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En quoi les TIC changent-elles les pratiques d'ingénierie pédagogique du professeur d'université?
Depuis quelques années, le terme « in-génierie pédagogique » (instructional enginee-ring) est de plus en plus utilisé en rempla-cement de celui de « design pédagogique » (instructional design). Pourquoi? Rappelons d'abord que le terme « design pédagogique » est apparu au cours des années 1960, lors-que certains chercheurs (surtout améri-cains) ont commencé à mettre au point des méthodes systématiques et systémiques de planification et de développement de l'en-seignement. In
Author(s): Basque Josianne

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Apport de l’ingénierie ontologique aux environnements de formation à distance
Cet article explore le potentiel de l’ontologie et de l’ingénierie ontologique pour augmenter l’intelligence dans les environnements de formation à distance, ainsi que dans la conception de ces environnements. Il contient une introduction à l’ontologie avec ses origines dans la philosophie occidentale, une discussion des relations entre l’intelligence artificielle et l’ingénierie ontologique, suivie d’une description des méthodologies et des outils d’ingénierie ontologique. Plusieu
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Mendes Olavo,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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Vers un modèle générique d’assistance aux acteurs du téléapprentissage
Nous présentons un modèle générique d'assistance aux acteurs du téléapprentissage. Le modèle permet de décrire des systèmes d’assistance pour tout système informatisé distribué ou non, quel que soit le domaine de connaissances et quel que soit l’acteur du téléapprentissage (apprenant, concepteur, formateur-tuteur, etc.) qui utilise l’assistance. Le système d'assistance peut aider ces usagers en leur offrant des conseils et en adaptant l'interface en fonction de leurs caractéri
Author(s): Dufresne Aude,Basque Josianne,Paquette Gilbert,Leo

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Designing Virtual Learning Centers
Virtual universities and work-place virtual institutes are seen, more and more, as a solution to the huge education demand of the knowledge society. I will limit my subject here to the design of Virtual Learning Centers, seen as the pedagogical heart of a virtual educational institution. This is where courses or learning events are designed, constructed and delivered using the Internet and its many communication possibilities. Many models are available for these learning events. High-tech classr
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert

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An Instructional Engineering Method and Tool for the Design of Units of Learning
This chapter discusses how to build IMS learning designs focusing on three aspects, instructional engineering, modeling tools and graphical design techniques. First, we propose that instructional designers use a systemic and systematic instructional engineering method to build Units of Learning conforming to the IMS-LD specification. MISA, a mature instructional engineering method will serve as the basis to our design approach. Second, we present a graphical modeling tool, MOT+, and a representa
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,de la Teja Ileana,Leonard Michel,

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Ontology-aware systems in AI-ED research
This paper discusses long-term perspectives of AI-ED research aiming at giving a clear view of what we need for further promotion of the research from AI and ED point of view. An analysis of the current status of AI-ED research is done in the light of intelligence, conceptualization, standardization and theory-awareness. Then, ontology-based architecture with appropriate ontologies is proposed. Ontological engineering of IS/ID is next discussed followed by a road map towards an ontology-aware
Author(s): Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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Ontology Development at the Conceptual Level for Theory-Aware ITS Authoring Systems
This paper presents ontology engineering at the conceptual level, based on case analysis where an author (a human or software agent), assisted by an ITS authoring system, needs to select an instructional strategy (method) in order to develop a learning scenario or environment. A detailed description of the development process at the conceptual level is provided, followed by the presentation of its results. Outstanding issues raised therein will be shared for further reflection.
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacque

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Ontological Support for a Theory-Eclectic Approach to Instructional and Learning Design
Enhancement of learning with technology has been accelerating thanks to the advancement of information technology (IT) and the development of IT standards for learning. The purpose of this study is to build a still more advanced engineering infrastructure of utilization of instructional and learning theories for practitioners in line with such development. This paper discusses a modeling framework for instructional and learning theories based on ontological engineering and the compliance of IMS
Author(s): Hayashi Yusuke,Bourdeau Jacqueline,Mizoguchi Riich

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Using a concept mapping software as a knowledge construction tool in a graduate online course
Stemming from a twenty-month pedagogical experience using a concept mapping software for higher education students in an online course, this paper reports findings from what became an exploratory study. The objectives were to support the students’ knowledge construction process and to stimulate metacognitive reflection. After having read some instructional texts, students used an object-oriented modeling tool called MOT) to graphically represent a network of at least fifteen knowledge units of
Author(s): Basque Josianne,Pudelko Béatrice

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Ontological Engineering of Instruction: A Perspective
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Author(s): Bourdeau Jacqueline,Mizoguchi Riichiro

