Computer Algebra Based Assessment of Mathematics Online
In this paper, we investigate computer algebra based assessment of mathematics online, with a focus on undergraduate students. Introducing a computer algebra system to assist in marking allows a paradigm shift from teacher-provided answers to student-provided answers. The Computer Algebra Based Learning and Evaluation (CABLE) system is presented as an open source infrastructure for mathematical learning objects. Features of the CABLE system, including the modular design, database structure, lear
Semantic Learning Model and Extended Student model: towards an AHAM-based adaptive system
In adaptive hypermedia systems, we distinguish AHAM as the most popular reference model which is based on the Dexter model. Our work consists on building an adaptive system following this model. In this paper, we deal both with the domain and the user's model. On one hand, the domain model called Semantic Learning Model (SLM) is described taking into account the pedagogical structure resulting from our pedagogical segmentation process. On the other hand, our user's model called eXtended Student
Working in ToonTalk with 4- and 5-year olds
We aim to find ways, tools and/or techniques that allow children in this age span to use programming language concepts to express rules and play with them. ToonTalk, with its visual, animated environment, and program-by-example methodology, seemed a very nice tool to start with. On this paper, we will present our experience using Portuguese ToonTalk with 7 children (5 were 4-year olds, 2 were 5- year olds), in Vila Real (Portugal) kindergartens, from May to June of 2000. The most encouraging res
What does electronic conferencing afford distance education?
Technology is potentially offering many opportunities to extend and expand distance learning in the higher education sector. Electronic conferencing, in particular, is seen as a technique, which offers opportunities for course delivery and methods of interaction for distant learners. This paper examines the similarities and differences between face-to-face seminars and on-line discussions. Through the concept of affordance it is shown that both benefits and limitations for interaction exist for
Políticas europeas de apoyo a la "Open and Distance Learning"(ODL) y el caso específico de la inte
En los últimos tiempos se han producido importantes cambios en el mundo universitario. Crecen las exigencias de la sociedad y se amplía el abanico de perfiles universitarios. En este nuevo marco surge la enseñanza abierta y a distancia (ODL, Open and Distance Learning) para suplir las necesidades de aquellos que tienen dificultades para acceder a la universidad "convencional" o bien para los que la prefieren como opción de estudio. Este artículo describe la situación actual de la ODL en el
New Types of Careers in the Knowledge Economy ? Networks and boundaryless jobs as a career strategy
Over the last few decades, many countries have found themselves in a context characterized by the spread of the knowledge-based economy (OECD, 1996; Foray and Lundvall, 1995; Soete, 1996; Storper, 1995). The Knowledge Economy implies a farreaching transformation of the labour market, particularly in terms of job mobility and career development (Christensen, 1989). In this context, careers are increasingly fragmented, and people are more mobile in the labour market, with social networks playing a
E-university – what have we learned?
Enforcing Cooperative Storytelling: First Studies
In this paper, we describe the first prototype of a system called StoryTable, aimed at supporting a group of children in the activity of storytelling. The system is based on a special multi-user touchable device (the MERL DiamondTouch) and it was designed with the purpose of enforcing collaboration between children. The paper discusses how the main design choices were influenced by the paradigm of cooperative learning and presents two observational studies to assess the effects of the different
A Plug-In Architecture for Graph Based Collaborative Modeling Systems
This paper presents ongoing work on a graphical modeling and discussion support system. One of the properties of the presented approach is that it tries to implement a "collaborative mind tool" approach, bridging the gap between a communication means and a system with AI functionality. The paper also points out the XML based plug-in mechanism of the system and illustrates it by several categorized examples.
Evaluating the organising of a collaborative telelearning scenario from an instructor perspective :
Not available,Masters dissertation (hovedfag). Department of Information Science, University of Bergen, Norway.
