Healthy People 2010 disease prevalence in the Marshfield Clinic Personalized Medicine Research Proje
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Healthy People 2010 disease conditions in a large population-based cohort in central Wisconsin (WI, USA) and to consider how these conditions can be prioritized for research based on the use of healthcare services, the prevalence of various disease states and the resulting study power. Methods: Healthy People 2010 diagnoses were estimated for participants in the Personalized Medicine Research Project (PMRP), a large popula
Canary in a Coal Mine (MWV16)
Coral reefs are dying a death of a thousand cuts and their disappearance threatens not only the incredibly diverse ecosystem that depends on them, but also human health and welfare. In this episode of MicrobeWorld Video marine scientists Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Ph.D., chair of marine studies at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia, and Kiho Kim, Ph.D., director of the environmental studies program at American University, explain the important relationship between microbes and corals,
Prostate Cancer Screening Decision Making Under Controversy: Implications for Health Promotion Pract
Prostate cancer is a major health problem for U.S. men and is characterized by paradoxes and controversies. Despite the wide availability of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, prostate cancer screening remains a controversial practice mainly because the direct impact of screening on mortality is not yet proven. As the relative value of screening, early detection, and treatment strategies continue to be debated, glaring racial-ethnic disparities persist with African American men experienci
Ensuring Community-Level Research Protections
Community-Campus Partnerships for Health (CCPH) and the Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care (the Bioethics Center) sponsored an Educational Conference Call Series on Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) and Ethical Issues in Research that took place between February 2007 and June 2007, which advanced their shared goal of meaningfully involving communities in decisions made about every aspect of research. The call series was intended to increase understandi
Guidelines for Teaching Middle and High School Students to Read and Write Well
Most classroom teachers work hard planning lessons, choosing materials, teaching classes, working with individual students, and assessing student progress. Yet some schools and teachers seem to be more successful than others. What makes the difference? This booklet is designed for middle and high school teachers and administrators who wish to improve their English programs. Guidelines for Teaching Middle and High School Students to Read and Write Well draw upon a series of research reports and c
Poverty and Elimination of Urban Health Disparities Challenge and Opportunity
The aim of this article is to examine the intersection of race and poverty, two critical factors fueling persistent racial and ethnic health disparities among urban populations. From the morass of social determinants that shape the health of racial and ethnic communities in our urban centers, we will offer promising practices and potential solutions to eliminating racial and ethnic health disparities.
A New Tool for Epidemiology: The Usefulness of Dynamic Agent Models in Understanding Place Effects o
A major focus of recent work on the spatial patterning of health has been the study of how features of residential environments or neighborhoods may affect health. Place effects on health emerge from complex interdependent processes in which individuals interact with each other and their environment and in which both individuals and environments adapt and change over time. Traditional epidemiologic study designs and statistical regression approaches are unable to examine these dynamic processes.
The Redistricting Game is designed to educate, engage and empower citizens around the issue of political redistricting. Currently, the political system in most states allows the state legislators themselves to draw the lines. This system is subject to a wide range of abuses and manipulations that encourage incumbents to draw districts which protect their seats rather than risk an open contest. By explore how the system works, as well as how open it is to abuse, The Redistricting Game allows play
The Reversal of Fortunes: Trends in County Mortality and Cross-County Mortality Disparities in the U
Background Counties are the smallest unit for which mortality data are routinely available, allowing consistent and comparable long-term analysis of trends in health disparities. Average life expectancy has steadily increased in the United States but there is limited information on longterm mortality trends in the US counties This study aimed to investigate trends in county mortality and cross-county mortality disparities, including the contributions of specific diseases to county level mortalit
Progesterone vs. Progestin
Dr. Elise Schroeder, ZRT Laboratory Clinical Consultant, talks about the difference between progesterone and progestins, terms which are often used interchangeably by mistake.
