Détermination automatique des théorèmes-en-acte des élèves en algèbre. Le cas des équations e
Dans cet article, nous sommes intéressés à la détermination automatique de théorèmes-en-acte en algèbre. Ces théorèmes-en-acte ont été construits de façon abstraite, puis nous avons cherché à automatiser le mécanisme de leur diagnostic. Pour cela, nous avons utilisé le logiciel Aplusix comme support des productions des élèves qui permet d'enregistrer toutes les actions des élèves. Une base de règles correctes et erronées a été mise en place et un interpréteur de règles
Author(s): Chaachoua Hamid,Nicaud Jean-François,Bittar Maril

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La sélection collaborative de pages Web pertinentes
A l'aide d'une étude expérimentale, nous avons testé les impacts d'un dispositif informatique simple pouvant aider à la recherche collaborative de pages Web pertinente chez les étudiants. Dans l'une des conditions expérimentales, les membres d'un même groupe d'étudiants pouvaient avoir des indications quant aux pages Web déjà visitées par les autres membres de leur groupe. Plusieurs indicateurs comportementaux et de performances des utilisateurs (nombre de pages consultées, temps pou
Author(s): Dinet Jérôme

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The Collaborative Visualization Project
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Principles of Effective Online Teaching
Principles of effective online teaching helps you understand and develop your own e-learning by presenting various approaches, options, and decisions involved in e-learning. The book also provides the necessary overview of constructs, relevant pedagogical theories, and definitions common to the field. It has been designed to help you navigate the virtual forest of e-learning and the rethinking and modifying of your teaching, curriculum, and methods of planning necessary to become more effective
Author(s): Buzzetto-More Nicole A.

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Learning Objects 4: Applications, Implications, & Future Direction
This is the fourth and final book of this series on Learning Objects (LO). Whereas the first three books were essentially concerned with current developments in the field, this book presents a wide-ranging series of discussions of potential and probable developments in the field. Part I encompasses Chapters 1 through Chapter 5. The focus is upon LO within the context of e-learning and online learning. We realize that our authors (like us) often use the terms "e-learning" and "online learning" in
Author(s): Harman Keith,Koohang Alex

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L'Algebrista: un manipolatore simbolico elementare
Presentazione di un nuovo software didattico per l’introduzione degli allievi all’algebra. L’idea di base è quella di costruire un micromondo nel quale le attività di manipolazione simbolica corrispondano alle attività di deduzione all’interno di una teoria. L’ipotesi didattica vede tale micromondo come possibile mediatore del significato di teoria ed in particolare di dimostrazione.
Author(s): Cerulli Michele,Mariotti Maria Alessandra

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The Grid Shared Desktop: a bootstrapping environment for collaboration
The paradigm shift from an information sharing infrastructure (i.e., the Web) to a resource sharing infrastructure (i.e., the Grid) has boosted the development of a new generation of online services. In particular, Grid services are stateful, dynamic and operate in a secure environment. Therefore they offer capabilities that are essential to remote collaboration. In this paper, we tackle the problem of bootstrapping and supporting a collaborative environment over a Grid infrastructure. As we tar
Author(s): Dugénie Pascal,Lemoisson Philippe,Jonquet Clement

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Competence-based Knowledge Structures for Personalised Learning
The ELeGI project focuses on integrating technology-enhanced learning methodologies into a pedagogy-driven and service-oriented architecture based on Grid technology. It aims at a system that is capable of realising personalised, adaptive, and experiential learning. This requires to have available a framework that, on the one hand, allows for representing existing domain knowledge, and, on the other hand, provides a representation of the learner's current state of knowledge. It is shown that a
Author(s): Heller Jürgen,Mayer Birgit,Albert Dietrich

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Towards On-Line Services Based on a Holistic Analysis of Human Activities
Very often computer scientists view computerization of services in terms of the logistics of human-machine interaction, including establishing a contract, accessing records, and of course designing an interface. But this analysis often moves too quickly to tactical details, failing to frame the entire service in human terms, and not recognizing the mutual learning required to define and relate goals, constraints, and the personalized value of available services. In particular, on-line services t
Author(s): Clancey William J.

