The Metaphor of Networks in Learning: Communities, Collaboration and Practice
This paper explores the use of the network metaphor and the way in which it relates to Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) and Communities of Practice. The idea of networked learning stresses the interactopn of learners, tutors and their resources through networks. The arguments put in this article are firstly that learning technology needs to take account of the wider debate about networks and secondly that research in this field needs to address the theoretical and practical issue
Interdisciplinary approach for the design of a learning environment
This paper presents our interdisciplinary approach for the design of a technology-based learning environment for orthopaedic surgery. We present how the didactical analysis of teaching and learning in workplace gives a framework to build the computational representation of knowledge. This analysis is shown within the context of the apprenticeship of concepts of anatomy and orthopaedic surgery.
Is There a Policy for Networked Learning?
Networked learning is part of an emergent networked society. As such networked learning forms part of a wider debate concerning the nature of social processes, power and culture and their relationships with technology. The literature surrounding networked learning still reflects a technological determinist view. This paper takes issue with this view of the relationship between technology and social forms. The context of higher education has been changing alongside the introduction of new technol
For a renewed academy industry research partnership
The joint venture between the academic research on learning technology and industry along the past decade shares similarity with the gold rush: great effort for a too small outcome. From all the energy spent, “acadustry” has emerged; a chimerical community of practice, merging academic and industry objectives and traditions. The relevance and fruitfulness of this new community is questionable. This presentation will suggest revisiting the orientation of the eLearning research policy, taking
Levels of Web-Based Discussion: Theory of Perspective-Taking as a Tool for Analyzing Interaction.
The aim of this paper is to present a model how the level of web-based discussion can be analyzed. The model has been developed in an empirical study where we examined the quality of asynchronous interaction in web-based conferencing. Because all successful communication presumes perspective-taking skills and reciprocal understanding among the participants, we studied whether the students are able to reach in reciprocal interaction and thus create educationally relevant high-level web-based disc
Overview of e-learning standards
The following article presents an overview of the different standards developing in the eLearning sector. As any new technology, eLearning and its various functionalities need to be underpinned by a standard reference schema. The existence of such a standard is mandatory for the development of a new technology, as it allows the interoperability of resources that would otherwise be incompatible. Interoperability is the keyword here, and its lack is the main barrier to resource exchange and sharin
What do you mean by collaborative learning?
EMLs : case study in distance learning education
After a short characterization of what an educational modeling language should be, we will deal with the respective interest of two EML proposals : one proposed by OUNL (OUNL/EML and IMS/LD which is derived from it) and one proposed by UNED (PALO). We will then identify reasons that lead us to choose OUNL/EML for experimentation in distance learning education in order to model our scenario. Finally we will present some limitations or extensions we have identified.
Understanding the structure of the set of rational numbers: a conceptual change approach.
In the present article, we argue that the conceptual change approach to learning can apply in the case of mathematics, taking into consideration the particular nature of mathematical knowledge and the neurobiological bases of mathematical cognition. In the empirical study that is reported in this article, we investigated ninth graders' understanding of algebraic and structural properties of rational numbers, from a conceptual change perspective. We make the point that understanding rational numb
COW, a Flexible Platform for the Enactment of Learning Scenarios
Open and Distance Learning platforms are more than system delivering pedagogical ressources. They require mechanisms for the enactment and coordination of pedagogical modules and learning activities. A common solution to express learning paths in learning management systems (LMS) can be the use of Educational Modelling Languages (EML). The next step will be the enactment of these models. For that purpose, workflow management system can be used. These systems formerly reserved for highly structur
Student's modelling with a lattice of conceptions in the domain of linear equations and inequations
We present a student's modelling process in algebra which consists of two phases. The first phase is a local diagnosis where a student's transformation of an expression A into an expression B is diagnosed with a sequence of rewriting rules. A library of correct and incorrect rules has been built for that purpose. The second phase uses a lattice of conceptions built for modelling students more globally. Conceptions are attributed to students according to a mechanism using the local diagnoses as i
Approche auteur pour les Situations Actives d'Apprentissage : Scénarios, Suivi et Ingénierie
Not available,Mémoire d'Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, spécialité informatique, Université Joseph Fourier – Grenoble 1, Laboratoire CLIPS- IMAG, Grenoble, 22 Octobre 2005
Interaction between learner's internal and external representations in multimedia environment: a sta
Not available,Research report of the Kaleidoscope Network of Excellence (IST 507838), Deliverable 21.1.1.
Exploiting distance technology to foster experimental design as a neglected learning objective in la
This article deals with the design process of a remote laboratory for labwork in chemistry. In particular, it focuses on the mutual dependency of theoretical conjectures about learning in the experimental sciences and technological opportunities in creating learning environments. The design process involves a detailed analysis of the expert task and knowledge, e.g., spectrophotometry as a method for the determination of the concentration of a compound in a solution. In so doing, modifications in
A Tailorable Collaborative Learning System that Combines OGSA Grid Services and IMS-LD Scripting
This paper presents Gridcole, a new collaborative learning system that can be easily tailored by educators in order to support their own CSCL scenarios, using computing services provided by third parties in the form of OGSA grid services. Educators employ scripts in order to describe the sequence of learning activities and required tools, with standard IMS-LD notation. Thus, through the integration of coarse-grained tools, that may even offer supercomputing capabilities or use specific hardware
Students' and teachers' perceptions of motivation and learning through the use in schools of multime
This article is the result of interviews with teachers, students, and school librarians in eight UK secondary schools regarding their use of multimedia encyclopaedias on CD-ROM. It focuses on a content analysis of their comments on how having access to multimedia encyclopaedias changes the way students work and learn in school, how they perceive it enhances their learning, and how it hinders it. Teachers reported that they used multimedia encyclopaedias as an additional information resource, or
A comparison of preferred learning styles, approaches and methods between information science and co
In recent years the two disciplines of Information and Library Studies and Computing Science have drawn closer together to the extent that now there are several Universities where they are combined in a single school of Information and Computing Science or Informatics. Currently, a single Higher Education Academy Subject Centre serves the two disciplines. However, there are marked differences between the disciplines observable immediately in the gender balance of their respective undergraduate c
State of the art of interaction analysis for Metacognitive Support & Diagnosis
The document concerns Computer Based Interaction Analysis that could support technology based learning activities' participants (e.g. students, teachers) or observers (e.g. teachers, researchers). The underlying considerations and analyses focus on interactions that occur via technology based Learning Environments, designed for stand alone use or collaborative use. Special emphasis is given on Interactions Analysis (IA) outputs that could support learning activities' participants in cognitive an
State of the art on Interaction and Collaboration Analysis
The document focuses on students-machine or students-students' interactions analysis that could support students & teachers, when students work in stand-alone mode or in collaborative technology based learning environments. The document concerns the State of the art on the interaction analysis dimensions and approaches that are already applied. The appropriateness of these approaches is related to the learning environments features, the user's profile, the learning activities, and the context of
Taking Programming into Kindergartens: Exploratory Research Activities Using ToonTalk
We believe that computers should be introduced in kindergarten education under the same philosophy and methods employed for other elements of modern society. Children should be familiar with computers in general, not just with specific sets of skills. We see computer programming in particular as a way to empower children, allowing them to grasp fundamental computing concepts, and not fearing to use a computer in novel ways; they should be able to approach the computer-tool as an adaptable tool,