Academic Use of Digital Resources: Disciplinary Differences and the Issue of Progression
This paper examines the use of digital resources by academics in UK Higher education. The explosive growth of the Internet and in particular the Web has led to a growth in speculation about networked and e-learning (Steeples and Jones 2003, Brown and Duguid 2000). Increasingly researchers have become aware of the ways the university resists such changes and provides a 'resourceful constraint' to the changes surrounding the introduction of networked learning (Brown and Duguid 2000, Cornford 2002)
Exploring the mathematics of motion through construction and collaboration.
In this paper we give a detailed account of the design principles and construction of activities designed for learning about the relationships between position, velocity and acceleration, and corresponding kinematics graphs. Our approach is model-based, that is, it focuses attention on the idea that students constructed their own models – in the form of programs – to formalise and thus extend their existing knowledge. In these activities, students controlled the movement of objects in a prog
Understanding and analysing activity and learning in virtual communities
The purpose of this study is to provide a preliminary framework to observe, analyse and evaluate both activity and learning in virtual communities. So various types of virtual communities will be studied by examining their relationship to socialisation and learning. After a presentation of the main ideas of Wenger’s social learning theory, the principal components of the social context of the emergence and evolution of virtual communities will be described. It will show how taking this context
For a renewed academy industry research partnership
The joint venture between the academic research on learning technology and industry along the past decade shares similarity with the gold rush: great effort for a too small outcome. From all the energy spent, “acadustry” has emerged; a chimerical community of practice, merging academic and industry objectives and traditions. The relevance and fruitfulness of this new community is questionable. This presentation will suggest revisiting the orientation of the eLearning research policy, taking
Over-scripting CSCL: The risks of blending collaborative learning with instructional design.
Free collaboration does not systematically produce learning. One way to enhance the effectiveness of collaborative learning is to structure interactions by engaging students in well-defined scripts. A collaboration script is a set of instructions prescribing how students should form groups, how they should interact and collaborate and how they should solve the problem. In computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL), the script is reified in the interface of the learning environment. This co
Avaliação e evolução de um ambiente de suporte à aprendizagem de programação
O ensino da programação através dos métodos tradicionais, onde a leccionação de conceitos dinâmicos é realizada utilizando principalmente materiais de índole estática, não se tem revelado muito eficaz. Neste documento é apresentado um ambiente, o SICAS, que de forma dinâmica, interactiva e apelativa permite a construção e simulação de algoritmos. De forma a medir a eficácia do ambiente desenvolvido e a procurar formas de o melhorar foram realizadas experiências. As sugestões
Approche auteur pour les Situations Actives d'Apprentissage : Scénarios, Suivi et Ingénierie
Not available,Mémoire d'Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, spécialité informatique, Université Joseph Fourier – Grenoble 1, Laboratoire CLIPS- IMAG, Grenoble, 22 Octobre 2005
Quelques méthodes d'intelligence artificielle pour la modélisation de l'élève
This paper presents some of the artificial intelligence techniques which have been used for student modeling : planning, machine learning, diagnosis and belief revision. Each technique is brie y described, then its application to student modeling is presented and illustrated by a few examples. The advantages and drawbacks of these methods are discussed. We end this survey with some directions for further researches.