ICT-onderwijsmonitor studiejaar 2002/2003: Strategische keuzen bij ICT-innovatie van het Hoger onder
In het najaar van 2002 heeft het ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap opdracht gegeven aan Research voor Beleid en het SCO-Kohnstamm Instituut voor het uitvoeren van een ict-monitor hoger onderwijs. Doel van de ict-monitor is het verschaffen van een integraal beeld van de toepassing van ict voor onderwijsdoeleinden in het Nederlandse hoger onderwijs. Als eerste studie binnen de ict-monitor hoger onderwijs is een reviewstudie naar Nederlandse praktijkvoorbeelden uitgevoerd (Schoonenboo
Quelques éléments sur la conception et l'ingénierie des EIAH
Ce texte aborde quelques questions liées aux problématiques de la conception et de l'ingénierie des Environnements Informatiques pour l'Apprentissage Humain (EIAH). Après un rappel du champ que couvre la recherche en EIAH et quelques éléments généraux sur l'évolution de la nature des systèmes dans le contexte des TIC nous abordons la position de la problématique de la conception par rapport à la recherche en informatique, les spécificités de la conception d'un EIAH, la place des th
Current and future usages of E-learning metadata and ontologies.
The purpose of this report is to provide an overview on current and future usages of annotations, metadata and ontologies in the e-learning projects of the JEIRP partners. The first section of this article defines a methodology based on user roles which allows for a structured presentation of the usages. The methodology is used for the description of several current usage scenarios in Section 2. Additionally, this methodology allows identifying open research questions. These are described in det
Inventory of inquiry learning programs - updated version
Deliverable 18.1.2 presents the updated version of the inventory of inquiry learning programs of the Computer supported inquiry learning SIG. The aim of the inventory is to develop an exhaustive overview of applications, tools, web environments, and resources in the field of inquiry learning. The complete inventory is available on the website of the SIG (http://kaleidoscope.gw.utwente.nl/SIG.IL/). The present Deliverable (18.1.2) provides a description the changes that have been made and the mat
Framework for integrated learning
In this paper we outline the instructional approach of scripting CSCL. Scripts are didactic scenarios that structure collaborative learning activities in a number of phases. The scripts may define for each phase what task the students have to perform, the composition of the group, the way the task is distributed, the mode of interaction, and the timing of the phase. CSCL scripts can be further differentiated with regard to the design dimensions granularity, degree of coercion, locus of control,
Do partners care about their mutual location? Spatial awareness in virtual environments
This paper reports on four experimental studies concerning regard to how people use space so as to solve problems collaboratively in virtual environments. Prior to presenting the results, it summarizes the wide range of literature concerning social uses of spatiality in human interactions. The experiments we conducted revealed that virtual space modifies and improves collaborative processes such as division of labor, grounding, communication, coordination, as well as the performance to the task.
Socio-cognitive functions of space in collaborative settings : a literature review about Space, Cogn
This document reports on a brief literature review about social and cognitive functions of spatial features used when collaborating in both physical and virtual settings. Those concepts come from various fields like social, cognitive as well as environmental psychology or CSCW (Computer Supported Collaborative Work). I briefly summarize the social and cognitive affordances of spatial features like distance, proxemics, co-presence, visibility or activity in the context of physical and virtual spa
Is support really necessary within educational games?
Games can be powerful learning devices because of their interactive and multimedia capabilities, and their abilities to keep students motivated, active, deeply immersed and engaged for sustained periods of time. Yet the extent to which this translates into more effective knowledge and skill acquisition is not clear from the research reported so far. Several researchers have stressed that support tools should be added to game environments to ensure that learning takes place. In this paper we will
An Integrated Approach for Analysing and Assessing the Performance of Virtual Learning Groups
Collaborative distance learning involves a variety of elements and factors that have to be considered and measured in order to analyse and assess group and individual performance more effectively and objectively. This paper presents an approach that integrates qualitative, social network analysis (SNA) and quantitative techniques for evaluating online collaborative learning interactions. Integration of various different data sources, tools and techniques provides a more complete and robust frame