Collaborative Ontological Engineering of Instructional Design Knowledge for an ITS Authoring Environ
Intelligence in an ITS authoring system could rely on content-based engineering of instructional design (ID) knowledge, i.e. based on principles such as conceptualization, standardization and theory -awareness. An ontology - based architecture with appropriate ontologies has been proposed for a theoryaware ITS authoring system. Ontological engineering (OE) as a collaborative process jointly conducted by an OE expert and an ID expert is presented as a step on a roadmap towards a theory-aware ITS
Mastering by the teacher of the instrumental genesis in CAS environments: necessity of instrumental
In this article, we study didactic phenomena identified in integration experiments within our classes, CAS(implemented in calculators). From this study, we show the interest of an instrumental approach to understand the influence of tools on the mathematical approach and on the building of students' knowledge: through a process - instrumental genesis - a calculator becomes a mathematical work tool; this process depends on the tool's constraints and potentialities, on students' knowledge, and on
Analyse didactique de protocoles obtenus dans un EIAH en algèbre
Le micromonde APLUSIX permet de garder des traces de l'activité des élèves qui l'utilisent. En effet, il enregistre, dans leur totalité, aussi bien les événements du clavier, que les actions de la souris. Il est ensuite possible de suivre à l'aide d'un "magnétoscope" les évolutions des élèves. Nous avons conduit des expérimentations destinées à établir un état des lieux des connaissances des élèves en algèbre en début d'année scolaire, dans des classes de troisième, seconde
Intensive case studies for practice across the foundation stage
This paper will provide an introductory overview of the EPPE methodology and findings and focus upon the particular effects of specific teaching and learning practices in pre-schools. Where settings view educational and social development as complementary and equal in importance, children make better all round progress. Freely chosen play activities often provided the best opportunities for adults to extend children’s thinking, but it seems that a balance between child-initiated play and the
Early Career Learning - the LiNEA project. Interim report for Accountancy
This report on the learning and development of trainee accountants covers the first two years of a four-year project funded by the Economic and Social Research Council’s Teaching and Learning Research Programme. Its findings are based on evidence collected from fourteen trainee accountants in their first year of training and from some of their mentors and managers. The main themes have been selected in order to facilitate discussions about the progress of the research with our employer partner
Informal learning in the workplace
This paper focuses mainly on theoretical frameworks for understanding and investigating informal learning in the workplace, which have been developed through a series of large and small scale projects. The main conclusions are included but readers are referred to other publications for more detailed accounts of individual projects. Two types of framework are discussed. The first group seek to deconstruct the “key concepts” of informal learning, learning from experience, tacit knowledge, tran
'Obsessive compulsive font disorder': the challenge of supporting pupils writing with the computer
Writing with the computer provokes and enables pupils to engage with aspects of multimodal design [Multiliteracies: Literacy Learning and the Design of Social Futures, Routledge, London, 2000]. At the same time the traditional stages of the writing process become much more fluid and integrated [Aust. J. Language Literacy 17(3) (1994) 183]. These consequences of technology are not recognised within the curriculum, the assessment system or current models of teaching the writing process in the
What does multimodality mean for English?: creative tensions in teaching new texts and new literacie
The argument for a pedagogy which embraces visual and multimodal representation is well established in academic circles (Kress & Van Leeuwen, 1996; New London Group, 1996; Cope & Kalantzis, 2000) and a plethora of literacies congregate around the ever-expanding subject English as the prime site for innovation and development. This paper will focus on one exploratory case study from the Economic and Social Research Council InterActive Education Project1 to examine how working with multimodal text
Professional learning in the educational research community: initial reflections on the experience o
Research capacity-building is a key element in the political economy of research in the social sciences. This can be seen, amongst other things, in the development of the ESRC Research Methods Programme and the ESRC National Centre for Research Methods. More specifically, concerns over research capacity reflect the criticisms that have been made of educational research, both within academia and, more particularly, the world of policy and professional practice. As a consequence within the educati
Standards and inclusive education: schools squaring the circle
It can be argued that inclusion is the major challenge facing the English education service. This presentation will report on the findings of a collaborative action research project involving teams from twenty-five schools in three LEAs working with researchers from three universities in an attempt to develop more inclusive practices. Unusually in this field, the schools were not selected because of any exceptional commitment to inclusion and the notion of inclusion was defined broadly as the at
Changes in grouping practices over primary and secondary school
The research detailed in this paper provides a systematic description and analysis of classroomgrouping practices in primary and secondary schools in England. Practices are compared to main findings in developmental and educational literature with regard to effective contexts for learning and recent ideas about pedagogy. The research is based on an analysis of 4924 pupil groupings from672 Reception, Year 2 and Year 5 classes in 331 primary schools and 248 Year 7 and Year 10 classes in 47 seconda
Intensive quantities: why they matter to mathematics education
Ever since Piaget's (1952) classic work on number, a fundamental distinction has been drawn in the mathematics literature between extensive and intensive quantities. Extensive quantities (for example, volume, distance) are based on the logic of part-whole relations. Adding 20 decilitres of orange squash to 60 decilitres produces 80 decilitres of orange squash, since the whole is the sum of the parts. Intensive quantities (for example, density, speed) are based on the logic of co-variation. Addin
Integrating conceptions of learning for advancing educational practices
Introduction: I have argued elsewhere (Desforges, 2000b) that the core function of educational research is to make a contribution to the educational enterprise. Education is society's commitment to enhancing the human condition through capitalising on human potential for learning. There are many factors involved in such a mission. Better education entails better resourcing, creativity, will, energy and resourcefulness. Researchers must make their contribution by adding to the base of knowledge a
The design of the ESRC-TLRP 'Learning How to Learn' project
This paper, by Mary James, David Pedder, Paul Black, Dylan Wiliam and Robert McCormick, describes the design of a major development and research project within the UK's Teaching and Learning Research Programme. It outlines the project's aims to enhance teaching and learning in schools through innovative practice at classroom and school level, and through networking. It describes the assumptions and principles on which the design of the study was based and how the overall plan for the research ev
Analysing User Generated Content for social science. Generational "we sense" in the Italian blogosph
This was a presentation given at the 4th International Conference on e-Social Science, held in Manchester between 18th and 20th July 2008. This video is 15 minutes 20 seconds long....
JISC Information Environment Portal Activity. Supporting the Needs of e-Research: Scenarios, Use Cas
This is the scenarios, use cases and reference models section of the final report of the JISC Information Environment Portal Activity: supporting the needs of e-Research. The aims and objectives of this study were: To scope the requirements of e-Research within the area of resource discovery with...
JISC Information Environment Portal Activity. Supporting the Needs of e-Research: brief survey of po
This is a brief survey of portals in the UK from the final report of the JISC Information Environment Portal Activity: supporting the needs of e-Research. The aims and objectives of this study were: To scope the requirements of e-Research within the area of resource discovery with reference to...
The Portal ITT: Meeting the needs of e-Research
This is a presentation from the JISC Information Environment Portal Activity: supporting the needs of e-Research. The aims and objectives of this study were: To scope the requirements of e-Research within the area of resource discovery with reference to "portal" type services and tools, to identify...
JISC Information Environment Portal Activity. Supporting the Needs of e-Research: interim report
This is the interim report of the JISC Information Environment Portal Activity: supporting the needs of e-Research. The aims and objectives of this study were: To scope the requirements of e-Research within the area of resource discovery with reference to "portal" type services and tools, to...
Louise Bourgeois exhibition review
"Time Out" exhibition review and student worksheet