Environnements interactifs d'apprentissage et démonstration en géométrie
Not available,Habilitation à diriger des recherches de l'université de Rennes I, juillet 2001.
Quelques méthodes d'intelligence artificielle pour la modélisation de l'élève
This paper presents some of the artificial intelligence techniques which have been used for student modeling : planning, machine learning, diagnosis and belief revision. Each technique is brie y described, then its application to student modeling is presented and illustrated by a few examples. The advantages and drawbacks of these methods are discussed. We end this survey with some directions for further researches.
Using computers to learn logic: undergraduates' experiences
Learning formal logic can be difficult for many students. This paper describes some ongoing research into a computer program designed to help computer science undergraduates learn the natural deduction style of formal reasoning. Data collection methods included observation and videotaping of workshops, interviews, written tests, surveys, and logging of program usage. The paper focuses on students' experiences using the program to assist proof construction. It was found that videotaping students
De Waarde van GrassRoots. Eindrapport GrassRoots Evaluatieonderzoek
Not available,Sligte, H.W., Simons, P.R.J., Kral, M., van den Berg, E. (2005). De Waarde van GrassRoots. Eindrapport GrassRoots Evaluatieonderzoek. [The value of Grassroots. Final report GrassRoots evaluation]. Amsterdam: SCO-Kohnstamm Instituut.
Group Reflection Tools for Virtual Expert Community - REFLEX Project
The aim of this project is to improve work quality, creativity and performance in various professional communities of knowledge-intensive companies by integrating teamwork and learning in collectively designed information spaces. This project will provide a pedagogical model for building and sharing expert knowledge within physically distributed teams that have a need to collaborate and co-ordinate information. The project will utilize latest information and communication technologies in develop
The effect of collaborative knowledge modeling at a distance on performance and on learning
This study examines the effect of co-elaborating a knowledge model in dyads at a distance on performance and on learning. Forty-eight adults participated in the study. Participants were trained to re-represent knowledge taken from a text, using an object-typed knowledge modeling editor software tool. Knowledge modeling is similar to concept mapping, except that the former is based on a typology of knowledge objects and a typology of links, and that the structure of the knowledge representation i
Computer Assisted Learning for Bases of Electronics. From LAN to Hypermedia Implementation
This paper presents the implementation of a Computer Assisted Learning system, from Local Area Networks to Hypermedia environment. The user Professor is endowed with authoring support for tutorials and multiple-choice tests, with knowledge data-bases managing facilities and with access to complete records of students results. The user Student can attend a tutorial or take a test on a self-initiative base or during a session managed interactively by the Professor. The LAN system, implemented in C
Asynchronous Discussion in Support of Medical Education
Although the potential of asynchronous discussion to support learning is widely recognized, student engagement remains problematic. Often, for example, students simply refuse to participate. Consequently the rich promise of asynchronous learning networks for supporting students' learning can prove hard to achieve. After reviewing strategies for encouraging student participation in discussions in Asynchronous Learning Networks (ALN), we present a study that investigates how these strategies influ
New e-learning services based on mobile and ubiquitous computing: Ubi-learn project
Ubiquitous and mobile learning concerns building applications in highly dynamic and heterogeneous environments to bring computation into the real, physical world. This paper presents UbiLearn a distributed Learning platform with Nomads Objects and new e-learning services based on.
