L'Algebrista: un manipolatore simbolico elementare
Presentazione di un nuovo software didattico per l’introduzione degli allievi all’algebra. L’idea di base è quella di costruire un micromondo nel quale le attività di manipolazione simbolica corrispondano alle attività di deduzione all’interno di una teoria. L’ipotesi didattica vede tale micromondo come possibile mediatore del significato di teoria ed in particolare di dimostrazione.
Author(s): Cerulli Michele,Mariotti Maria Alessandra

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The Grid Shared Desktop: a bootstrapping environment for collaboration
The paradigm shift from an information sharing infrastructure (i.e., the Web) to a resource sharing infrastructure (i.e., the Grid) has boosted the development of a new generation of online services. In particular, Grid services are stateful, dynamic and operate in a secure environment. Therefore they offer capabilities that are essential to remote collaboration. In this paper, we tackle the problem of bootstrapping and supporting a collaborative environment over a Grid infrastructure. As we tar
Author(s): Dugénie Pascal,Lemoisson Philippe,Jonquet Clement

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Competence-based Knowledge Structures for Personalised Learning
The ELeGI project focuses on integrating technology-enhanced learning methodologies into a pedagogy-driven and service-oriented architecture based on Grid technology. It aims at a system that is capable of realising personalised, adaptive, and experiential learning. This requires to have available a framework that, on the one hand, allows for representing existing domain knowledge, and, on the other hand, provides a representation of the learner's current state of knowledge. It is shown that a
Author(s): Heller Jürgen,Mayer Birgit,Albert Dietrich

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Towards On-Line Services Based on a Holistic Analysis of Human Activities
Very often computer scientists view computerization of services in terms of the logistics of human-machine interaction, including establishing a contract, accessing records, and of course designing an interface. But this analysis often moves too quickly to tactical details, failing to frame the entire service in human terms, and not recognizing the mutual learning required to define and relate goals, constraints, and the personalized value of available services. In particular, on-line services t
Author(s): Clancey William J.

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SCORM and the Learning Grid
The Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a profile of several elearning specification to ensure the reusability and interoperability of elearning content in web based Learning Management Systems (LMSs). Learning grids - learning environments built on the technology of grid services - are a promising new approach to enhance quality of elearning by overcoming the page oriented structure of the web. This paper investigates how SCORM can be used in conjunction with learning grids. Aft
Author(s): Neumann Fred,Geys Rüdiger

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Building Assessment Web Service from Question Type Learning Objects
In this paper we discuss the TestTool system as an established testing system model, the one that is being used in real educational settings and supports self-assessment as well as testing learning practices. We then elaborate how this learning object-based system is being re-engineered and extended within the context of Web service oriented architecture. Testing Web service implementation along with considerations regarding how e-learning services from distributed Learning Objects could be com
Author(s): Reklaitis Vytautas,Baniulis Kazys,Aukstakalnis Ner

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The Challenge of Change: Reducing Conflict in Implementing e-Learning
This paper calls for the design of the European Grid for Learning to take note of important issues which have arisen in previous e-learning cycles in the UK. In particular, low take-up of products and services by lecturers has been explained in terms of techno-fear, or ignorance of e-learning potential. These claims are unsubstantiated. Other explanations are possible for the observed resistance of the educational specialist to the use of educational technology. Rather than ignore possible area
Author(s): Michaelson Rosa

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Towards Collaborative Learning via Shared Artefacts over the Grid
The Web is the most pervasive collaborative technology in widespread use today; and its use to support eLearning has been highly successful. There are many web-based Virtual Learning Environments such as WebCT, FirstClass, and BlackBoard as well as associated web-based Managed Learning Environments. In the future, the Grid promises to provide an extremely powerful infrastructure allowing both learners and teachers to collaborate in various learning contexts and to share learning materials, lea
Author(s): Boldyreff Cornelia,Kyaw Phyo,Lavery Janet,Nutter D

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Combining qualitative evaluation and social network analysis for the study of classroom social inter
Studying and evaluating real experiences that promote active and collaborative learning is a crucial field in CSCL. Major issues that remain unsolved deal with the merging of qualitative and quantitative methods and data, especially in educational settings that involve both physical and computer-supported collaboration. In this paper we present a mixed evaluation method that combines traditional sources of data with computer logs, and integrates quantitative statistics, qualitative data analysis
Author(s): Martinez Alejandra,Dimitriadis Yannis,Rubia-Avi Ba

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Teaching Teachers to Use ICT to Teach History: WWF meets ICT in the classroom
In this paper the authors explore the purpose and potential of using ICT to enhance the teaching of some aspects of the history National Curriculum in England and Wales. The focus is on the ways in which learning takes place in the context of historical knowledge and how the appropriate use of computers is able to engage pupils in the process of their own learning. The paper includes many examples and teaching ideas drawn from current classroom practice and training materials for initial teach
Author(s): Hughes Malcolm,Gibbs Marie

