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Towards Web-Based Education of Demography
This paper describes steps taken towards introducing Web-based educational technology in teaching demography at the university level. Traditionally, demography is taught by giving lectures to the students, who are then expected to study from textbooks and exercise in demographic calculus. Some students find this way of learning monotonous and exhausting, hence their motivation gradually drops. Modern learning technology can help prevent such a situation, at least to an extent. Of course, using a
Author(s): Devedzic Mirjana,Devedžić Vladan

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An Experience Applying Reinforcement Learning in a Web-Based Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Sy
The definition of effective pedagogical strategies for coaching and tutoring students according to their needs is one of the most important issues in Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Systems (AIES). The use of a Reinforcement Learning (RL) model allows the system to learn automatically how to teach to each student individually, only based on the acquired experience with other learners with similar characteristics, like a human tutor does. The application of this artificial intelligence techn
Author(s): Iglesias Ana,Martinez Paloma,Fernandez Fernando

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The Cognitive Transfer and the Tutor's Role in a CBL Environment
In this paper we report on a longitudinal study of a Leonardo da Vinci program regarding the application of a Computer Based Learning environment in three EU countries, Greece, Germany, and Holland. The `` Orestis''CD-ROM was a multimedia CBL environment aimed at teaching young offenders the basic and advanced skills for the use and maintenance of a photo-copy shop. The complete project consisted of three phases: construction of the CD-ROM, application of the instructional methodology in the par
Author(s): Karoulis Athanasios,Pombortsis Andreas

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Learning Objects Need Badly Instructional Digital Libraries Support
In this paper, we present a standard definition for learning objects, a controversy around it, and the resulted working definition, along with features to be held by learning objects, benefits of the object-oriented approach for learning, some pros and cons for using learning objects, and finally some quality standard guidelines for these objects. In addition, we introduce shortly a taxonomy of learning object types and the metadata standards that can be used for learning objects and the way the
Author(s): Vladoiu Mihaela-Monica

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Mathematical Reasoning in a Technological Environment
Dynamic geometry software has been accused of contributing to an empirical approach to school geometry. However, used appropriately it can provide students with a visually rich environment for conjecturing and proving. Year 8 students who were novices with regard to geometric proof were able to exploit the features of Cabri Geometry II to assist them in formulating and proving in the context of Cabri simulations of mechanical linkages.
Author(s): Vincent Jill

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Would-Be Teachers' Competence in Applying ICT: Exposition and Preconditions for Development
Changes in educational technologies modify the role of the teacher and require new competencies. Scientific literature describes competence in using ICT as the wholeness of two structural components - basic and educational ICT competence. The conception has been considered conducting research on would-be teachers' competence in applying ICT. The article deals with the exposition of would-be teachers' competence in applying ICT in the process of teaching practice and focuses on the impact of stud
Author(s): Peciuliauskiene Palmira,Barkauskaite Marija

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Half-Baked Logo Microworlds as Boundary Objects in Integrated Design
The paper addresses the problem of fragmentation of the communities involved in the design of digital media for education. It draws on the experience gained at the Educational Technology Lab in the design of Logo-based microworlds with three different platforms respectively based on component computing, 3D game engines and 3D navigation with a GIS. In this paper I use the term half-baked to describe a microworld which is explicitly designed to engage its users with changing it as the main aspect
Author(s): Kynigos Chronis

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Design and Implementation of a Logo-based Computer Graphics Course
Two years ago the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics at Sofia University makes a decision to design a new series of Logo-based courses which make use of the modern technology. The pedagogical component of the challenge is to design a multidisciplinary course suitable for students with different skills and interests. From a development perspective the challenge is to build an entirely new one. And finally the course must be attractive regardless of the seriousness and complexity of the topics
Author(s): Boytchev Pavel

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Investigation of Q-Learning in the Context of a Virtual Learning Environment
We investigate the possibility to apply a known machine learning algorithm of Q-learning in the domain of a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). It is important in this problem domain to have algorithms that learn their optimal values in a rather short time expressed in terms of the iteration number. The problem domain is a VLE in which an agent plays a role of the teacher. With time it moves to different states and makes decisions which regarding action to choose for moving from current state to
Author(s): Baziukaite Dalia

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Students Learning Experience in the Integrated Information Literacy Course Constructed in Virtual Le
The paper examines the impact of ICT on students learning experiences and opportunities offered by virtual learning environment as an integral part of traditional learning environment in the experimental course ``Integration of information literacy skills into ESP programme'' at Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania). The experiment aimed at developing students' information literacy and social skills as the means for enhancement of learning with a particular attention towards foreign language co
Author(s): Vaiciuniene Vilhelmina,Gedviliene Genute

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The First Decade of Informatics in Dutch High Schools
Informatics is currently being taught in high schools all over the world. In the Netherlands, where all students are expected to become computer literate in the lower grades of high school (Hulsen et al., 2005), it has been decided not to consider computer literacy as being part of Informatics. What, then, should be the content of the Informatics curriculum taught in the higher grades? What should be taught, how and to whom? How should students' achievements be assessed? The answers to these que
Author(s): Grgurina Natasa,Tolboom Jos

