This extract is concerned primarily with the chemistry that underpins the operation of the three-way catalytic converter that is placed in the exhaust systems of motor vehicles in order to reduce the emissions of primary pollutants: carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and volatile organic compounds, including hydrocarbons. Discussion of the various effects of these pollutants and the consequent introduction and refinement of ‘automotive emission regulations’ has not been included, nor is the
Natural Inquirer Meet the Scientists
Students get a chance to see pictures of the actual scientists that performed the science research in the journals. Scientists tell students about their favorite science experiences.
School Effectiveness and Equity: Making Connections
This report is a literature review and summary of two decades of international research into school effectiveness. The review introduces notions of school effectiveness, and presents the types of research usually found under the guise of school effectiveness research (SER). It then goes on to draw out major themes and trends in the literature reviewed.
The Research Informed Practice Site (TRIPS)
The Research Informed Practice Site (TRIPS) provides digests of recent educational research that are intended for practitioners. These are organised by themes and key questions to facilitate access. The site includes a glossary of educational terms.
(R&DA 24) Training Teachers To Work In Urban Schools
An urban education questionnaire survey of 198 trainees, around half of whom would have their first posts in urban schools, and case studies of eight trainees moving towards careers together with analysis examining Urban Education afresh. Supported by a TDA Research and Development Award.
(R&DA 22) Enhancing the Quality of Trainee’s Reflection
This study found the quality of reflection on classroom could be raised with distance learning and face to face trainees. Used a four level framework of analysis for reflection with 165 students in one institution. Supported by a TDA Research and Development Award.
(R&DA 21) Developing Trainee Teachers’ Understanding of Pupils with Special Educational Needs
This TDA Research and Development Award considered how the sensitivity of trainees to special educational needs may be refined by writing from the point of view of pupils with special educational needs. A trial with 230 trainees with one provider was undertaken and changes in perception recorded. The project was supported by a TDA Research and Development Award
(R&DA 18) Connecting Key Stage 2 and Key 3 Foreign Language Provision: Developing Understanding for
This research captures qualitative data about perceptions of current practice in Primary Modern Foreign Language (PMFL). The national policy context is that, by 2010, all primary school children in England should have an entitlement to learn a foreign language. The main issue is how to sustain current PMFL initiatives and ensure that more primary schools are enabled to offer a foreign language.
(R&DA 15) Exploring the factors that impact on newly qualified teachers' use of ICT in teaching Mode
This TTA Research and Development Award set out to explore the use of ICT by newly qualified teachers of modern languages. It aimed to investigate if and how schools capitalize on their newly qualified teachers’ existing knowledge and skills in ICT, acquired during their PGCE programme, whilst providing opportunities for further development as part of their induction entitlement.
Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study: Second Cross-Sectional Survey 2004 - Listening to Young Pe
This is a research report highlighting key findings from the 3rd Annual Report of the Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study, conducted by NfER for DfES.
(R&DA 13) Does school-based initial teacher training affect secondary school performance?
This project uses existing data on school and pupil performance to detect whether the numbers of teachers in training affects pupil performance. It concludes that there is ‘no effect’ with fewer than 10 trainees and positive effects in the 5% of schools with more than 20 trainees. The project was supported by a TDA Research and Development Award.
Factors Influencing the Transfer of Good Practice
Researchers from the University of Sussex and Demos present their findings on how teachers involved in innovative practice may learn from each other. These are based upon qualitative research including a review of research literature, telephone interviews, school visits and in-depth case studies. 120 practitioners were included in the study from a range of schools in England that have tried to transfer good practice within current government programmes.
Gymnastics Reciprocal teaching
Gymnastics Reciprocal teaching I am currently researching the effects of reciprocal teaching in Physical Education (gymnastics), although I am finding it very difficult to find any research. I have been looking for strategies for teaching reciprocal, such as reciprocal teaching cards, although I have not had much luck. Please help.
ADHD I am doing an independent study focusing on children with ADHD. I would like articles with research into how to deal with children with ADHD in the classroom.
(R&DA 11) E-Learning and Communication on a Flexible PGCE
This research and development project report finds that data from one PGCE course indicates a great potential in electronic communication to deliver a flexible PGCE route but that it is expensive to deliver. Integration of full time and flexible routes is suggested as a cost effective solution. Supported by a TDA Research and Development Award (R&DA).
The effect of grammar teaching (syntax) in English on 5 to 16 year olds’ accuracy and quality in w
One of two systematic reviews of research evidence using the EPPI protocol that consider the relationship between grammar teaching and written composition. It concludes that there is insufficient evidence to justify teaching syntax to improve writing.
(R&DA 9) From technology to professional development: How can the use of an interactive whiteboard i
A study of the training needs of teacher trainers and trainees in the use of interactive whiteboards. The study identifies a clear need for the training of trainers as well as trainees in IAW use and makes recommendations. This study was supported by TDA Research and Development Award.
(R&DA 8) The development of English teachers’ professional knowledge in the early years of teachin
This TDA Research & Development Award traced the processes involved in developing English teachers’ professional knowledge through analysis of case studies of six beginning teachers.
(R&DA 5) How do mentors know what they know? An investigation into mentors’ professional knowledge
Evidence from 102 mentors suggests that in addition to knowledge acquired through experience, mentors need to develop additional understandings. A TDA Research and Development Award.
(R&DA 1) Creative Teachers for Creative Learners
This research and development award aimed to support the development of primary trainees teachers’ understanding of – and teaching for - children’s creativity by producing an interactive bank of teaching and learning materials set within a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). It was found that, at the beginning of their programme, primary teacher trainees had a narrow, arts-based view of creativity. This could be challenged by focussed observation of classroom practice using a framework ada