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Discovery of Ideas and Ideas about Discovery : The influence of prior knowledge on scientific discov
Context of this research project. The empirical studies that were carried out for this thesis were performed in the context of the project 'Inductive Learning’,which was funded by the Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). The inductive learning project aimed at ‘clarifying the major constraints of inductive knowledge development’ (as stated in the research proposal). The constraints of inductive knowledge that were specifically studied in the project were prior knowledge, disc
Author(s): Hulshof Casper

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Semantic annotation for the teacher: models for a computerized memory tool
This article aims to propose a model of semantic annotation dedicated to the teacher. This model must adapt to the teacher’s activity specificity, who needs to master both a pedagogical and domain expertise. In this paper, we analyze the particularity of the teacher’s annotation language that enables the teacher to express his own expertise. First, we identify the concepts of this annotation language used by the community of teachers. Then we propose a conceptual model of this language base
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Desmoulins Cyrille

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Semantic Annotation Tools for Learning Material
This paper aims at providing the specification for semantic annotation tools for e-learning. From the specific requirements of annotating learning material, we categorize and evaluate the existing annotation tools, mainly general purpose ones. We illustrate two research prototypes of annotation tools we developed, and evaluate to what extend the specific requirements of annotating learning material are reached by these research prototypes
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Chen Weiqin,Desmoulins Cyrille

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An integrated perspective to approach technology in mathematics education
This paper concerns a research work developed in an European project. The aim of this work was to produce a document integrating the different theoretical frameworks employed by the project teams. The theoretical constructs of didactical functionalities, and experimental educational cycle, associated to an ICT tool, allowed us to analyse the roles played by technology in the considered set of theoretical frameworks. With this respect, we present examples concerning the theory of didactic situati
Author(s): Cerulli Michele,Pedemonte Bettina,Robotti Elisabet

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An analysis of the SRL potential of TD-SSIS 2005 a Technology Enhanced Learning Environment based on
This report presents an analysis of the potential support to Self-Regulated Learning granted by a CSCL environment set up for a teacher traing course on Educational Technology. The analysis is made by applying a check-list developed within the European project TELEPEERS.,Research report
Author(s): Dettori Giuliana,Giannetti Tania,Persico Donatella

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An analysis of the SRL potential of a Technology Enhanced Learning Environment based on the software
This report presents an analysis of the potential support to Self-Regulated Learning granted by a multimedia environment aiming to lead students of junior high-school to reason consistently on environmental issues. The analysis is made by applying a check-list developed within the European project TELEPEERS.,research Report
Author(s): Dettori Giuliana,Giannetti Tania,Digitali Barbara

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Les logiciels d'apprentissage : panoplie ou éventail ?
The main goal of this article is to elaborate a typology in the domain of computer-supported learning. The first problem that has to be addressed concerns the diversity of computer-supported learning programs and the multiple ways in which one could classify them. The proposed typology is based on the pedagogical function aimed at by the teachers or designers. Moreover, we propose a characterisation on three aspects : the tasks proposed to the learners, the theoretical viewpoint underlying the d
Author(s): de Vries Erica

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The Aplusix-Editor: A New Kind of Software for the Learning of Algebra
The first part of the paper presents our conception of a new kind of software for helping students to learn algebra. Such software has three main characteristics. First it includes an advanced editor that allows the student to build easily algebraic expressions. Second it reifies the student's reasoning as a tree. Third it verifies the student's calculations. In the second part, we present the Aplusix-Editor, a system of that kind that we have realised, and we describe the first tests of this sy
Author(s): Nicaud Jean-François,Bouhineau Denis,Huguet Thoma

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Question and test interoperability - organization, reuse and management of assessments' contents
One of the modern trends in nowadays e-learning technologies and system development is toward creation of standards-based distributed computing applications. The presented paper examines ways of creation, organization, packaging, storage management and usage of e-learning courseware, regarding these modern elearning standards and technologies. It puts a special accent towards development and management of assessment contents. After a short overview and comparison of the standards and ways of the
Author(s): Petrov Milen,Bontchev Boyan

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Futurelab: What if...? Re-imagining learning spaces
We are currently witnessing a massive investment in the design and build of new schools to equip the UK education system for the 21st century. The economically and architecturally ambitious Building Schools for the Future (BSF) programme is setting out to rebuild or renew every secondary school in England over the next 10 to 15 years. But how much of this effort has been inspired by an equally wide-reaching educational vision?,Research report
Author(s): Rudd Tim,Gifford Carolyn,Morrison Jo,Facer Keri

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