Reusability of eLearning Objects in the context of Learning Grids
This paper examines the requirements of eLearning Object Metadata, in order to appropriately support pedagogic and economic goals as well as service oriented architectures like the Grid. The standard IEEE LOM is being tested against these requirements. In conclusion, it can be said that while current eLearning practices are well supported by the standard, the main insufficiencies concern a) the adequate description of ELOs that are services and not downloadable self-contained programs and b) th
Kaleidoscope JEIRP on Learning Patterns for the Design and Deployment of Mathematical Games: Final R
Over the last few years have witnessed a growing recognition of the educational potential of computer games. However, it is generally agreed that the process of designing and deploying TEL resources generally and games for mathematical learning specifically is a difficult task. The Kaleidoscope project, "Learning patterns for the design and deployment of mathematical games", aims to investigate this problem. We work from the premise that designing and deploying games for mathematical learning re
Effectiveness of Reading and Mathematics Software Products: Findings from the First Student Cohort
Congress posed questions about the effectiveness of educational technology and how effectiveness is related to conditions and practices. The study identified reading and mathematics software products based on prior evidence of effectiveness and other criteria and recruited districts, schools, and teachers to implement the products. On average, after one year, products did not increase or decrease test scores by amounts that were statistically different from zero. For first and fourth grade read
A computer program for the learning of algebra: description and first experiment
We present APLUSIX, a computer system that helps students to learn algebra, available at http://aplusix.imag.fr. APLUSIX contains an advanced 2D editor of algebraic expressions that allows students to make the calculations (s)he wants, like in a paper-pencil context. The system verifies the student's calculations, by calculating the equivalence between two consecutives expressions, and shows the result to the student. It provides information concerning the progress of the resolution. Furthermore
The roles of models in Artificial Intelligence and Education research: a prospective view
In this paper I speculate on the near future of research in Artificial Intelligence and Education (AIED), on the basis of three uses of models of educational processes: models as scientific tools, models as components of educational artefacts, and models as bases for design of educational artefacts. In terms of the first role, I claim that the recent shift towards studying collaborative learning situations needs to be accompanied by an evolution of the types of theories and models that are used,
An integrated perspective to approach technology in mathematics education
This paper concerns a research work developed in an European project. The aim of this work was to produce a document integrating the different theoretical frameworks employed by the project teams. The theoretical constructs of didactical functionalities, and experimental educational cycle, associated to an ICT tool, allowed us to analyse the roles played by technology in the considered set of theoretical frameworks. With this respect, we present examples concerning the theory of didactic situati
Ambienti narrativi per l’apprendimento
Le storie sono una forma di comunicazione e rappresentazione molto diffusa e familiare, usata in ogni cultura a scopo sia ludico che formativo, e possono favorire l’apprendimento in modo naturale. A partire dai primi lavori sul valore educativo e formativo della narrativa sviluppati nell'ambito della psicologia cognitiva (in particolare gli studi di J. Bruner degli anni ‘90), anche la ricerca sulle tecnologie didattiche ha iniziato a concentrare la sua attenzione sull’uso di forme narrativ
An Ontology-based Referencing of Actors, Operations and Resources in eLearning Systems
We explore some of the multiple relationships between two very active research fields in eLearning and Knowledge Management research: educational modeling languages and ontologies. Our previous research projects in the last 10 years have shown the central importance of the association between the learning activities and the knowledge and skills that they target. Studies on this relationship have led to the concept, we will present here, of a semantically referenced educational function grouping
Insight into Practical Utilization of Knowledge Management Technologies
The focus of knowledge management (KM) has shifted in the last few years towards the ways in which knowledge is created and shared. Nevertheless, KM technologies continue to be an important issue in KM practices. The present paper focuses on the technological solutions applied in the organizations at different stages of the knowledge management life cycle. On the bases of an overview of the knowledge management tools and technologies, the paper emphasizes on the most popular KM applications foun
Web-based youth communities in the light of cyberspace psychology
The internet new media creates new types of communities - online or web-based communities in virtual reality. Everyone, to a certain degree, is involved in building and creating online communities. The main aim of this study is to make an overview of cyberspace technology and to extrapolate the influence of computers, technology and virtual environments on the psychology of Bulgarian students (individuals and groups). This study is focused on the chief features of web-based life in web-based com
Building theories: working in a microworld and writing the mathematical notebook
In the framework of a long term teaching experiment we present an Educational approach based on the use of a dynamic geometry software and a symbolic manipulator. Here we present the general ideas of the followed approach focusing on how meanings can originate from phenomenological experience and evolve under the guidance of the teacher. In particular we will focus on meanings related to the ideas of theory, axiom and theorem.
Design patterns for recording and analysing usage of learning systems: State of art of tracking and
This document presents a state of art according to three aspects: use analysis in a wide point of view, tracking and analysing usages and what's on Design Pattern. The objective of this state of art is to synthetise actual works about tracking and analysing usages in order to isolate possibilities of patterns, that's the aim of DPULSE Jeirp. The work on the state of art has been organised as a collaborative task of the DPLUS members. A lot of papers and projects on this topic have been studied.
Internal and external cooperation scripts in web-based collaborative inquiry learning
Cooperation scripts are a powerful means to improve collaborative learning. Scripts can be designed to support argumentative knowledge construction. However, not only externally induced cooperation scripts but also the learners internal scripts on argumentative knowledge construction influence argumentative processes and what kind of knowledge is acquired during collaboration. In this study, 98 students (49 dyads) of two German secondary schools participated. We implemented two versions (high
The role of roles in the analysis of interactions in collaborative environments
Analysis of interactions has become a basic function in the field of collaborative learning, as a means for supporting both students' self-regulation as well as formative evaluation processes. However, we observe a lack of methods and tools for the analysis of interactions in CSCL that considerer the different roles implied in collaboration management processes, both from the point of view of the actors that take part in a typical CSCL scenario: teachers, students or the system
ICT-onderwijsmonitor studiejaar 2002/2003: Strategische keuzen bij ICT-innovatie van het Hoger onder
In het najaar van 2002 heeft het ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap opdracht gegeven aan Research voor Beleid en het SCO-Kohnstamm Instituut voor het uitvoeren van een ict-monitor hoger onderwijs. Doel van de ict-monitor is het verschaffen van een integraal beeld van de toepassing van ict voor onderwijsdoeleinden in het Nederlandse hoger onderwijs. Als eerste studie binnen de ict-monitor hoger onderwijs is een reviewstudie naar Nederlandse praktijkvoorbeelden uitgevoerd (Schoonenboo
In this hands-on activity, students construct a simple switch and determine what objects and what types of materials can be used to close a switch in a circuit and light a light bulb.
Segregated Schooling in Alabama
This scrapbook documents conditions in Birmingham's segregated schools in 1963, as well as white resistance to integration.
Benefits and financial support
The benefits and financial support page of the UK government's Directgov website gives access to information on a range of benefits and how to claim them. The page includes details of: low income; bereavement; retirement; caring; workseekers; bringing up children; illness and injury; and disability benefits. A link is provided to the 'benefits adviser' which can be used to calculate entitlement to benefits by answering questions anonymously online.
Wind energy : energy from moving air
This resource focuses on the renewable resource of wind energy. This brief overview of wind energy explores how moving air is managed when it is formed. This resource will address such topics as (1) What is Wind?, (2) The History of Wind, (3) Windmill Mechanics, (4) Wind Machines Today, (5) Types of Windmills, (6) Wind Power Plants, (7) Wind Resources, (8) Wind Production, (9) Wind Energy Economics, (10) Wind and the Environment, and (11) the Future of Wind. Copyright 2005 International Technolo