Some Methodological Aspects of the Development of an ICT Research and Technology Development and Inn
The aim of this paper is to share the experience gained at the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics (FMI), Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski” (SU), in the up to now work within the scope of a project funded by the Capacities Specific Programme of FP7. At the first call for proposals of this Programme in 2007 the EC provided a grant to the project SISTER of SU, aimed at strengthening the research capacity of FMI in the area of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The main go
Author(s): Nikolov Roumen,Gourova Elissaveta,Nisheva Maria

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Modeling of the research and education strategy in Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics, Sofia Uni
The efficient and effective university education system is a huge benefit for individuals and for the community. The competences, innovation, and creativity developed through academic education are a major factor in the success in creating jobs and in our prosperity. As Bulgaria join EU community, it has the opportunity to act on the competition challenges and set the economy on a higher growth path. EC and World Bank proposes a strong reform agenda focused on five areas to narrow the income, pr
Author(s): Ruskov Petko,Todorova Yanka,Nikolov Roumen

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MODELING CONCEPT DESIGN OF INNOVATION PLATFORM
The transformation of the innovation processes is a fact and new forms of cooperation and partnership among companies and research community emerge. The paper presents a model of concept design of Innovation platform, based on the 4 networked innovation models. Knowledge management is a common approach, providing opportunity for better knowledge exploitation in innovation life-cycle and considering new types of cooperation among innovation seekers and innovation providers. The Innovation platfor
Author(s): Antonova Albena,Nikolov Roumen

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Requirements and Solutions for Personalized Adaptive Learning
In D1.1 we analyzed the available solutions. Current learning environments are typically web based, but they usually do not take into account heterogeneous needs of users and provide the same learning material to students with different knowledge, objectives, interests, and in different contexts. Currently there is no technical standard for the communication between the various personalized adaptive learning tools as well as no metadata standard for meaningful exchange of learner model and learn
Author(s): Kravcik Milos,Angelova Galia,Ceri Stefano,Cristea

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The Cognitive Transfer and the Tutor's Role in a CBL Environment
In this paper we report on a longitudinal study of a Leonardo da Vinci program regarding the application of a Computer Based Learning environment in three EU countries, Greece, Germany, and Holland. The `` Orestis''CD-ROM was a multimedia CBL environment aimed at teaching young offenders the basic and advanced skills for the use and maintenance of a photo-copy shop. The complete project consisted of three phases: construction of the CD-ROM, application of the instructional methodology in the par
Author(s): Karoulis Athanasios,Pombortsis Andreas

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Learning Objects Need Badly Instructional Digital Libraries Support
In this paper, we present a standard definition for learning objects, a controversy around it, and the resulted working definition, along with features to be held by learning objects, benefits of the object-oriented approach for learning, some pros and cons for using learning objects, and finally some quality standard guidelines for these objects. In addition, we introduce shortly a taxonomy of learning object types and the metadata standards that can be used for learning objects and the way the
Author(s): Vladoiu Mihaela-Monica

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Using and Enhancing a Normalized IMS-LD Description to Support Learners in their Appropriation of a
The general context of our work is the support that can be proposed to a distance learning student in order to appropriate a curriculum to him. In this paper we explore how the IMS learning design (LD) norm can be used to address this issue. An LD model of a curriculum permits the construction of tools that allow a student to visualize different points of view on the curriculum items, annotate his progression in the activities or build individual projects. We present what can be done with an LD
Author(s): Rasseneur Rasseneur,Jacoboni Pierre,Tchounikine Pi

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Technical specifications of collaboration support tools as web services
This document presents the technical specifications of the services that will be published by two tools developed in the context of the PALETTE project, namely CoPe_it! and e-Logbook (Collaboration services). It describes in detail all published functions along two dimensions: the functional and the technical one. For each service the Community of Practice needs are also discussed. With respect to technical aspects, the W3C Web Services standard has been adopted as the proposed technology to pub
Author(s): Tzagarakis Manolis,Karousos Nikos,Gotsis George,Ka

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Should Students Use Their Private Laptop Computers for Study Purposes?
Project and Problem Based Learning has become a standard method of teaching at Technikum Wien. In the course of Computer Science students used their own Laptop Computers for all lessons. If students could not afford a laptop, one was provided by the department. The over all results of this experiment have been very promising. It was possible to reduce the total costs of teaching, mainly because less support for the student laptops was needed. Even more important, most teaching obstacles previous
Author(s): Pucher Robert,Kollmitzer Christian,Schmoellebeck F

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Special Session OER: Integrating OER and Instructional Design – Towards a more holistic view
Instructional Design (ID) has been introduced as a fundamental approach to design learning environments with a strong focus on media usage. In this regard, recent transformations in the realm of ICT have gained an increasing influence on learning and teaching practices, thus challenging conventional methods. Advocators of sophisticated web-based tools such as Weblogs, Wikis, or e-portfolios which are at the heart of the “Open Educational Resources (OER”) movement proclaim a new dimension of le
Author(s): Deimann Markus,Bastiaens Theo

