Governing by Numbers? Shaping Education through Data
This resource is a CES (Centre for Educational Sociology) briefing paper sketching an analysis of the effects of European Union-sponsored collection of data on the education systems of the member states. The analysis is part of a study funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), "Governing by Numbers", itself part of a larger study funded by the European Science Foundation (ESF), Fabricating Quality in European Education Systems (FabQ).
citizED: Citizenship and Multiculturalism: A Critical Assessment
A research report of a project which investigated the views of young members of BME (Black and Minority Ethnic) communities and highlighted subsequent implications for professional development.
A test of the factorial validity of the Teacher Efficacy Scale
This journal article, from Research in Education, reports on the findings of research carried out to gauge the validity of the Teacher Efficacy Scale, the purpose of which is to measure teachers' attitude towards working with students. There are two versions of the scale – the long form (Gibson and Dembo, 1984) and the short form (Hoy and Woolfolk, 1993). These are designed to take a sample from four broad areas that are said to play important roles in teacher effectiveness: alignment, inclusi
Mapping Education Research in the United Kingdom/The Social Organisation of Education Research in En
These two articles are from a European peer-reviewed education journal, European Educational Research Journal (2007). This particular issue maps education research in the UK. The first, Mapping Education Research in the United Kingdom, provides an introduction to the issue, relating the educational research in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. The second, The Social Organisation of Educational Research in England, considers the “structural, historical and educational factors” wh
The DCSF Research Conference 2010
The DCSF Research Conference 2010, The Use of Evidence in Policy Development and Delivery, took place at the QEII Conference Centre in London on 9 February. The day consisted of a series of addresses, followed by two workshop sessions, and a panel discussion in the afternoon. Carole Willis, Director of Research and Analysis at the DCSF, welcomed delegates, and spoke of the need to make decisions to use money for the best impact in terms of delivering better outcomes, based on evidence. A central
Professor Jerry Wellington provides a commentary on a sample chapter on observation from 'Research Methods in Early Childhood Education' by Mukherji and Albon. This chapter provides a helpful introduction to the use of observation, its historical background, different types of observation and some of the problematic issues involved in doing it - such as recording, reporting and the avoidance of bias.
Professor Jerry Wellington provides a commentary on a sample chapter on data gathering from 'Action Research for Improving Educational Practice' by Valsa Koshy. When it comes to data, should we talk about gathering, collecting, creating, acquiring, harvesting or nurturing? Koshy uses the term ‘gathering' data is if it were unproblematic. This is one of the weaknesses of this chapter, but it has many strengths and will be valuable for anyone embarking on a research project in their own setting,
Whose data are they? Ethics in case study research
Professor Jerry Wellington provides a commentary on a sample chapter on ethical issues from 'Case Study Research In Practice' by Helen Simons. Most people undertaking research in their own school or college will be involved in some form of ‘case study research', for example by investigating their own classroom practice or teaching methods. Few will have the time or resources to conduct a large scale, ‘randomised' investigation - hence this chapter on the ethics of conducting case study work
Mixed Methods Research
Professor Jerry Wellington provides a commentary on a sample chapter on mixed methods research from 'Introduction to Research Methods in Education' by Keith Punch. Most research projects into an aspect of teaching and learning (i.e. educational research) will quite rightly employ a mixture of methods. Indeed, the very nature of most important research questions in education (usually what, how or why questions when it comes down to it) actually demands that a range of methodologies and methods wi
Educational Research and Policy: How can we ensure that our findings are used?
This paper, presented at BERA 2009, considers the impact that educational research has on policy, largely by reviewing relevant literature and by evaluating the impact that three very different NFER research projects (TIMSS, Gifted and Talented Evaluation, and National Monitoring Surveys) have had on policy.
Young people’s decision-making in 14-19 education and training: a review of the literature
This briefing paper reviews a specific range of the empirical research literature on the decisions that 14 to 19 year olds make about education and training. There is a section on studies which focus on demographic factors which will appeal to those interested in the relationship between macro and micro level factors; there is a section on school level studies which will appeal to those interested in what they can do in their own context to address inequalities; the third section looks at key fe
As we see it: improving learning in the museum
This resource is a conference paper presenting research conducted in Australia, describing and analysing pupil learning experiences in the Australian Museum in Sydney. The paper is jointly authored by a member of the Faculty of Education & Social Work, University of Sydney, and a member of the museum staff. The paper was presented at BERA 2003.
Learning Gender in Primary School Playgrounds: Findings from the Tomboy Identities Project
This paper was presented at Exeter University in 2006, as part of Seminar Four (Cultures, values, identities and power) of the ESRC Teaching and Learning Research Programme (TLRP) Thematic Seminar Series, Contexts, communities, networks: Mobilising learners’ resources and relationships in different domains. The study followed two classes from Year 5 through to Year 6 in two contrasting primary schools, exploring primary pupils’ outdoor play in relation to the construction of gender identitie
Responsiveness of student teachers to the supervision of associate teachers
This resource is a paper which reports on a research project carried out at the University of Auckland in New Zealand into the relationship between preservice (student) teachers and the school teachers who supervise their school practice. The paper was presented at the 2009 British Education Research Association Annual Conference at the University of Manchester in the UK.
International perspectives on quality in initial teacher education: An exploratory review of selecte
The resource is an information document, written by the Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre), part of the Social Science Research Unit at the Institute of Education, University of London. The document presents an international overview of existing literature on the regulation and provision of initial teacher education (deriving mostly from three countries: the UK, USA and Australia), and detailing a comparative assessment of different approaches in
National Survey of Parents and Children: Family Life, Aspirations and Engagement with Learning 2008
This research report presents the findings of a national survey of a representative sample of 2572 parents with resident children aged 0-19 and 1154 children aged 10-19 in relation to providing “insights into family attitudes and dynamics...so that the relationships within the family could be explored in depth”. The report aims to aid understanding of the complex relationships between parents and their children in relation to many different views which they hold on family, education, identit
Peer- and Parent-Assisted Learning: in Reading, Writing, Spelling and Thinking Skills & in Maths, Sc
These articles were originally published as part of the Spotlights series of publications for practitioners by the Scottish Council for Research in Education (SCRE). They are provided as free downloads, by Practical Research for Education (PRE), the practitioner journal of the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER). The articles offer an overview of evidence on the effectiveness of parent- or peer-assisted learning (PAL), focusing on the areas of literacy and related thinking skills
The Rhetoric of ICT and the New Language of Learning: a critical analysis of the use of ICT in the c
This academic paper, published in the European Educational Research Journal, is a study of how information and communication technologies (ICT) are perceived in educational settings. It seeks to establish a critical link between the political rhetoric of ICT within the Norwegian education system and what the authors refer to as a new 'language of learning' that ICT can help to facilitate.
"It would have been nice to know about that piece of software!" Preparing Early Years Practitioners
The resource is a report on a TDA funded research project comparing Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) student-teachers’ and Primary student-teachers’ confidence with and knowledge of ICT appropriate for use in school.
Knowledge-based Stair Design
The application of computer--based technique to support architectural design has often concentrated on matters of representation. Typically, this means computer-aided drafting, and less frequently, computer-aided modeling and visualization. The promise of new computer-based tools to support the process of design has thus far failed to produce any significant tool that has had a widespread impact on the architectural profession. Most developments remain in university based research labs where the