Using computers to learn logic: undergraduates' experiences
Learning formal logic can be difficult for many students. This paper describes some ongoing research into a computer program designed to help computer science undergraduates learn the natural deduction style of formal reasoning. Data collection methods included observation and videotaping of workshops, interviews, written tests, surveys, and logging of program usage. The paper focuses on students' experiences using the program to assist proof construction. It was found that videotaping students
Computer Assisted Learning for Bases of Electronics. From LAN to Hypermedia Implementation
This paper presents the implementation of a Computer Assisted Learning system, from Local Area Networks to Hypermedia environment. The user Professor is endowed with authoring support for tutorials and multiple-choice tests, with knowledge data-bases managing facilities and with access to complete records of students results. The user Student can attend a tutorial or take a test on a self-initiative base or during a session managed interactively by the Professor. The LAN system, implemented in C
Instructional Engineering for Learning Objects Repository Networks
Knowledge management in organizations, the learning objects paradigm and the advent of a new Web generation, the "Semantic Web", are major actual trends that reveal a new potential for a renewed distance learning pedagogy, but at a certain number of conditions. The first and foremost is the use of education modeling languages and instructional engineering methods to help decide how to assemble learning objects in meaningful learning and knowledge management environment. This article proposes a s
Report on literature on mobile learning, science and collaborative acitivity
This report combines: a literature review of work on mobile learning in informal science settings, a report on empirical work on mobile learning in each of the partners, and guidelines on context-awareness.,(D33.2.2). EU Sixth Framework programme priority 2, Information society technology, Network of Excellence Kaleidoscope, (contract NoE IST-507838), project "Mobile learning in informal science settings"
Students' and teachers' perceptions of motivation and learning through the use in schools of multime
This article is the result of interviews with teachers, students, and school librarians in eight UK secondary schools regarding their use of multimedia encyclopaedias on CD-ROM. It focuses on a content analysis of their comments on how having access to multimedia encyclopaedias changes the way students work and learn in school, how they perceive it enhances their learning, and how it hinders it. Teachers reported that they used multimedia encyclopaedias as an additional information resource, or
Report on visual interactive building blocks identified in current national mathematics curricula
Not available,Kaleidoscope deliverable: D27.1.1- EU Sixth Framework programme priority 2, Information society technology, Network of Excellence Kaleidoscope, (contract NoE IST-507838), project "Building Visual Interactive Blocks for Tangible Mathematics".
Review of the impact of technology-enhanced learning on roles and practices in Higher Education
This initial review draws together the state of the art in research into the impact of technology on roles and practices in higher education and sets an agenda for the remaining work of the project.,(D30.2.1) EU Sixth Framework programme priority 2, Information society technology, Network of Excellence Kaleidoscope, (contract NoE IST-507838), project "The impact of technology-enhanced learning on roles and practices in higher education"
State of the art on Interaction and Collaboration Analysis
The document focuses on students-machine or students-students' interactions analysis that could support students & teachers, when students work in stand-alone mode or in collaborative technology based learning environments. The document concerns the State of the art on the interaction analysis dimensions and approaches that are already applied. The appropriateness of these approaches is related to the learning environments features, the user's profile, the learning activities, and the context of
Evaluation of CAERUS: A Context Aware Mobile Guide
This paper reports on the results of a user evaluation of CAERUS, which is a complete context aware educational resource system for outdoor tourist sites and educational centres. CAERUS consists of a handheld delivery application and a desktop administration application and provides a visual interface to add new maps, define regions of interest, add theme-based multimedia tours, and deliver this information to visitors through Pocket PC devices with GPS capability. Fourteen participants used CAE
Tópicos sobre programação de computadores como método educativo no jardim-de-infância
Temos vindo a explorar a possibilidade de utilizar a programação de computadores no jardim-de-infância, no âmbito da metodologia construcionista desenvolvida por Seymour Papert. Para o efeito, recorremos à linguagem ToonTalk, que permite a realização de programação de computadores sob a forma de animação, dispensando a leitura e a escrita. Este artigo dá conta das estratégias que utilizámos e das constatações que efectuámos por observação e experimentação.
ToonTalk in Kindergartens: Field Notes
The emergence of a fully graphical, animated programming language, such as ToonTalk, prompted the question: is computer programming a viable educational activity with kindergarten-aged children? Since May 2000, we have been conducting ToonTalk sessions with 3- to 5-year old children, trying to determine what approaches are more successful, what activities are viable, what issues may arise in the process. From November 2001 to February 2002, the sessions took place regularly in a normal kindergar
What does electronic conferencing afford distance education?
Technology is potentially offering many opportunities to extend and expand distance learning in the higher education sector. Electronic conferencing, in particular, is seen as a technique, which offers opportunities for course delivery and methods of interaction for distant learners. This paper examines the similarities and differences between face-to-face seminars and on-line discussions. Through the concept of affordance it is shown that both benefits and limitations for interaction exist for