Economic analysis of electric energy storage
This thesis presents a cost analysis of grid-connected electric energy storage. Various battery energy storage technologies are considered in the analysis. Life-cycle cost analysis is used. The results are presented in term of incremental cost of electricity stored and discharged, in US$/kWh,Thesis (M.S.)--Wichita State University, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering.,"May 2006.",Includes bibliographic references (leaves 47-49)
A Debate about the Definition of 'Britishness'
As the composition of British society transforms with immigration and transnational identities, ideas about the notion of 'Britishness' are changing too. In the interest of a cohesive citizenry, must the UK return to 'core British values'? Or should Britain's identity change with its population? Should a British identity even exist? Sir Bernard Crick is emeritus professor of Birkbeck College and author of Life in the United Kingdom: A Journey to Citizenship, the basis for the UK citizenship exam
Enhancing early literacy skills of pre-kindergarteners with histories of expressive phonological imp
Seven boys who had received intervention for highly unintelligible speech were tested for metaphonological awareness skills and alphabetic knowledge at the beginning of the summer prior to their entering kindergarten. Five of these boys participated in 12 small-group [2-hour] sessions that incorporated lessons from a comprehensive multisensory early literacy program. Two of the seven boys were not able to participate in the sessions because of summer activity conflicts. Post-treatment scores wer
The Ideas that are Changing Politics
There has been an extraordinary surge in the study of behaviour from evolutionary biologists, neurologists and game theorists, but this has been largely divorced from the political debate. David Willetts will draw on the latest research from these disciplines to explain what Government can and cannot do to influence our behaviour. David Willetts is shadow secretary of state for innovation, universities and skills and has been the MP for Havant since 1992. He was shadow secretary of state for wor
Morphological variation of the proximal femur in selected skeletal remains
The purpose of this thesis is to examine the structural variation of the proximal femur in human skeletal samples. The goal was to investigate and further describe the morphology of the proximal femur through quantitative observation. Subsets of measurements were used to calculate platymeric indices, which demonstrate the presence or absence of platymeria in a population. Metric analyses of the femur were also used to study size and shape differences in populations for indications of sexual dimo
Evaluating cardiac gene expression in maternal phenylketonuria offspring
Maternal phenylketonuria (MPKU) is a teratogenic syndrome, caused by development of offspring in a uterine environment made toxic by the metabolic imbalance of PKU. The birth defects resulting from untreated MPKU include microcephaly with concomitant mental retardation, growth retardation, and congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects have been identified and characterized in MPKU offspring, using the BTBR-PAHenu2 mouse MPKU model. Subsequently, this mouse model was used to start invest
InfoShock: WSU Libraries Employee Newsletter (2006)
A semi-weekly news bulletin of Wichita State University Libraries activities published by the Libraries Operations Council.,Combined into monthly issues.
The effects of phonotactic and orthotactic probabilities on orthographic fast-mapping in kindergarte
The purpose of this study was to investigate how the linguistic components of phonotactic and orthotactic probability affected children’s ability to fast-map orthographic information and whether orthographic processing explained unique variance on children’s literacy skills above and beyond that of phonological processing. Moreover, the current study examined whether kindergarten children with and without typical language abilities were differentially affected by linguistic processes on read
Where the two kingdoms merge: the struggle for balance between national and religious identity among
When the German Reich was created in 1871, it was an artificial construct born of Hohenzollern power projection and not of nationalism. Otto von Bismarck’s Realpolitik used the power of nationalism to unite Germans behind the Kaiser, but also divisively to keep liberals and potential opponents of the Kaiser firmly divided. The Kulturkampf was one such set of policies that attempted to suppress Catholic political authority while dividing Germany’s religious groups against one another. The Kul
"What is it?" Exploring the roles of women throughout Raymond Carver’s short fiction
A majority of critics examine Raymond Carver’s fiction in terms of minimalism, but in this thesis, I highlight the themes in Carver’s work rather than emphasize the format. Many women in Carver’s work contrast the futility of their male counterparts by showing a determination to move on with their lives. By looking at each of Carver’s major collections of short stories, one may find a progression in the way women react to the hopeless situations in their lives. Carver’s early stories,