Designing to see and share structure in number sequences
This paper reports on a design experiment in the domain of number sequences conducted in the course of the WebLabs project. We iteratively designed and tested a set of activities and tools in which 10-14 year old students used the ToonTalk programming environment to construct models of sequences and series, and then shared their models and their observations about them utilising a webbased collaboration system. We report on the evolution of a design pattern (programming method) called ¬ĎStreams¬
Academic Use of Digital Resources: Disciplinary Differences and the Issue of Progression
This paper examines the use of digital resources by academics in UK Higher education. The explosive growth of the Internet and in particular the Web has led to a growth in speculation about networked and e-learning (Steeples and Jones 2003, Brown and Duguid 2000). Increasingly researchers have become aware of the ways the university resists such changes and provides a 'resourceful constraint' to the changes surrounding the introduction of networked learning (Brown and Duguid 2000, Cornford 2002)
Exploring the mathematics of motion through construction and collaboration.
In this paper we give a detailed account of the design principles and construction of activities designed for learning about the relationships between position, velocity and acceleration, and corresponding kinematics graphs. Our approach is model-based, that is, it focuses attention on the idea that students constructed their own models ‚Äď in the form of programs ‚Äď to formalise and thus extend their existing knowledge. In these activities, students controlled the movement of objects in a prog
Turtles, fairy tales and pen-friends - Enhancing socialisation, self-reliance and creativity in an I
The following is the story of a journey undertaken in the first months of 1997 in a small primary school in the village of Panico, 20 kilometres south of Bologna, in Italy. It is a very modern story, with a beginning, and with an open end. The story stops when the traveller has to abandon her journey, so that she can tell others the story of her journey. Actually, the story is not even a story, but an impressionistic journal seeking to capture the everchanging movements of a complex universe. It
Applying Competence Structures for Peer Tutor Recommendations in CSCL Environments.
Competence structures of the content and competence modelling of the learners provide well-suitable means for finding appropriate peer tutors in CSCL based on asynchronous messaging and annotations. Various criteria for the appropriateness of potential peer tutors can be discussed. An internet-based system used as a large scale Web experiment can then also deliver data for evaluating such criteria.
Over-scripting CSCL: The risks of blending collaborative learning with instructional design.
Free collaboration does not systematically produce learning. One way to enhance the effectiveness of collaborative learning is to structure interactions by engaging students in well-defined scripts. A collaboration script is a set of instructions prescribing how students should form groups, how they should interact and collaborate and how they should solve the problem. In computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL), the script is reified in the interface of the learning environment. This co
Literature Review in Informal Learning with Technology Outside School
When we think about learning, we often tend to think about schools, universities, colleges. If we go a little further and think about learning outside school, we might begin to consider museums, galleries and science centres. What we often tend to overlook, however, is the sort of learning that goes on as part of our normal day-to-day activities when we don't even think we are learning. Today, however, anyone who has an interest in how children learn with digital technologies needs to look beyon
Approche auteur pour les Situations Actives d'Apprentissage : Sc√©narios, Suivi et Ing√©nierie
Not available,M√©moire d'Habilitation √† Diriger des Recherches, sp√©cialit√© informatique, Universit√© Joseph Fourier ‚Äď Grenoble 1, Laboratoire CLIPS- IMAG, Grenoble, 22 Octobre 2005
Improving access to further and higher education - via satellites (a review of the opportunities aff
The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the opportunities afforded by recent developments in satellite technology in meeting educational needs. It has been commissioned by JISC and was written by Mathy Vanbuel of ATiT, Belgium.,A report published by JISC.