Socio-cultural Perspectives on Object-oriented Learning
One of the central objectives of project COOL is to explore critical aspects associated with learning (and teaching) object-oriented concepts. This objective will be pursued by bringing forth the heritage of Kristen Nygaard and the Norwegian approach to object-orientation. The project will develop learning material based on this work and intends to make the material available to the object-oriented community in the form of reusable learning objects. This paper explores how social-cultural theori
Learning Object-Oriented Programming
Loud discussions concerning various ways of teaching object-orientation have taken place without much empirical evidence for any position. This paper reports qualitative observations of learning of object-ori-ented programming in an introductory course. The students were found to cope reasonably well with the object-oriented concepts, and they had learnt procedural programming first. However, they modeled the real world domain to be represented in the program by imagination and through coding. T
Exploiting distance technology to foster experimental design as a neglected learning objective in la
This article deals with the design process of a remote laboratory for labwork in chemistry. In particular, it focuses on the mutual dependency of theoretical conjectures about learning in the experimental sciences and technological opportunities in creating learning environments. The design process involves a detailed analysis of the expert task and knowledge, e.g., spectrophotometry as a method for the determination of the concentration of a compound in a solution. In so doing, modifications in
Platon-1 : quelques dimensions pour l'analyse des travaux de recherche en conception d'EIAH
Le travail présenté dans ce document est centré sur la problématique de la conception des EIAH (Environnements Informatiques pour l'Apprentissage Humain). Dans une première partie, nous proposons une réflexion sur la nature, les objectifs et les difficultés de cette problématique de recherche. Cette analyse conduit à identifier une difficulté centrale, la multiplicité des points de vue qui peuvent intervenir dans un travail lié à la conception d'un EIAH et les incompréhensions prof
A Tailorable Collaborative Learning System that Combines OGSA Grid Services and IMS-LD Scripting
This paper presents Gridcole, a new collaborative learning system that can be easily tailored by educators in order to support their own CSCL scenarios, using computing services provided by third parties in the form of OGSA grid services. Educators employ scripts in order to describe the sequence of learning activities and required tools, with standard IMS-LD notation. Thus, through the integration of coarse-grained tools, that may even offer supercomputing capabilities or use specific hardware
Off-Task Behavior in the Cognitive Tutor Classroom: When Students "Game The System".
We investigate the prevalence and learning impact of different types of off-task behavior in classrooms where students are using intelligent tutoring software. We find that within the classrooms studied, no other type of off-task behavior is associated nearly so strongly with reduced learning as "gaming the system": behavior aimed at obtaining correct answers and advancing within the tutoring curriculum by systematically taking advantage of regularities in the software's feedback and help. A stu
Report on literature on mobile learning, science and collaborative acitivity
This report combines: a literature review of work on mobile learning in informal science settings, a report on empirical work on mobile learning in each of the partners, and guidelines on context-awareness.,(D33.2.2). EU Sixth Framework programme priority 2, Information society technology, Network of Excellence Kaleidoscope, (contract NoE IST-507838), project "Mobile learning in informal science settings"
Students' and teachers' perceptions of motivation and learning through the use in schools of multime
This article is the result of interviews with teachers, students, and school librarians in eight UK secondary schools regarding their use of multimedia encyclopaedias on CD-ROM. It focuses on a content analysis of their comments on how having access to multimedia encyclopaedias changes the way students work and learn in school, how they perceive it enhances their learning, and how it hinders it. Teachers reported that they used multimedia encyclopaedias as an additional information resource, or
A comparison of preferred learning styles, approaches and methods between information science and co
In recent years the two disciplines of Information and Library Studies and Computing Science have drawn closer together to the extent that now there are several Universities where they are combined in a single school of Information and Computing Science or Informatics. Currently, a single Higher Education Academy Subject Centre serves the two disciplines. However, there are marked differences between the disciplines observable immediately in the gender balance of their respective undergraduate c
The impact of problem order: Sequencing problems as a strategy for improving one's performance
Two experiments investigated the impact of problem order and problem sequencing on performance. In experiment 1 subjects were either presented with a suitable or an unsuitable presentation sequence where they were free to deviate from. Presentation sequence had an impact on performance and rearranging problems improved performance for high priorknowledge subjects whereas low prior-knowledge subjects' performance deteriorated. Experiment 2 yielded evidence that effects of problem sequence have to
Hypertext navigation and conflicting goal intentions: Using log files to study distraction and volit
This paper describes a theoretical analysis and experimental investigation of difficulty related distraction by conflicting goal intentions in learning and problem solving with hypertext. Log files are used to capture hypertext navigation in the face of opportunities to implement competing goal intentions. We study how differences in task difficulty influence the volitional protection of the current goal intention. First attempts to integrate volitional processes of action control into cognitive