Computational Mathetics: Towards a Science of Learning Systems Design
The aim of this report is simply to help put the design of computer-based systems to support learning on a more scientific footing. The aim is simply stated, but its achievement is more difficult. For one thing, it is not at all obvious what "more scientific" means in this context. However, it is essential for AI-ED research to take better account of the concepts of 'situation', 'context', 'community', 'discourse', 'social learning', and so on, but these terms need to be defined, not used as man
Lo sviluppo del pensiero strategico nella scuola di base: riflessionisull'uso delle TIC
In recent years the development of skills which are not strictly associated with technical abilities or specific subject contents has become a central focus of education and the debate on how to define and promote what is usually indicated as “core” skills or “key” competencies is involving national educational Institutions and systems, especially in OECD countries. Among such skills a crucial role is assigned to strategic and reasoning abilities. While a general agreement on the import
Costruire e gestire ambienti di apprendimento che integrino strumenti tecnologici: analisi di un cas
The paper discusses the results of a research project based on the field testing of a course aimed at developing arithmetic problem solving skills in primary school pupils. The course was designed to incorporate e-learning techniques, including the use of ARI@ITALES authoring tools. These tools allowed the integration in the course of constructivist activities based on interaction with a set of different microworlds. The aims of the project were twofold: to analyse how the adopted approach and t
Literature Review in Citizenship, Technology and Learning
Taking on both how ICT can be used to support citizenship education and how citizenship education needs to reflect changes in technology use in the workplace and day to day life, this publication summarises both theoretical and empirical research evidence in the field. It examines possible roles for ICT in engendering discussion, as a source of information, as a means of producing materials, and for enabling whole school activities on citizenship.,A NESTA Futurelab Research report - report 3
Learning with Digital Technologies in Museums, Science Centres and Galleries
As early as 2002 the number of virtual visitors to many museums' websites had already overtaken the number of physical visitors on-site. These developments, both within the walls of the institution and outside them, provide a number of challenges for educators and curators, at the heart of which lie the questions - what is distinctive about learning in museums, science centres and galleries, and how might this change or evolve through the increasing use of digital technologies?,A NESTA Futurelab
A Concise Introduction to Narrative Learning Environments
This report introduces the main concepts related to Narrative Learning Environments, discussing what role they can have in education and how they can be shaped and analysed.,Research Report
Collaborative learning aspects in VSE
The paper would suggest a pedagogical model for modelling Virtual Scientific Experiments (VSE) starting from the Theory of Didactics Situations and taking advantages from the recent studies on collaborative learning. The possibilities given by the new technologies, and in particular by the GRID, seems to be particulary interesting for the sharing of complex applications such as VSE.
The use case specification of actions in the goal oriented knowledge based learning environment
The proposed goal oriented knowledge acquisition and assessment are based on the flexible educational model and allows to implement an adaptive control of the enhanced learning process according to the requirements of student's knowledge level, his state of cognition and subject learning history. The enhanced learner knowledge model specifies how the cognition state of the user will be achieved step by step. The use case actions definition is a starting point of the specification that depends o
Building Assessment Web Service from Question Type Learning Objects
In this paper we discuss the TestTool system as an established testing system model, the one that is being used in real educational settings and supports self-assessment as well as testing learning practices. We then elaborate how this learning object-based system is being re-engineered and extended within the context of Web service oriented architecture. Testing Web service implementation along with considerations regarding how e-learning services from distributed Learning Objects could be com
Could Grid facilitate demanding Media Watermarking Applications?
Copyright protection is becoming an important issue for organisations that distribute digital content through e-learning applications. One of the most promising methods for copyright protection is digital watermarking, a highly demanding application in terms of CPU load. In this communication, some specific cases are presented where GRID computing could be used as an enabling/assisting technology for watermarking. Specific cases of heavy load mathematical transformations for large media objects
Virtual Reality for Learning: Sharing Experiences rather than Resources
Virtual Reality is becoming a major candidate for embodying immersive learning environments. Whereas in the two preceding decades learning has been conceptualized as situations where students are guided rather than elicited to undertake actions, it is now the right time to explore the other side or the continuum.
E-Assessment using Latent Semantic Analysis
E-assessment is an important component of e-learning and e-qualification. Formative and summative assessment serve different purposes and both types of evaluation are critical to the pedagogical process. While students are studying, practicing, working, or revising, formative assessment provides direction, focus and guidance. Summative assessment provides the means to evaluate a learner's achievement and communicate that achievement to interested parties. Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) is a st
Open Learning Service Scenarios on GRIDs
The position paper focuses on the concepts of Service Elicitation and Evaluation/Exploitation Scenarios (SEES) and, in particular, on experimental protocols for justifying, motivating, implementing and exploiting Learning GRID's services for very large numbers of potential users.
Derivation of Knowledge Structures for Distributed Learning Objects
Knowledge space theory (Doignon & Falmagne, 1985; Albert & Lukas, 1999; Doignon & Falmagne, 1999) offers a rigorous and efficient formal framework for the construction, validation, and application of e-assessment and e-learning adaptive systems. This theory is at the basis of some existing e-learning and e-assessment adaptive systems in the U.S. and in Europe. Such systems are based on a fixed and local domain of knowledge, where fixed means that the domain does not change in time and local ref
The new paradigm of "knowledge construction using experiential based and collaborative learning approaches" is an outstanding opportunity for interdisciplinary research. This document is an attempt to introduce and exemplify as much as possible using the lexicon of "social sciences", considerations and tools belonging to "artificial intelligence" (eg.:the machine learning tradition). In the paper we first draw a conceptual framework for rational agents in conversational interaction; then we use
The Challenge of Change: Reducing Conflict in Implementing e-Learning
This paper calls for the design of the European Grid for Learning to take note of important issues which have arisen in previous e-learning cycles in the UK. In particular, low take-up of products and services by lecturers has been explained in terms of techno-fear, or ignorance of e-learning potential. These claims are unsubstantiated. Other explanations are possible for the observed resistance of the educational specialist to the use of educational technology. Rather than ignore possible area
Quality of Service Requirements for the e-Learning Grid
In the same way that the Web has evolved from being a technology designed to aid scientific collaboration to one which is employed extensively in e-business and increasingly in e-learning, the Grid is also evolving from its original concept as a highly distributed dynamic source of computing resources "on tap", like the power grid, for e-science, to a means of supporting enterprise computing across heterogeneous, distributed, virtual organisations. However, even the most recent ideas associated
Evolving from a Traditional Distance Learning Model to e-Learning
This paper presents experiences from the course of Informatics at the Hellenic Open University. Problems faced and lessons learned are presented relating to the introduction of e-learning capabilities into this course that was initially based on a traditional distance-learning model. The paper discusses the need that imposed the introduction of e-learning infrastructure and procedures into the course, the steps taken and the students' attitude towards these changes. It also discusses points whe
Software Interoperability Problems and E-Learning
Grid applications are special cases of networking applications. In order to investigate potential applications of Grid technologies to e-learning we discuss in the following some current applications of network technologies in e-learning as they have occurred at the University Koblenz-Landau. At the appropriate points we shall indicate demands that our e-learning applications pose to the underlying network services and mention, how they might benefit from resource sharing as potentially offered
A Learning Grid for the multichallenge school ECP
The aim of this presentation is to try to define the requirements of a European Learning Grid that would fit best with the challenges and today and future practices of Ecole Centrale Paris. In a first part, after a brief presentation of Ecole Centrale Paris, we describe the actual challenges today practices and the interest of an e-learning GRID. In a second part we describe some potential cases of such system and the associated requirements.