Campaign Finance Reform
Congress enacted campaign finance reform due to criticism directed toward interest groups and Political Action Committees (PACs). Federal Election Campaign Acts were passed in 1971, 1974, and 1976. Early legislation limited individual donations to candidates to $1,000 and $5,000 to PACs. PACs in turn may only donate $5,000 to individual candidates (Video is narrated with slides and speeches.)
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Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions
Political parties determine their presidential candidates through primaries, caucuses, and conventions. Until the early part of the twentieth century, every state used caucuses to choose a candidate. Caucuses began to lose favor because many of the “political machines” that controlled the caucuses were corrupt and did not necessarily carry out the will of the people. Still, caucuses continue to be used in 12 states. (Video is narrated with slides and speeches.)

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Andrew Jackson: Reinventing the Presidency
Video discusses how Jackson fought in the Revolutionary War when he was just thirteen, how Jackson led the American army to the most surprising victory in its history in the Battle of New Orleans, how Jackson was the first great champion of the common white man -- but also "owned" over a hundred black Americans; how Jackson dramatically expanded the United States -- by brutally wresting vast regions of the south from Native Americans; how Jackson, in one of the boldest political strokes in histo
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Presidential Management Models
Political scientists have examined several models for how presidents run the White House and control their administrations. These models are helpful in understanding the daily workings of the executive branch of government. (Video is narrated with slides and speeches.)
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Political situation
This video is accompanied by text and it is about the political situation and political causes of the American Revolution. "The Revolution generated radical changes in the principles, opinions, and sentiments of the American people. New ideas and issues affected social customs, political ideals, and gender and racial roles as the thirteen colonies evolved into the United States. Debate and conflict over government authority, diverse state economies, federal control of western territories, and th
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Social Situation
This is a video accompanied by text. It is about the social situation and the social causes of the American Revolution. Although the concept of forming an autonomous American nation was not new, Thomas Paine’s call to create a democratic republic resonated with a growing number of colonists. By the late eighteenth century, many towns, particularly in Massachusetts, experienced republicanism firsthand in the form of town meetings and elections. Terminating the British monarch’s arbitrary auth
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The Great Declaration
Video accompanied by text. "By the end of 1775, the military conflicts with Great Britain increased the eagerness of many Patriots to declare their independence, but many other colonists, including influential members of the Second Continental Congress, were wary about breaking completely from the Crown. The ties to England remained strong for many Americans and the thought of losing their political and commercial connections to one of the world’s most powerful nations seemed irrational to the
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New Political Parties in 1828
This video is accompanied by text. "The political revolution stirred up by Jackson’s alternative staffing methods also resulted in the shift from a one-party political system to a two-party system. Although both Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams called themselves Republicans in the 1824 election, it was apparent that their political beliefs were not aligned. Between 1824 and 1828, the supporters of each candidate polarized into two political parties—the National-Republicans, those who sup
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Jackson and the Bank War
Video accompanied by text. "In its first years, the Second Bank of the United States weathered an economic panic and an important court case. These were not, however, to be the last of its troubles. Other forces were at work that would oppose and eventually destroy the Second Bank of the United States..."
Early in the 1820s, Henry Clay, a representative from Kentucky and political rival of Jackson, advocated and helped implement what became known as the American System for developing a st

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Political Changes in The New South After Reconstruction
This video is accompanied by text. "Along with a changing economic profile, the political atmosphere was also being transformed in the New South. With the loss of the Confederate government, southern residents turned to leaders within their community. These local leaders came to be known collectively as “Redeemers,” both for their efforts to redeem the South from being dominated by Yankees, as well as their redemption of the South from a one-crop society.
Republicans, Independents, and

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Roosevelt’s Square Deal
This video is accompanied by text. "At the dawn of the twentieth century, America was at a crossroads. Presented with abundant opportunity, but also hindered by significant internal and external problems, the country was seeking leaders who could provide a new direction. The political climate was ripe for reform, and the stage was set for the era of the Progressive Presidents, beginning with Republican Theodore Roosevelt.
Teddy Roosevelt was widely popular due to his status as a hero of t

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Wilson’s New Freedom
This video is accompanied by text. "Upon taking office, Woodrow Wilson became only the second Democratic president since 1861. Wilson was a trim figure with clean-cut features and pince-nez glasses clipped to the bridge of his nose, giving him an academic look. Partly due to his academic background and limited political experience, Wilson was very much an idealist. He was intelligent and calculating, but the public perception was that he was emotionally cold and distant. Wilson arrived in the Wh
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Animal Farm by George Orwell, Part 8 of 8
Animated cartoon.  Although all grades could learn from this animated video, it is perhaps best understood by high school students who may be studying the political reasons for the authorship of the novel. 'Animal Farm is a dystopian novel by George Orwell. Published in England on 17 August 1945, the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin era before World War II' (George Orwell, Wikipedia, 2009).  (7:22, with credits)
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Animal Farm by George Orwell, Part 7 of 8
Animated cartoon.  Although all grades could learn from this animated video, it is perhaps best understood by high school students who may be studying the political reasons for the authorship of the novel. 'Animal Farm is a dystopian novel by George Orwell. Published in England on 17 August 1945, the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin era before World War II' (George Orwell, Wikipedia, 2009).  (10:09)
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Animal Farm by George Orwell, Part 5 of 8
Animated cartoon.  Although all grades could learn from this animated video, it is perhaps best understood by high school students who may be studying the political reasons for the authorship of the novel. 'Animal Farm is a dystopian novel by George Orwell. Published in England on 17 August 1945, the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin era before World War II' (George Orwell, Wikipedia, 2009).  (7:21)
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Animal Farm by George Orwell, Part 3 of 8
Animated cartoon.  Although all grades could learn from this animated video, it is perhaps best understood by high school students who may be studying the political reasons for the authorship of the novel. 'Animal Farm is a dystopian novel by George Orwell. Published in England on 17 August 1945, the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin era before World War II' (George Orwell, Wikipedia, 2009).  (10:04)
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George Orwell - Animal Farm, Part 2 of 8
Animated cartoon, Part 2 of 8.  Although all grades could learn from this animated video, it is perhaps best understood by high school students who may be studying the political reasons for the authorship of the novel. 'Animal Farm is a dystopian novel by George Orwell. Published in England on 17 August 1945, the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin era before World War II' (George Orwell, Wikipedia, 2009).  (8:29) 
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Animal Farm by George Orwell, Part 4 of 8
Animated cartoon.  Although all grades could learn from this animated video, it is perhaps best understood by high school students who may be studying the political reasons for the authorship of the novel. 'Animal Farm is a dystopian novel by George Orwell. Published in England on 17 August 1945, the book reflects events leading up to and during the Stalin era before World War II' (George Orwell, Wikipedia, 2009). (9:40)
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U.S.-Soviet Relations
This video is accompanied by text. "Throughout much of World War II, the U.S. and the USSR were reluctant allies. Germany posed a significant threat to both countries and necessity dictated that they cooperate militarily. Germany had launched a brutal invasion into the Soviet Union that eventually caused the deaths of 20 million Soviets. The USSR begged the western Allies to attack the German army on its western front. The U.S. and England were under-resourced and unwilling to launch a costly at
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Empires: Years of Trial - Episode 2 of 4
Caligula grips Rome in fear; Judea's religious and political establishment finds Jesus a threat.
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