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SCORM and the Learning Grid
The Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a profile of several elearning specification to ensure the reusability and interoperability of elearning content in web based Learning Management Systems (LMSs). Learning grids - learning environments built on the technology of grid services - are a promising new approach to enhance quality of elearning by overcoming the page oriented structure of the web. This paper investigates how SCORM can be used in conjunction with learning grids. Aft
Author(s): Neumann Fred,Geys Rüdiger

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Building Assessment Web Service from Question Type Learning Objects
In this paper we discuss the TestTool system as an established testing system model, the one that is being used in real educational settings and supports self-assessment as well as testing learning practices. We then elaborate how this learning object-based system is being re-engineered and extended within the context of Web service oriented architecture. Testing Web service implementation along with considerations regarding how e-learning services from distributed Learning Objects could be com
Author(s): Reklaitis Vytautas,Baniulis Kazys,Aukstakalnis Ner

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The Challenge of Change: Reducing Conflict in Implementing e-Learning
This paper calls for the design of the European Grid for Learning to take note of important issues which have arisen in previous e-learning cycles in the UK. In particular, low take-up of products and services by lecturers has been explained in terms of techno-fear, or ignorance of e-learning potential. These claims are unsubstantiated. Other explanations are possible for the observed resistance of the educational specialist to the use of educational technology. Rather than ignore possible area
Author(s): Michaelson Rosa

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Towards Collaborative Learning via Shared Artefacts over the Grid
The Web is the most pervasive collaborative technology in widespread use today; and its use to support eLearning has been highly successful. There are many web-based Virtual Learning Environments such as WebCT, FirstClass, and BlackBoard as well as associated web-based Managed Learning Environments. In the future, the Grid promises to provide an extremely powerful infrastructure allowing both learners and teachers to collaborate in various learning contexts and to share learning materials, lea
Author(s): Boldyreff Cornelia,Kyaw Phyo,Lavery Janet,Nutter D

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Combining qualitative evaluation and social network analysis for the study of classroom social inter
Studying and evaluating real experiences that promote active and collaborative learning is a crucial field in CSCL. Major issues that remain unsolved deal with the merging of qualitative and quantitative methods and data, especially in educational settings that involve both physical and computer-supported collaboration. In this paper we present a mixed evaluation method that combines traditional sources of data with computer logs, and integrates quantitative statistics, qualitative data analysis
Author(s): Martinez Alejandra,Dimitriadis Yannis,Rubia-Avi Ba

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Teaching Teachers to Use ICT to Teach History: WWF meets ICT in the classroom
In this paper the authors explore the purpose and potential of using ICT to enhance the teaching of some aspects of the history National Curriculum in England and Wales. The focus is on the ways in which learning takes place in the context of historical knowledge and how the appropriate use of computers is able to engage pupils in the process of their own learning. The paper includes many examples and teaching ideas drawn from current classroom practice and training materials for initial teach
Author(s): Hughes Malcolm,Gibbs Marie

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Discovery of Ideas and Ideas about Discovery : The influence of prior knowledge on scientific discov
Context of this research project. The empirical studies that were carried out for this thesis were performed in the context of the project 'Inductive Learning’,which was funded by the Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). The inductive learning project aimed at ‘clarifying the major constraints of inductive knowledge development’ (as stated in the research proposal). The constraints of inductive knowledge that were specifically studied in the project were prior knowledge, disc
Author(s): Hulshof Casper

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Semantic annotation for the teacher: models for a computerized memory tool
This article aims to propose a model of semantic annotation dedicated to the teacher. This model must adapt to the teacher’s activity specificity, who needs to master both a pedagogical and domain expertise. In this paper, we analyze the particularity of the teacher’s annotation language that enables the teacher to express his own expertise. First, we identify the concepts of this annotation language used by the community of teachers. Then we propose a conceptual model of this language base
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Desmoulins Cyrille

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Semantic Annotation Tools for Learning Material
This paper aims at providing the specification for semantic annotation tools for e-learning. From the specific requirements of annotating learning material, we categorize and evaluate the existing annotation tools, mainly general purpose ones. We illustrate two research prototypes of annotation tools we developed, and evaluate to what extend the specific requirements of annotating learning material are reached by these research prototypes
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Chen Weiqin,Desmoulins Cyrille

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An integrated perspective to approach technology in mathematics education
This paper concerns a research work developed in an European project. The aim of this work was to produce a document integrating the different theoretical frameworks employed by the project teams. The theoretical constructs of didactical functionalities, and experimental educational cycle, associated to an ICT tool, allowed us to analyse the roles played by technology in the considered set of theoretical frameworks. With this respect, we present examples concerning the theory of didactic situati
Author(s): Cerulli Michele,Pedemonte Bettina,Robotti Elisabet

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An analysis of the SRL potential of TD-SSIS 2005 a Technology Enhanced Learning Environment based on
This report presents an analysis of the potential support to Self-Regulated Learning granted by a CSCL environment set up for a teacher traing course on Educational Technology. The analysis is made by applying a check-list developed within the European project TELEPEERS.,Research report
Author(s): Dettori Giuliana,Giannetti Tania,Persico Donatella

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