Columbus First Voyages
During the Middle Ages, Europeans knew little, if anything, about the existence of the Americas. Columbus became caught up in the excitement and read many books on navigation and geography. He eventually devised a plan to find a westward route to Asia. In 1484, he presented his plan to King John II of Portugal but was denied financial support. He spent years asking the rulers of various countries, including France and England, for assistance before Spain’s Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand fin
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Thumbelina - Hans Christian Andersen (1952)
This video features the song of Thumbelina from the Hans Christian Andersen 1952 film featuring Danny Kaye.  Danny Kaye was very popular for his performances of Hans Christian Andersen's best loved stories. (2:44)
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STUDIO@TEMPLE
This paper describes our approach to the first year design studio and the way we employ, utilize and integrate digital media in the Architecture Program at Temple.
Author(s): Ataman, Osman

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Rights not set

Counting By Twos Song
This animated video will help children learn to count by twos. The lyrics repeat themselves several times. The monkey characters count to 100 while the numbers are displayed on the screen. Some of the lyrics include "We're gonna count by two's. Me and you. All numbers will be even. That's just what we do".  (2:53)
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The Carpetbagging Yankees
During Reconstruction, people from the North — some with bad intentions and some with good intentions — headed to the New South, where they were called "carpetbaggers."  This video gives an animated example of how the carpetbaggers came to be.
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24 - Retreat from Reconstruction: the Grant Era and Paths to "Southern Redemption"
This lecture opens with a discussion of the myriad moments at which historians have declared an "end" to Reconstruction, before shifting to the myth and reality of "Carpetbag rule" in the Reconstruction South. Popularized by Lost Cause apologists and biased historians, this myth suggests that the southern governments of the Reconstruction era were dominated by unscrupulous and criminal Yankees who relied on the ignorant black vote to rob and despoil the innocent South. The reality, of course, di
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Originate and develop the concept
This learning object encompasses the competency required to originate a project in film, television, radio or multimedia and develop the concept to that stage where it becomes the basis of a creative and effective production. It involves clarifying creative ideas, investigating and evaluating possible approaches, then developing the concept.
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Digital Cameras
Introduction to digital cameras including ISO, film speed, digital camera, charged couple device (CCD), lenses, SLR body, focal length, angle of view, wide-angle lens, telephoto lens, close-ups, aperture, exposure, f/number, shutter speed, focus, depth of field, lighting, indirect light, diffused light, direct light, three-point lighting, key light, fill light, back light, shadows, flash, backgrounds, composition, rule of thirds, framing, looking space, wa
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Missing Link in Carbon Sink found in Northern Forests: 3 Years of Biosphere Data, North America focu
Using the Biosphere SeaWiFS Globe to help visualize the Carbon Sink Release.
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Learn to Speak French : The Months of the Year
This video has the names of the months of the year in English and French and is suitable for all beginning French-language learners.
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Silal
This sample shows the typical structure of silal, irons with high Si content (5.5-7.9 wt%). It is a grey cast iron alloyed with 4-6wt% Si to provide good oxidation resistance. The high Si content forms a dense, adherent iron silicate surface film, which is resistant to oxygen penetration. The flake graphite iron Silal was one of the first heat resisting cast irons developed. Spheroidal graphite Si irons have higher strength and improved ductility. The structure shows cored dendrites of ferrite w
Author(s): Dr R F Cochrane, Department of Materials, Universi

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Silal
This sample shows the typical structure of silal, irons with high Si content (5.5-7.9 wt%). It is a grey cast iron alloyed with 4-6wt% Si to provide good oxidation resistance. The high Si content forms a dense, adherent iron silicate surface film, which is resistant to oxygen penetration. The flake graphite iron Silal was one of the first heat resisting cast irons developed. Spheroidal graphite Si irons have higher strength and improved ductility. The structure shows cored dendrites of ferrite w
Author(s): Dr R F Cochrane, Department of Materials, Universi

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Silal
This sample shows the typical structure of silal, irons with high Si content (5.5-7.9 wt%). It is a grey cast iron alloyed with 4-6wt% Si to provide good oxidation resistance. The high Si content forms a dense, adherent iron silicate surface film, which is resistant to oxygen penetration. The flake graphite iron Silal was one of the first heat resisting cast irons developed. Spheroidal graphite Si irons have higher strength and improved ductility. The structure shows cored dendrites of ferrite w
Author(s): Prof T W Clyne, Department of Materials Science an

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Birefringence in a film of polypropylene
The colours in the image are the result of birefringence and relate to the residual stress in the film, following the biaxial stretching process. The uniformity of the colour (with contrast only where an additional thickness of film exists or where wrinkling has resulted in a different apparent thickness) is indicative of both a uniform film thickness and of the uniformity of the drawing process used to make the film. Note that unlike polyethylene, the film has not been permanently strained in t
Author(s): J A Curran, Department of Materials Science and Me

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Silal
This sample shows the typical structure of silal, irons with high Si content (5.5-7.9 wt%). It is a grey cast iron alloyed with 4-6wt% Si to provide good oxidation resistance. The high Si content forms a dense, adherent iron silicate surface film, which is resistant to oxygen penetration. The flake graphite iron Silal was one of the first heat resisting cast irons developed. Spheroidal graphite Si irons have higher strength and improved ductility. The structure shows cored dendrites of ferrite w
Author(s): Dr R F Cochrane, Department of Materials, Universi

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Modeling grain growth with soap bubbles
A box containing some soap solution is used to simulate a grain structure. Rigorous agitation will produce an initial structure of many small bubbles (grains), whose evolution can be recorded. The soap film that separates bubbles has a surface energy, and the area of this will tend to be minimised.
Author(s): DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge

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Making ‘Nativity’ - Debbie Issit
Debbie Isitt is a comic writer, film director and performer. She set up world renowned theatre company Snarling Beasties in the 1980’s to great critical acclaim. Her plays have won several awards including “The Independent theatre award” in 1989 and the “Time Out” theatre award in 1991 as well as Perrier Pick of the Fringe for three consecutive years. Debbie is renowned for her work with actors and improvisation. In this Coventry Conversation you can hear Debbie talking about "Nati
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Delamination cracks in h-BN particles.
h-BN particles were subjected to compressive stress in the (0001) planes (within a silicon nitride particulate-reinforced silicon carbide composite). The occurrence of BN inclusions results from the introduction of colloidal BN into the hot isostatic pressing process. They are formed from B2O3 present as a thin surface film on the BN particles in the barrier layer. B2O3 will be molten during the pressing process and will diffuse rapidly into the powder compact and react with Si3N4 to form BN. Su
Author(s): Dr K M Knowles, Department of Materials Science an

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21F.030 East Asian Cultures: From Zen to Pop (MIT)
The course examines various aspects of culture in both premodern and modern East Asia, ranging from literature, art, performance, and cuisine to contemporary pop culture (film, manga, anime, etc.).
Author(s): Faculty, Foreign Languages and Literatures Departm

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative C

Black Roundneck Crepe Dress with Pintucks and Pleating
Black crepe dress; round neck with pintucks in diagonals across the front of the bodice. Five pleats to front of the dress, three pleats to back. Three-quarter sleeves, three press-studs on right of the dress, four covered buttons to back.. Date: 1940 - 1949 - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.
Author(s): The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordsh

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