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Future Quality in the Emergent European Higher Education Area Involves the Use of Informatics
In this paper an agreed set of standards, procedures and guidelines on quality assurance for the emergent European Higher Education Area is presented. If this set is implemented, the procedures for the recognition of qualifications will be strengthened. The set has been divided in two groups: there are internal and external standards and guidelines. The internals should be implemented by higher education institutions and under their responsibility. The external standards and guidelines should be
Author(s): Bilbao Javier,Bravo Eugenio,Garcia Olatz,Varela Co

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Why Web 2.0 is Good for Learning and for Research: Principles and Prototypes
The term "Web 2.0" is used to describe applications that distinguish themselves from previous generations of software by a number of principles. Existing work shows that Web 2.0 applications can be successfully exploited for technology-enhance learning. However, in-depth analyses of the relationship between Web 2.0 technology on the one hand and teaching and learning on the other hand are still rare. In this article, we will analyze the technological principles of the Web 2.0 and describe thei
Author(s): Ullrich Carsten,Borau Kerstin,Luo Heng,Tan Xiaohon

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The distributed developmental network - d2n: a social configuration to support design pattern genera
DiSessa et al. (2004) conducted a comparative study of how research teams design, develop and evaluate TEL software, in the context of component-based educational programming. They identified the issue of the social configuration of the production team as “a critical family of issues that are easily marginalized” (p.117). These social configurations are loosely equivalent to what Activity Theorists refer to as the rules and division of labour (Engeström, 1987) in the activity system of TEL pr
Author(s): Winters Niall,Mor Yishay,Pratt Dave

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Enabling Mobile Collaborative Learning through Multichannel Interactions
The work presented here shows an architecture to integrate multiple communication channels for a simple communication tool: a weblog. The motivation for this work is to enable learners to access learning services regardless of their situation. Indeed, in some cases the access to these services is quite hard because people are on the move or don't easily have access to an Internet connection. This article presents the different elements that fit into the architecture which lay the path for a rich
Author(s): Peter Yvan,Vantroys Thomas,Leprêtre Eric

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Adding new Representations of Mathematical Objects to Aplusix
In the framework of the ReMath European project, we initiated two new representations for algebraic expressions in Aplusix: a Tree & Natural representation mixing tree representations and natural representations of algebraic expressions, and a graphical representations to show curves and sets of solutions. Our work has been driven by two approaches: (1) a traditional approach focusing on the definition of new objects with their functionalities, beginning with a specification phase and continuing
Author(s): Bouhineau Denis,Chaachoua Hamid,Nicaud Jean-Franç

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Description et exploitations des traces du logiciel d’algèbre Aplusix
Cet article porte sur l’emploi de traces dans un contexte éducatif et sur leur utilisation dans un EIAH. La première partie présente le logiciel Aplusix, un micromonde pour l'apprentissage de l'algèbre qui permet l’enregistrement de productions d’élèves, comme celles obtenues dans l'environnement classique papier, mais comportant de plus d'autres informations, comme le temps, les hésitations, les corrections. Ce recueil produit une trace brute qui représente une modélisation comporte
Author(s): Chaachoua Hamid,Croset Marie-Caroline,Bouhineau De

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How can we take into account student conceptions of the facial angle in a palaeontology laboratory w
This study investigates student conceptions of the facial angle as a way to attain understanding elements of the theory of human evolution. The chosen laboratory work involved determining the species of a human cranium, and students had to design and write down their own experimental procedure. Three versions of the laboratory work were carried out leading to different student productions. Three aspects will be presented in the present paper, which are related to the three conceptual difficultie
Author(s): Marzin Patricia,de Vries Erica

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Concepts and methods for exploring the future of learning with digital technologies. Kaleidoscope
Very little of the transformation of working and social life that has accompanied digital technologies is reflected in the practice of learning and teaching, or in the quality of research. Kaleidoscope's central aims are to fill these gaps in research by integrating existing European initiatives to develop a rich, culturally-diverse and coherent theoretical and practical research foundation for research and innovation, and developping new tools and methodologies that operationalize an interdisci
Author(s): Balacheff Nicolas,Noss Richard,Verdejo Maria Felis

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Using and Enhancing a Normalized IMS-LD Description to Support Learners in their Appropriation of a
The general context of our work is the support that can be proposed to a distance learning student in order to appropriate a curriculum to him. In this paper we explore how the IMS learning design (LD) norm can be used to address this issue. An LD model of a curriculum permits the construction of tools that allow a student to visualize different points of view on the curriculum items, annotate his progression in the activities or build individual projects. We present what can be done with an LD
Author(s): Rasseneur Rasseneur,Jacoboni Pierre,Tchounikine Pi

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