches. The chapter highlights the diversity of perspectives that exist in this area. It draws on the personal testimony of people with autism and their families, as wel
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6.2 Shaping knowledge

It seems inevitable that any understandings we have will have been shaped and influenced by other (past and present) members of the same culture(s) we belong to. Most of these influences ‘just happen’: they arise out of our experiences as part of a culture whose members have had their experiences and shared them over many centuries. However, knowledge can also be deliberately influenced by powerful elements within a society: as we saw in Section 5.3, the church suppressed Galileo's r
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5.7 Summary

This section of the unit has made you aware that:

  • science is formed by a community of practice, creating knowledge and requiring a special language for its communication;

  • there is a difference between objective scientific methods and subjective ways of knowing;

  • political power influences scientific discoveries, and scientific knowledge is always socially embedded;

  • public understanding and perception of scien
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5.5 How society constructs scientific thinking

To understand science, it is important that we appreciate the contexts in which discoveries are made or suppressed. We can see from the account on the previous page that human understanding of the universe has changed significantly over time. The social and political climate in which scientists work has always had a profound influence on what can and cannot be said, done, published or even postulated as worthy of further investigation. (You could undertake a similar study of the debates on hu
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5.2 Scientists as a community of practice

Science has been described as involving observation, description, categorisation, investigation, experimentation and formation of theoretical explanations for naturally occurring phenomena – activities performed by scientists using scientific methods.

Jacob Bronowski (1973) said, ‘That is the essence of science: ask an impertinent question, and you are on the way to a pertinent answer’ – an apt way to put it, as with science, we set off from a starting point of curiosity an
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4.3 What about communities?

The last activity looked at the key roles from the perspective of Lynne and Arthur as individuals, but in fact it also says that working with ‘families, carers, groups and communities’ is necessary. Do you think that Dev should also be taking account of the Durrants as a family, as carers and as members of a community? Dev's role in assessing Arthur's needs means that he should also take account of his family circumstances, in other words, Lynne and perhaps her sister. Lynne also has
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Poetic Imagery - An Exercise
Notes and exercises concerning poetic imagery and literary.
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The Forecast Factory
The Forest Factory classroom exercise is an introduction to the topic of weather forecasting. Students role-play the various elements in forecasting process such as equations, announcers, data analysts, and airplanes. By following the script, the students will summarize the entire process in a single class period. This lesson plan is well suited to large classes in lecture-hall settings. This Starting Point website provides a discussion and summary of this teaching method as well as extensions t
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Sergei Gukov, Quantization and Categorification, Lecture 2
Both "quantization" and "categorification" have influenced many recent developments in pure mathematics and modern mathematical physics, ranging from applications in knot theory to geometric representation theory. Yet, these deep and fundamental concepts can be explained in simple and concrete examples, which will be one of the main goals in my lectures. I will follow a "hands-on" approach, aimed at understanding explicit calculations in addition to learning the general theory. For example, we
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2012 African Health OER Network Impact Study

The current impact study follows on from two earlier evaluations of the project.

A formative evaluation of the Design Phase completed at the end of 2009 focused mainly on OER ‘take-up’ and production in the partner institutions (OER Africa 2009). This evaluation concluded that expectations and contractual targets had been met, or exceed
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Dividing Positive and Negative Numbers - Khan Academy
Basics of dividing with negative numbers. (04:52)
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A Look at The Reader's Workshop: Part 1
This video shows a teacher conducting a mini-lesson, a key element in the Reader's Workshop program. The video includes teachers providing background information and their reflections on the mini-lesson portion of the program.  ( 9:31)
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Solar Grid Parity - Hard or Soft Landing?
By: icamp2012school Solar Grid Parity - Hard or Soft Landing? Rick Gilliam, Vote Solar
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Strawkets and Thrust
In this activity, students investigate the effect that thrust has on rocket flight. Students will make two paper rockets that they can launch themselves by blowing through a straw. These "strawkets" will differ in diameter, such that students will understand that a rocket with a smaller exit nozzle will provide a larger thrust. Students have the opportunity to compare the distances traveled by their two strawkets after predicting where they will land. Since each student will have a slightly diff
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DFT as a Matrix Operation
This module introduces linear algebra, DFT, FFT, matrix and vector.
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Reading and Writing
Ideas for alternative approaches to reading and writing in a classroom context.
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The Writing Process
Outlines the steps involved in the writing process approach.
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Peer Conferencing in the Classroom
Lesson where children are encouraged to respond to a piece of writing in a constructive manner.
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Writing - Creating Interesting Leads
Lesson encouraging children to discuss the strategies used by authors to create a lead that draws readers into the story. They are encouraged to consider these strategies when creating their own leads.
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Writing - The Use of Speech Marks
Lesson focusing on the use of dialogue in stories and how it can be used effectively in a piece of writing.
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