References
William Wilberforce, the politician and religious writer, was instrumental in the abolition of slavery in Britain in 1807. This unit explores Wilberforce’s career and writings and assesses their historical significance. In particular it examines the contribution that Evangelicalism, the religious tradition to which Wilberforce belonged, made in the transitions between the Enlightenment and Romanticism. Throughout it relates Wilberforce’s career and writings to wider social and cultural devel
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William Wilberforce, the politician and religious writer, was instrumental in the abolition of slavery in Britain in 1807. This unit explores Wilberforce’s career and writings and assesses their historical significance. In particular it examines the contribution that Evangelicalism, the religious tradition to which Wilberforce belonged, made in the transitions between the Enlightenment and Romanticism. Throughout it relates Wilberforce’s career and writings to wider social and cultural devel
Author(s): The Open University

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Britain was the first country to industrialise, and it acquired the largest empire ever during this same period. But its sphere of economic influence extended far beyond the boundaries of the formal British Empire. This unit focuses on the economics of empire, using a case study of one town, Dundee in eastern Scotland, to explore this huge topic.
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Acknowledgements

‘Science in the Scottish Enlightenment’ (by Michael Bartholomew and Peter Morris) is Chapter 11 in The Rise of Scientific Europe 1500–1800 (eds David Goodman and Colin A Russell) © 1991, 2003 The Open University. This chapter has been adapted for OpenLearn.

The text The Rise of Scientific Europe 1500–1800 forms part of OU course AS208 The rise of scientific Europe.

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This unit was prepared for TeachandLearn.net by John Morgan. John works at Bristol University where he teaches on the geography PGCE course. Before that he taught geography in schools and colleges. He is the co-author of Essential AS Geography (2000) Nelson Thornes and Teaching to Learn Geography (forthcoming) RoutledgeFalmer.

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Philippa Hulme taught science in British and African schools for 15 years. She now tutors on the PGCE courses at Oxford University and the Open University, as well as training VSO volunteers. She is also an editor for Science UPD8, an initiative of the Association for Science Education and Sheffield Hallam University.

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References

Barnes, D. and Todd, F. (1995) Communication and Learning Revisited, Portsmouth, N. H., Heinemann.
Bennett, N. and Cass, A. (1989) ‘The effects of group composition on group interactive processes and pupil understanding’, British Educational Research Journal, 15, pp. 119–32.
Bennett, N. and Dunne, E. (1992) Managing Classroom Groups, Lo
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Geraldine the Giraffe Learns All About the Trigraph /air/
Geraldine the Giraffe learns about the trigraph /air/. She learns to speak the sound correctly and finds things in the house that have the /air/ sound. She finds hair and chair. This is a great resource to introduce and/or review trigraphs in the elementary classroom. (2:06)
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Active galaxies provide a prime example of high energy processes operating in the Universe. This unit gives an overview of active galaxies, including the supermassive black holes that power the engines at their centres, and the emission processes by which we detect and study them. It also gives practice in mathematical techniques for analysing data and theoretical models.
Author(s): The Open University

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This unit focuses on the substance of environmental responsibility – what matters. The question ‘What should constitute our prime focus of attention?’ can prompt different responses. We consider two points of contrast in differing focuses on what matters: 1 a distinction between nature and the environment 2 a distinction between nature/environment and related human interactions
Author(s): The Open University

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This unit focuses on the substance of environmental responsibility – what matters. The question ‘What should constitute our prime focus of attention?’ can prompt different responses. We consider two points of contrast in differing focuses on what matters: 1 a distinction between nature and the environment 2 a distinction between nature/environment and related human interactions
Author(s): The Open University

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The landscape of the British Isles has undergone dramatic changes during the history of the Earth, from shallow sea to desert to the familiar terrain of the 21st century. In this unit you will explore the processes that have shaped the British landscape over time, gaining insight into the geological evolution of the entire planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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7 Unit questions
The landscape of the British Isles has undergone dramatic changes during the history of the Earth, from shallow sea to desert to the familiar terrain of the 21st century. In this unit you will explore the processes that have shaped the British landscape over time, gaining insight into the geological evolution of the entire planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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6 Unit summary
The landscape of the British Isles has undergone dramatic changes during the history of the Earth, from shallow sea to desert to the familiar terrain of the 21st century. In this unit you will explore the processes that have shaped the British landscape over time, gaining insight into the geological evolution of the entire planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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5.6 Younger Cover
The landscape of the British Isles has undergone dramatic changes during the history of the Earth, from shallow sea to desert to the familiar terrain of the 21st century. In this unit you will explore the processes that have shaped the British landscape over time, gaining insight into the geological evolution of the entire planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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5.5 Variscan Orogenic Belt
The landscape of the British Isles has undergone dramatic changes during the history of the Earth, from shallow sea to desert to the familiar terrain of the 21st century. In this unit you will explore the processes that have shaped the British landscape over time, gaining insight into the geological evolution of the entire planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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5.4 Older Cover
The landscape of the British Isles has undergone dramatic changes during the history of the Earth, from shallow sea to desert to the familiar terrain of the 21st century. In this unit you will explore the processes that have shaped the British landscape over time, gaining insight into the geological evolution of the entire planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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5.3 Caledonian Orogenic Belt
The landscape of the British Isles has undergone dramatic changes during the history of the Earth, from shallow sea to desert to the familiar terrain of the 21st century. In this unit you will explore the processes that have shaped the British landscape over time, gaining insight into the geological evolution of the entire planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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5.2 Precambrian and Lower Palaeozoic Basement
The landscape of the British Isles has undergone dramatic changes during the history of the Earth, from shallow sea to desert to the familiar terrain of the 21st century. In this unit you will explore the processes that have shaped the British landscape over time, gaining insight into the geological evolution of the entire planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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5.1 Introduction
The landscape of the British Isles has undergone dramatic changes during the history of the Earth, from shallow sea to desert to the familiar terrain of the 21st century. In this unit you will explore the processes that have shaped the British landscape over time, gaining insight into the geological evolution of the entire planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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