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Making Learning Design Standards Work with an Ontology of Educational Theories
In this paper, we present an ontology of educational theories their relation to learning design. This ontology takes into account learning design (LD) specifications such as OUNL-EML and IMS-LD at the conceptual level (1), semantic web standards such as OWL at the formal level (2), as well as JAVA standards at the implementation level (3). This ontology is intended to provide a knowledge base for any IMS-LD compliant authoring systems/LKMS, in order to provide services to authors of LD scenarios
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Bourdeau Jacqueline,Nkambou Roger,

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Standard-compliant Scenario Building with Theoretical Justification in a Theory-aware Authoring Tool
Nowadays standard technologies play important roles in enhancing sharability, reusability and interoperability of learning contents. However, there is a lack of pedagogical justification of the contents implemented with the standards. This paper discusses the standard-compliance of our ontology-based modeling framework and how the framework gives theoretical justification to standard-compliant learning/instructional scenarios in a theory-aware authoring tool.,Poster in 13th International Confere
Author(s): Hayashi Yusuke,Bourdeau Jacqueline,Mizoguchi Riich

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How to scaffold the students to design experimental procedures? A situation experienced by 108 high-
This paper presents a proposition to improve the construction of concepts when doing experimental activities, and, in fact, to improve the construction of sense in experimental activities. This research involved 108, 17-18 year old students designing an experimental procedure for palaeontology learning. We first developed an analyse of the expert procedure and second, we realised a teaching sequence in which students were led to design an experimental procedure to measure the facial angle of a c
Author(s): Marzin Patricia,d'Ham Cedric,Sanchez Eric

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Mobile Learning: Small devices, Big Issues
Over the past ten years mobile learning has grown from a minor research interest to a set of significant projects in schools, workplaces, museums, cities and rural areas around the world. Each project has shown how mobile technology can offer new opportunities for learning that extend within and beyond the traditional teacher-led classroom. Yet, the very diversity of the projects makes it difficult to capture the essence of mobile learning or to show how it contributes to the theory and practice
Author(s): Sharples Mike,Milrad Marcelo,Arnedillo Sánchez In

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Delivery of Learning Design: the Explor@ System’s Case
The IMS Learning Design Specification (IMS-LD) presents new challenges to learning delivery systems. To comply with this specification, delivery platforms must understand different learning strategies and course structures, must manage multi-actor environments, must allow for standard learning objects integration, must deal with conditions and rules to be validated on runtime and must support notifications. In this chapter, we take a look at these requirements from the viewpoint of an open deliv
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,Marino Olga,de la Teja Ileana,Leo

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Herzberg : une simulation multimédia à interactivité variable
Herzberg est un environnement de simulation multimédia permettant de visualiser et d’explorer la vibration et la rotation des molécules. Il permet de créer des documents formés d’un ensemble de pages affichant une ou deux molécules dans des configurations prédéfinies; un texte et une voix d’explication peuvent être associés à chaque page. Il est possible de fixer pour chaque document le niveau d’interactivité. On peut également, sans effectuer de programmation, ajouter de nouvell
Author(s): Couture Marc

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Credibility of a simulation-based virtual laboratory: An exploratory study of learner judgments of v
Several studies have examined realism and instructional effectiveness of physical simulations. However, very few have touched on the question of their credibility or verisimilitude, from the user’s point of view. This article presents an empirical exploratory study which investigated the perceptions of potential users of a simulation-based virtual physics laboratory (the VPLab). In the VPLab, students conduct virtual physics experiments designed to promote both acquisition of general experiment
Author(s): Francis Alexandre,Couture Marc

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Realism in the design process and credibility of a simulation-based virtual laboratory
The credibility of an instructional simulation is a most important issue in distance education, where it may replace hands-on activities. This credibility is based in large part upon verisimilitude, a perception strongly influenced by the simulation’s realism. This paper presents a case study encompassing the design process of a simulation-based virtual laboratory, which was guided by a realism principle, and an investigation of its credibility among potential users. We found that many characte
Author(s): Couture Marc

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Inside Theory-Aware and Standards-Compliant Authoring System
In their paper [14], Bourdeau and Mizoguchi foresaw a framework for ontology-based intelligent systems. Although it took longer years than their expectation, the ontology they have been developing is now released for evaluation with the help of the second author. Ontology building is a labor-intensive process and it is rarely perfect. Our enterprise is not an exception. The current ontology is still very preliminary because it has been completely reconstructed from the existing one with a few ne
Author(s): Mizoguchi Riichiro,Hayashi Yusuke,Bourdeau Jacquel

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OMAGE : Outils et Méthode pour la spécification des connaissances au sein d'un Atelier de Génie E
Les nouvelles technologies de l'information sont entrées au cœur de notre société et provoquent de profonds changements dans notre vie quotidienne, notamment dans le monde du travail. Or le métier d'enseignant n'a pas vraiment évolué, même si les méthodes éducatives changent, car toute tentative d'introduction de l'informatique se heurte à la méfiance des enseignants qui ont peur de perdre leur liberté de choix éducatifs. De plus, les avancées technologiques n'ont d'intérêt que
Author(s): Marquesuzaà Christophe

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