La evaluaci√≥n social e individual en la era de la educaci√≥n a distancia en la globalizaci√≥n
En la globalizaci√≥n tan ampliamente fomentada, especialmente por la educaci√≥n a distancia, debemos cuestionarnos sobre los valores que vivimos en nuestras culturas locales. La evaluaci√≥n que instauramos dentro de nuestros cursos puede tambi√©n convertirse en otro mecanismo de homogenizaci√≥n. Para contrarrestar estas desventajas y poder construir juntos sociedades distintas pero solidarias, propongo un an√°lisis de la evaluaci√≥n como veh√≠culo ideol√≥gico de perpetuaci√≥n de la distribuci√≥n
Conception d'un environnement informatique pour la formation des chirurgiens
Nous pr√©sentons dans cet article un travail en cours de conception d'un environnement informatique destin√© √† la formation des chirurgiens orthop√©distes. Ce syst√®me permet au chirurgien d'acqu√©rir des notions portant sur le vissage percutan√© des fractures de la hanche. Il porte sur l'apprentissage des connaissances et des contr√īles de l'action n√©cessaires √† la r√©alisation de l'intervention en situation r√©elle ; il ne porte pas sur l'apprentissage du geste. Cet outil d'aide √† l'appren
Report on literature on mobile learning, science and collaborative acitivity
This report combines: a literature review of work on mobile learning in informal science settings, a report on empirical work on mobile learning in each of the partners, and guidelines on context-awareness.,(D33.2.2). EU Sixth Framework programme priority 2, Information society technology, Network of Excellence Kaleidoscope, (contract NoE IST-507838), project "Mobile learning in informal science settings"
Review of the impact of technology-enhanced learning on roles and practices in Higher Education
This initial review draws together the state of the art in research into the impact of technology on roles and practices in higher education and sets an agenda for the remaining work of the project.,(D30.2.1) EU Sixth Framework programme priority 2, Information society technology, Network of Excellence Kaleidoscope, (contract NoE IST-507838), project "The impact of technology-enhanced learning on roles and practices in higher education"
State of the art of interaction analysis for Metacognitive Support & Diagnosis
The document concerns Computer Based Interaction Analysis that could support technology based learning activities' participants (e.g. students, teachers) or observers (e.g. teachers, researchers). The underlying considerations and analyses focus on interactions that occur via technology based Learning Environments, designed for stand alone use or collaborative use. Special emphasis is given on Interactions Analysis (IA) outputs that could support learning activities' participants in cognitive an
T√≥picos sobre programa√ß√£o de computadores como m√©todo educativo no jardim-de-inf√Ęncia
Temos vindo a explorar a possibilidade de utilizar a programa√ß√£o de computadores no jardim-de-inf√Ęncia, no √Ęmbito da metodologia construcionista desenvolvida por Seymour Papert. Para o efeito, recorremos √† linguagem ToonTalk, que permite a realiza√ß√£o de programa√ß√£o de computadores sob a forma de anima√ß√£o, dispensando a leitura e a escrita. Este artigo d√° conta das estrat√©gias que utiliz√°mos e das constata√ß√Ķes que efectu√°mos por observa√ß√£o e experimenta√ß√£o.
Geospatially aware social software and Africa
We present a proposal for the development and implementation of a group of tools that will support the collection and sharing of georeferenced information. Locations such as rural Africa suffer from a technical problem hampering their participation in the global information community: infrastructures and terminals for Internet access are non-existent or of poor quality. We believe that cell-phone software can be leveraged as a way to bridge this. One important contribution that local communities
ICT-onderwijsmonitor studiejaar 2002/2003: Strategische keuzen bij ICT-innovatie van het Hoger onder
In het najaar van 2002 heeft het ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap opdracht gegeven aan Research voor Beleid en het SCO-Kohnstamm Instituut voor het uitvoeren van een ict-monitor hoger onderwijs. Doel van de ict-monitor is het verschaffen van een integraal beeld van de toepassing van ict voor onderwijsdoeleinden in het Nederlandse hoger onderwijs. Als eerste studie binnen de ict-monitor hoger onderwijs is een reviewstudie naar Nederlandse praktijkvoorbeelden uitgevoerd (Schoonenboo
Do partners care about their mutual location? Spatial awareness in virtual environments
This paper reports on four experimental studies concerning regard to how people use space so as to solve problems collaboratively in virtual environments. Prior to presenting the results, it summarizes the wide range of literature concerning social uses of spatiality in human interactions. The experiments we conducted revealed that virtual space modifies and improves collaborative processes such as division of labor, grounding, communication, coordination, as well as the performance to the task.
Using Ontological Engineering to Overcome Common AI-ED Problems
This paper discusses long-term prospects of AI-ED research with the aim of giving a clear view of what we need for further promotion of the research from both the AI and ED points of view. An analysis of the current status of AI-ED research is done in the light of intelligence, conceptualization, standardization and theory-awareness. Following this, an ontology-based architecture with appropriate ontologies is proposed. Ontological engineering of IS/ID is next discussed followed by a road map to
Segregated Schooling in Alabama
This scrapbook documents conditions in Birmingham's segregated schools in 1963, as well as white resistance to integration.