Understanding the environment: Problems with the way we think
There is increasing recognition that the reductionist mindset that is currently dominating society, rooted in unlimited economic growth unperceptive to its social and environmental impact, cannot resolve the converging environmental, social and economic crises we now face. The primary aim of this unit is to encourage the shift away from reductionist and human centred thinking towards a holistic and ecological worldview.
Author(s): The Open University

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Working with our environment - an introduction
Global warming: are we responsible? Is our environmental impact damaging the planet? This unit examines the use of ozone depleting technology, the impact of fossil fuel use and explores how the development of technology can influence the direction of a society. From the Industrial Revolution to the present day find out how we have changed the planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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Energy resources: Nuclear energy
The transformation of radioactive uranium and, in some instances, thorium isotopes provides vastly more energy per unit mass of fuel than any other energy source, except nuclear fusion, and therein lies its greatest attraction. The unit considers the advantages and limitations of generating this power and the environmental and security issues that the process raises.
Author(s): The Open University

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Energy resources: Geothermal energy
Energy from sources other than fossil and nuclear fuels is to a large extent free of the concerns about environmental effects and renewability that characterise those two sources. Each alternative source supplies energy continually, whether or not we use it. This unit considers one of these alternative sources, geothermal energy derived from the interior heat of the Earth, and the potential for this alternative to supplant fossil and nuclear fuel use to power social needs fast enough to avoid t
Author(s): The Open University

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Energy resources: Solar energy
Energy from sources other than fossil and nuclear fuels is to a large extent free of the concerns about environmental effects and renewability that characterize those two sources. Each alternative source supplies energy continuall, whether or not we use it, and most have their origins in energy generated outside the Earth, yet the potential of each is limited by its total supply set against its rate of use. The Sun will radiate energy until it ceases thermonuclear fusion, in around 5 billion yea
Author(s): The Open University

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Collaborative Projects Using Wikis
Collaborative Projects Using Wikis - Simon Kemp and Adam Warren Keywords:e-learning , case study , Civil and Environmental Engineering , wiki , Postgraduate students
Author(s): No creator set

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Transportation in Contemporary Society: A Complex Systems Approach
In the nineteen fifties and sixties, students of transportation focused on building infrastructure and applied lessons from the physical sciences to designing mobility. Mobility was facilely linked to the engines of economic growth and expanding GDP. In time, that perspective was replaced by a focus on transportation systems and
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Transportation Policy: Thinking Globally, Acting Locally and Walking the Talk
Why do so many sustainable transportation programs turn out, like the Alice in the Wonderland parable to lead us down unexpected paths? Fred Salvucci observes that true sustainable transport requires making more than short-term fixes. A sustainable transportation program is built upon the pyramid of three “E”s: equit
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Classification of Precedents - A Hybrid Approach to Indexing and Retrieving Design Cases in SEED (a
An efficient indexing of past solutions is crucial to case-based design (CBD) systems performing complex retrieval on large case-bases. This paper suggests a hybrid approach to the indexing and retrieval of design precedents. The suggested approach accounts for the issues of classification manifested in architectural discussions on type and CBD literature. The indexing scheme integrates description-logic based representation for classification and an object-based representation for precedents. T
Author(s): Aygen, Z. and Flemming, U.

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Rights not set

Governing Climate Change After Copenhagen
Ngaire Woods chairs a panel discussion looking into the political, economic and environmental consequences of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference last year
Author(s): Ngaire Woods, Sir David King, Cameron Hepburn

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8.3 Chromosome distribution within the nucleus

DNA from any one particular chromosome is a single chain, many millions of bases long, and this chain is attached to a scaffold structure. It is not surprising then, that if we examine the interphase nucleus, each chromosome is seen to fill a localised area. This localised distribution of individual chromosomes is illustrated in Figure 42 with an examination of human chromosomes within the interphase nucleus. In these examples, special DNA probes have been used to detect the location of the e
Author(s): The Open University

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1.2.2 Bringing in the atmosphere: the natural greenhouse effect

As a dam built across a river causes a local deepening of the stream, so our atmosphere, thrown as a barrier across the terrestrial rays, produces a local heightening of the temperature at the Earth's surface.

(Tyndall, 1862, quoted in Weart, 2004)

Thus, writing in 1862, John Tyndall (Figure 6) described the key to our modern understanding of why the Earth's surface is so much warmer than t
Author(s): The Open University

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4.5 The Kew Gardens Millennium Seed Bank Appeal

Cover from the Kew Gardens Millennium Seed Bank Appeal leaflet.
Figure 6 Cover from the Kew Gardens Millennium Seed Bank Appeal leaflet

Author(s): The Open University

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1.2 A framing paradox: experiencing nature with cognitive tools
This unit explores conceptual tools for assisting our thinking and deliberation on what matters. The notion of ‘framing’ nature is introduced and three readings provide an understanding of systems thinking for explicitly framing issues of environmental responsibility.
Author(s): The Open University

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1.4 Caring for the consequences
This unit considers environmental responsibility and what may matter from a caring perspective and an accountability perspective. Caring for an environment compromising the natural world and ensuring accountability for harm or wrong done to the environment.
Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes
This unit considers environmental responsibility and what may matter from a caring perspective and an accountability perspective. Caring for an environment compromising the natural world and ensuring accountability for harm or wrong done to the environment.
Author(s): The Open University

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References

Association of Essex Councils Steering Group (1999) Essex Biodiversity Action Plan, London, HMSO.
Baring-Gould, S. (1983) Mehalah, Woodbridge, The Boydell Press (first published 1880).
Blackmore, R. and Barratt, R. (2003) ‘Dynamic atmosphere: changing climate and air quality’ in Morris, R.M. et al. (eds).

Author(s): The Open University

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2.4 Summarising conversation as what matters
This unit focuses on the substance of environmental responsibility – what matters. The question ‘What should constitute our prime focus of attention?’ can prompt different responses. We consider two points of contrast in differing focuses on what matters: 1 a distinction between nature and the environment 2 a distinction between nature/environment and related human interactions
Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes
Global warming: are we responsible? Is our environmental impact damaging the planet? This unit examines the use of ozone depleting technology, the impact of fossil fuel use and explores how the development of technology can influence the direction of a society. From the Industrial Revolution to the present day find out how we have changed the planet.
Author(s): The Open University

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4.5 Geological criteria for safe radioactive waste disposal
The transformation of radioactive uranium and, in some instances, thorium isotopes provides vastly more energy per unit mass of fuel than any other energy source, except nuclear fusion, and therein lies its greatest attraction. The unit considers the advantages and limitations of generating this power and the environmental and security issues that the process raises.
Author(s): The Open University

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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University