21H.101 American History to 1865 (MIT)
This course focuses on a basic history of American social, economic, and political development from the colonial period through the Civil War. The colonial heritages of Spanish and British America; the American Revolution and its impact; the establishment and growth of the new nation; and the Civil War, its background, character, and impact are examined. Readings include writings of the period by Winthrop, Paine, Jefferson, Madison, W. H. Garrison, G. Fitzhugh, H. B. Stowe, and Lincoln.
17.01J Justice (MIT)
This course explores three fundamental questions about the ideal of a just society and the place of values of liberty and equality in such a society. Answers to the questions provided by three contemporary theories of justice: Utilitarianism, Libertarianism, and Egalitarian Liberalism will be examined. To assess the strengths and weaknesses of these theories, a discussion of their implications for some topics of ongoing moral-political controversy will also be covered.
STS.042J Einstein, Oppenheimer, Feynman: Physics in the 20th Century (MIT)
This class explores the changing roles of physics and physicists during the 20th century. Topics range from relativity theory and quantum mechanics to high-energy physics and cosmology. The course also examines the development of modern physics within shifting institutional, cultural, and political contexts, such as physics in Imperial Britain, Nazi Germany, U.S. efforts during World War II, and physicists' roles during the Cold War.
17.955 Civil Society, Social Capital, and the State in Comparative Perspective (MIT)
In recent years both scholars and policymakers have expressed a remarkable amount of interest in the concepts of social capital and civil society. A growing body of research suggests that the social networks, community norms, and associational activities signified by these concepts can have important effects on social welfare, political stability, economic development, and governmental performance. This discussion based course examines the roles played by these networks, norms, and organizations
Tocqueville's New Political Science: Address by Professor Harvey Mansfield
Professor Mansfield discusses Tocquevillian political theory and its intrinsic connection to practice.
Visual French - The Shops (#4)
The instructor pronounces the names of shops in this brief video. There is no English. (An image is shown, however, if the viewer doesn't know what the building is, the viewer will know the French word, but may not know the corresponding English word.)
Military Occupations: An Interview with David Edelstein
Security studies professor David Edelstein discusses his book 'Occupational Hazards: Successes and Failure in Military Occupation,' which examines 26 cases of outside powers seizing control.
"Hamdan v. Rumsfeld and the Fight over Presidential Power" (video)
A talk by Jonathan Mahler and Neal Katyal. In his latest book, The Challenge: Hamdan v. Rumsfeld and the Fight over Presidential Power, Jonathan Mahler chronicles the challenge to the assertion of presidential power in the designation of enemy combatants. Written with the cooperation of the attorneys who represented Hamdan, Lt. Commander Charles Swift and G
The Other 9/11: Faith, Hope and the Media (with Simon Cohen)
What is the role and responsibility of the media in a post 9/11 era? How can we protect ourselves from images that leave us feeling helpless, fearful and insecure? In his presentation, Simon Cohen, Managing Director of the London-based Global Tolerance, drew out the example of the other 9/11; September 11, 1906, when Gandhi first deployed his method of nonviolent resistance. By comparing both anniversaries and their legacies he explored the unparalleled power of the media to influence perception
17.523 Ethnicity and Race in World Politics (MIT)
Discerning the ethnic and racial dimensions of politics is considered by some indispensable to understanding contemporary world politics. This course seeks to answer fundamental questions about racial and ethnic politics. To begin, what are the bases of ethnic and racial identities? What accounts for political mobilization based upon such identities? What are the political claims and goals of such mobilization and is conflict between groups and/or with government forces inevitable? How do ethnic
Islam and Liberal Democracy: How Tradition Matters (with An-Na'im, Jackson, Moosa, Esposito)
The Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding and the Berkley Center sponsored a seminar with leading scholars to address how tradition matters in Islamic political thought today. The wide-ranging discussion considered how the Islamic tradition - including the Qur'an, the life and sayings of the Prophet, and diverse legal schools - relates to the idea of a liberal democratic state.
Proselytism and Religious Freedom: The Political Implications of Proselytism (with Al-Marayati, Daug
In the context of a globalizing world marked by the freer flow of people and ideas, proselytism has become increasingly controversial. On March 3, 2010, the Berkley Center sponsored a day-long symposium on proselytism and religious freedom in the 21st century. Experts from a variety of scholarly and policy fields investigated the theological, legal, and political implications of the missionary impulse.
Debating the War of Ideas: (with Afsaruddin, Ahmed, Phares and Patterson)
Debating the War of Ideas is a new book that brings together competing voices from across continents, religions, and political persuasions to present their understanding of the strife within the Muslim world and/or between Islamic and Western traditions?the ideas that so many around the globe believe are worth fighting, killing, and even dying for. This event included a panel discussion with chapter contributors Asma Afsaruddin, Akbar Ahmed, Walid Phares, Eric Patterson, and others.
Afghanistan's Religious Landscape: Politicizing the Sacred (with Kristian Berg Harpviken)
Afghanistan?s thirty years of war have seen the gradual and heavy politicization of religion, transforming the lanscape of religious authority, political process, and the Afghan statebuilding project.
Clearing the energy slums
Policy makers cannot walk and chew gum. Crises are handled one by one with the most immediate driving all the rest off the agenda. However, Nick Butler, Chairman of the Centre for Energy Studies at Judge Business School, argues that by using public policy, such as tax reliefs, to induce private investment in the development of clean, low carbon technology, Government could simultaneously address need and opportunity and in so doing, help avert recession.
Personality and values
Welcome to ‘Personality and Values’, one of several ‘Futures’ workbooks, which help you choose and prepare a career route after graduation. Like the other workbooks in the series you can dip in and out doing the exercises which are most relevant to you. You might want to include the exercises or the output in your personal development plan or e-portfolio The aim of this workbook is to help you to clarify or identify your personality type and work values as a step toward choosing work
Patri Friedman on Seasteading
Patri Friedman, Executive Director of the Seasteading Institute, talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about seasteading, the creation of autonomous ocean communities as an alternative to existing political and cultural forms. Topics discussed include the political and economic viability of seasteading, risks of piracy, the aesthetics of living on the ocean, and the potential impact of seasteading on conventional governments.
The devil's in the details - regulating financial innovation
With elections in India in a few months, the war on terror must be squarely at the centre of the political agenda. Not far away will be regulation of finance. As Sonia Gandhi put it, the poor had nothing to do with fancy sounding financial instruments. The livelihoods of the poor are at great risk now that financial globalisation has spread the damaging effects of some types of innovative finance across the world. Dr Paul Kattuman looks at the unintended consequences of complex, unproven financi
Gridlock: why global cooperation is failing when we need it most [Audio]
Speaker(s): Thomas Hale, Professor David Held, Kevin Young | This event grapples with the causes and consequences of the failure of leadership and negotiations across leading sectors of international concern: security, the economy and environment. It examines worrying scenarios of continuing gridlock and pathways that might lead beyond it. Thomas Hale is a postdoctoral research fellow, Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University. Professor David Held is master of the University College, Du
Newman on Low-wage Workers
Katherine Newman, Professor of Sociology at Princeton University, talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about Newman's case studies of fast-food workers in Harlem. Newman discusses the evolution of their careers and fortunes over time along with their dreams and successes and failures. The conversation concludes with lessons for public policy in aiding low-wage workers.