Deep Brain Stimulation Therapy for Movement Disorders
New tools are enabling neuroscientists to break therapeutic ground against daunting disorders like Parkinson’s Disease (PD). Andres Lozano is one “of a small group of heroes,” in Ann Graybiel’s estimate, whose work is yielding astonishing advances on a variety of fronts.

Treatments for PD, a progressiv

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How Can We Improve Disaster Response?

Even if the U.S. draws the right lessons from Hurricane Katrina, panelists suggest, the nation may still be caught short in the next disaster.

In some areas of government, Kenneth Oye points out, “weaknesses can go on for a long time because you don’t confront a reality test. Katrina was a reality test wi

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Yes We Must: Achieve Diversity through Leadership-Keynote
Two “sisters” -- both university chiefs -- celebrate the victory of the first African-American U.S. President, but remind listeners that American institutions have not yet achieved the full measure of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s dream.

MIT, which prides itself on inventing the future, says Susan Hockfield, must

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Plenaries
Plenaries The national strategy seems to insist that every lesson follows the 3 part format of starter, main activity, plenary. As an AST in tend to network with colleagues in other schools where the view for specialist ICT teachers is that plenaries are often inappropriate in the context of ICT lessons where pupils are working on ongoing coursework tasks [e.g building and documenting a database for GCSE coursework over a series of lessons for 2 months]. Plenaries seem to be effective in lesson
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Promoting group talk and higher-order thinking in pupils by coaching secondary English trainee teach
The aim of the project was to investigate whether the quality of pupils’ group talk and higher-order thinking at KS3 could be developed by giving additional training and coaching to a group of self-selected trainees. The project aimed to develop the trainees’ skills in planning challenging tasks for pupils’ group talk in English; and in promoting effective talk through the use of pupil ‘ground-rules’ and varied teacher discourse strategies, drawn from research and the participants’ p
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Urban ITT: Working With Urban Schools In Challenging Contexts (R&DA 2: 17)
The purpose of this project was to contribute to the training of teachers for work in urban schools facing a range of disadvantages. The research was conducted in Manchester and London and undertaken with teachers at the beginning of their careers and the mentors who supported them. 162 trainees were surveyed and eight case studies investigated issues in more depth. The project found that many trainees started and ended their training wanting to teach in challenging urban settings but that th
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Science Education in School Issues, Evidence and Proposals
This report advocates the need for significant change in secondary science education to provide ‘science education for citizenship’ rather than an elitist education for a few. The belief is that significant change in practice could bring about an increase in the scientific literacy of the whole population whilst simultaneously producing enough highly qualified scientists and technicians to meet the future needs of the UK in a global economy. The report advocates change so that it becomes ‘
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Without the Golden Handcuffs: Identity and belonging in challenging schools
This paper was first presented at the British Educational Research Association Annual Conference in 2009. The paper is part of the doctoral research conducted by Jo McIntyre at the University of Nottingham. The research was based in three schools in the Midlands which are within socially deprived areas, exploring the reasons why twenty teachers within challenging areas and schools have chosen to embed their professional careers within these settings. It seeks to establish their motivations for t
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Frequency domain blind multiple-input multiple-output system identification
Since commercial banks play important roles in the financial markets, it is important to evaluate whether banks operate efficiently. Moreover, given increased competition from non-bank financial institutions, commercial banks should operate more efficiently than they did previously. Commercial banks might operate more efficiently if they have superior information. If this is true, bank size should not matter to the operation of the bank. Thus, as long as the bank has superior information, it wil
Author(s): Chen, Binning

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Sudan in the late 1980s: A personal view from the Oxfam Archive
This podcast is the first part of a recording made on 25 August 2005 as part of the Oxfam Archive Oral History project and is an interview with Maurice Herson, he had many interesting and challenging times with Oxfam including working in Sudan in the 80s. This podcast is the first part of a recording made on 25 August 2005 as part of the Oxfam Archive Oral History project and is an interview with Maurice Herson, Editor of Forced Migration Review and previously Deputy Humanitarian Director and He
Author(s): John Magrath, Maurice Herson

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Care transactions
Arrangements for care and support which people manage for themselves or have organised for them privately or informally tell us something about the shifting borders between funded and non-funded care, between health and social care, and between paid and unpaid care work. They also demonstrate how the reality of the mixed economy of care is played out in the arrangements which people make for care and support in their own households.
Author(s): The Open University

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3.3 Long-run costs and economies of scale

What makes it possible to offer more output for sale at a lower price? That was one of the questions with which Section 3.2 opened. Part of the answer is that the firm's cost curves, which reflect the technology it is using, may display falling average cost as output increases over a range of output levels. The other part of the answer is that market demand must be sufficient to justify successive expansions of output. A firm such as
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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

4 Suggestions for further reading
The restless Universe introduces you to major achievements and figures in the history of physics, from Copernicus to Einstein and beyond. The route from classical to quantum physics will be laid out for you without recourse to challenging mathematics but with the fundamental features of theories and discoveries described in sufficient detail to whet your appetite for further physics study.
Author(s): The Open University

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3 Appendix: Some highlights of physics
The restless Universe introduces you to major achievements and figures in the history of physics, from Copernicus to Einstein and beyond. The route from classical to quantum physics will be laid out for you without recourse to challenging mathematics but with the fundamental features of theories and discoveries described in sufficient detail to whet your appetite for further physics study.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.5 The uncertain Universe
The restless Universe introduces you to major achievements and figures in the history of physics, from Copernicus to Einstein and beyond. The route from classical to quantum physics will be laid out for you without recourse to challenging mathematics but with the fundamental features of theories and discoveries described in sufficient detail to whet your appetite for further physics study.
Author(s): The Open University

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Albert Einstein
The restless Universe introduces you to major achievements and figures in the history of physics, from Copernicus to Einstein and beyond. The route from classical to quantum physics will be laid out for you without recourse to challenging mathematics but with the fundamental features of theories and discoveries described in sufficient detail to whet your appetite for further physics study.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.4 The intangible Universe
The restless Universe introduces you to major achievements and figures in the history of physics, from Copernicus to Einstein and beyond. The route from classical to quantum physics will be laid out for you without recourse to challenging mathematics but with the fundamental features of theories and discoveries described in sufficient detail to whet your appetite for further physics study.
Author(s): The Open University

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Successful teachers in schools in challenging circumstances.
The research sought to illuminate notions of ‘successful teachers’ by examining those factors contributing to the success of teachers working in schools in challenging circumstances. It also sought to contribute to debates over what ‘challenging circumstances’ might be. This was a joint research project between Lancashire LEA and St Martin’s College.
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Teachers TV Boys and Girls Week
Teachers TV has a week of programmes, 11 – 17 February, exploring the issues surrounding gender and achievement, including a look at how some schools are tackling challenging behaviour and underachievement.
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References
In this unit we explore questions of access to community services. To make what might be quite a dry task more challenging we use a fictionalised case study of two people for whom access to community services is particularly problematic. Jim and Marianne are both long-term heroin addicts. Additional problems associated with their addiction are homelessness and physical illness. Their situation raises both practical questions, about how services can be accessed, and moral questions, about entitle
Author(s): The Open University

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