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The Use of Multiple Student Modeling to Parameterize Group Learning
Recent criticism of ITS research for neglecting social aspects of learning is constructively answered by a practical attempt to extrapolate student modeling and intelligent learning support to group situations. The central focus is on using individually assessed student models to anticipate and parameterize group learning situations. This requires the integration of knowledge from individual models. Aspects of system architecture and dialogue design are discussedbased on an example of a replicat
Author(s): Hoppe Ulrich

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Toward Cognitive Tutoring in a Collaborative, Web-Based Environment
A potentially powerful way to aid in the authoring of intelligent tutoring systems is to directly leverage student interaction log data. While problem-solving data has been used in the past to guide the development of tutors, such data has not been used as a means to directly construct an initial tutoring system model. We propose an approach called bootstrapping novice data (BND) in which a problem-solving tool is integrated with tutor development software through log files and that integration
Author(s): McLaren Bruce M.,Koedinger Kenneth R.,Schneider Mi

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Towards a Pattern Language for Intelligent Teaching and Training Systems
Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) are usually based on similar fundamental structures. In contrast to this, software engineering techniques are seldomly used for realizing ITSs. In the last years, some approaches tried to change this: pattern mining took place; methods covering the specifics of ITS project development have been deployed. These approaches usually focus on a specific system type or on a certain application domain. What is missing is a combination of all the different approaches
Author(s): Harrer Andreas,Martens Alke

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Analysis Methods for Collaborative Models and Activities
A classification of analysis methods for CSCL systems is presented which uses as one dimension the distinction into summary analysis and structural analysis and as another distinction different types of raw data: either user actions or state descriptions. The Cool Modes environment for collaborative modeling enables us to explore the whole spectrum of analysis methods. Action logging is based on the MatchMaker communication server underlying Cool Modes. Example instances for several analysis met
Author(s): Gaßner Katrin,Jansen Marc,Harrer Andreas,Herrmann

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The Remote Control Approach – An Architecture for Tutoring in Pre-existing Collaborative Applicatio
In this paper we present an architecture for the integration of tutoring and process scaffolds into existing collaborative applications. The architecture allows to combine existing research results concerning collaborative processes and their formalization, and existing and tested collaborative learning environments. The architecture allows controlling the learning environments either by a human or a pedagogic agent. Both types of tutors are using the same set of primitives – either via an intu
Author(s): Harrer Andreas,Malzahn Nils,Roth Benedikt

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Processing and Transforming Collaborative Learning Protocols for Learner's Reflection and Tutor's Ev
This paper discusses the potential of processing and analysis of collaborative learning protocols, which in the first place are represented as low-level logfiles of actions in collaborative learning environments. These protocols can be abstracted, analysed, and augmented to provide the users with feedback about the collaboration process. We present several techniques we implemented which may be combined to support learner s self-reflection as well as tutors in evaluating the process.
Author(s): Harrer Andreas,Bollen Lars,Hoppe Ulrich

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Building and Maintaining the Common Ground in Web-Based Interaction
In this paper, the main purpose is to explore how participants establish and maintain the common ground in the computer-based conferences. Previous studies assume that before the participants can reach the deeper level interaction and learning, they have to gain an adequate level of common ground (Dillenbourg, 1999; Baker et al., 1999; Veerman, 2000). Subjects were 68 pre-service teachers and 7 mentors from three universities who participated in the web-based conferencing course for eight weeks.
Author(s): Mäkitalo Kati,Häkkinen Päivi,Salo Piritta,Järv

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Cooperation scripts for learning via web-based discussion boards and videoconferencing
Computer-supported collaborative learning often means that locally distant learners discuss a task via text-based discussion boards or videoconferencing. Collaborative learning, however, is often suboptimal with respect to how learners work on the concepts that are supposed to be learned and how learners interact with each other. Collaborative learning environments may be improved by scripts that structure epistemic activities and social interactions of learners. Two studies are being reported t
Author(s): Weinberger Armin,Ertl Bernhard,Fischer Frank,Mandl

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Intelligent CALL: The magnitude of the task
The quality of most CALL programs is not well balanced with respect to the use of computer technology and of language content and processing. This imbalance can be explained by a number of constraints pulling CALL developers in diverging directions. For commercial CALLware the poor learner fit and lack of feedback is a serious impediment. So far ICALL approaches trying to overcome this have not been of a sufficiently high quality due to the vast distance between most learner language and the tex
Author(s): Tschichold Cornelia

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Learning Bridges: a role for mobile technologies in education
A project called MyArtSpace, funded by the UK Department for Culture Media and Sport, is today exploring how children can engage in similar enquiry-led learning supported by mobile technology and how this can link to school and home learning. Using MyArtSpace as an example, we discuss the possibilities for mobile technology to form bridges between formal and informal learning. We also offer guidelines, drawn from our experience with MyArtSpace, for designing such bridges.
Author(s): Vavoula Giasemi,Sharples Mike,Rudman Paul,Lonsdale

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