Biological Membranes and Transport
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DNA microarray analysis is one of the fastest-growing new technologies in the field of genetic research. Scientists are using DNA microarrays to investigate everything from cancer to pest control. Now you can do your own DNA microarray experiment! Here you will use a DNA microarray to investigate the differences between a healthy cell and a cancer cell.
Make a DNA Model
By building their own DNA model in this OLogy activity, kids learn about the unique genetic code that's found in every cell of their bodies. The activity begins with a brief look at how all living things are made of cells, and what that makes them unique is DNA. Then, using toothpicks, colored paper, and other common supplies, students create a 3-D model of DNA and "do the DNA twist" to make it look like a double spiral. Interspersed throughout the activity are kid-friendly descriptions of the d
In this video segment from The Secret of Life school video, "Sex and the Single Gene" follow as a single fertilized egg cell divides, differentiates, and assembles into the tissues and organs of a new organism.
Test your knowledge about cell differentiation, cell function and tissue culture.
Alporas' closed cell aluminium foam
Additions are made to molten aluminium or aluminium alloy to modify the melt viscosity and make it suitable for foaming. 1 to 3 wt% titanium hydride is then added to the melt, and this foams the melt by releasing hydrogen. The foamed melt solidifies to yield a closed cellular structure with an average cell size of 4.5 mm
Biomechanical evaluation of the intact, injured and surgically reconstructed ulnar collateral ligame
The ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the elbow is a major passive stabilizer againstvalgus moments and is a frequent site of injury for the professional throwing athlete. Due to theimportance of the UCL in elbow stabilization, many clinical and biomechanical studies wereconducted in the past to understand its role; however, no study has evaluated the stabilizingfunction of the UCL when subjected to a pure valgus-varus moment at varying degrees of flexion.In addition, few comparative studies ha
National Middle School Science and Technology Bowl
Two competitions: an academic competition in which middle school students answer fast-paced questions about math and science (earth, physical, life, and general science) and a model fuel cell car competition that challenges students to design, build, and race model cars.
Antibody-protein interactions: benchmark datasets and prediction tools evaluation
Background The ability to predict antibody binding sites (aka antigenic determinants or B-cell epitopes) for a given protein is a precursor to new vaccine design and diagnostics. Among the various methods of B-cell epitope identification X-ray crystallography is one of the most reliable methods. Using these experimental data computational methods exist for B-cell epitope prediction. As the number of structures of antibody-protein complexes grows, further interest in prediction methods using 3D s
Improving Your Commute
Road traffic is a challenging societal problem, and with the increasing crowding of areas in and around cities, it is only becoming worse. With the proliferation of wireless connectivity, smartphones (think cheap embedded computers), it is now possible to continuously monitor urban areas using mobile sensors carried by people
Virtual yeast cell
This rich learning object is used to introduce yeast cytology to students taking Module D24BS3 Brewery Yeast Management as part of the MSc in Brewing Science. The virtual cell permits the students to understand structure and function of yeast organelles.
The reversal of cell differentiation and prospects for cell replacement therapy
The inaugural Anne McLaren Memorial Lecture, "The reversal of cell differentiation and prospects for cell replacement therapy", given by Prof Sir John Gurdon FRS, University of Cambridge, at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, on 7 November 2008. Visit http://media.conted.ox.ac.uk/McLaren-2008 to view the full presentation from Professor Sir John Gurdon FRS, including his slides.
Human Cloning and Human Rights: Promises and Perils
Ignore the noisy debate around cloning, Rudolf Jaenisch quietly insists, and instead look closely at the biology involved. First, note that there are two different kinds of cloning: reproductive cloning, the attempt to create an exact replica of a human being, which Jaenisch believes to be both biologically flawed and morall
High magnification SEM image of open cell polyurethane foam
If a gas is injected into a liquid it forms a cellular foam structure. When a thermoset prepolymer of low viscosity is foamed, the polymer can drain from the cell walls (driven by surface tension) before it sets at the cell edges, leaving an open-celled foam. The cell edges have three concave sides, and some remnants of collapsed cell walls can be seen at the cell edges.
Chemical and Environmental Behaviour of Materials: Batteries
This animation demonstrates electron flow in a Daniell cell. From TLP: Batteries
Open-celled aluminium foam
Although the processing route is complicated and the product expensive, there is a high degree of control over the cell structure of such foams and the final shape can be controlled to meet near-net-shape requirements.
FOAMCARP closed cell aluminium foam
Additions such as SiC are made to molten aluminium or aluminium alloy to modify the melt viscosity and make it suitable for foaming. Calcium carbonate is then added to the melt which is solidified to form a precursor which can be foamed in a controlled manner by a subsequent heat treatment. The resulting foam has a fine and relatively uniform cell structure.
SEM image of open cell polyurethane foam
If a gas is injected into a liquid it forms a cellular foam structure. When a thermoset prepolymer of low viscosity is foamed, the polymer can drain from the cell walls (driven by surface tension) before it sets at the cell edges, leaving an open-celled foam. The cell edges have three concave sides, giving rise to the tri-cuspid cross section visible at the bottom of this image. The average co-ordination number for the nodes (where struts meet) is four, giving tetrahedral junctions.
Fe, C 1.0 (wt%), hypereutectoid alloy
This secondary electron SEM image shows the cementite delineating prior austenite grain boundaries with a thin layer. The amount of proeutectoid phase is very low, with the majority of the area being taken by the pearlite eutectoid. Again each pearlite cell has a different orientation with the ferrite phase being selectively etched.
This red algal cell (Chlamydomonas nivalis) gives mountain snow packs a red tint. It uses the pollutants in snow as food. It cannot be seen without a microscope.