Scripting argumentation in technology enhanced learning: a proposed system architecture
Argumentative knowledge construction is an important component of critical thinking. Learners who collaboratively argue about a subject can potentially develop domain knowledge and have the opportunity to use evidence critically in order to make sense of the subject under consideration. Moreover learners have to take into account claims and evidence of each other during argumentation and in this way they develop mental models for argument construction and sequence. However, research indicates th
Author(s): Bouyias Yannis,Demetriadis Stavros,Tsoukalas Ioann

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Enabling Students to Construct Theories of Collaborative Inquiry and Reflective Learning: Computer S
To develop lifelong learning skills, we argue that students need to learn how to learn via inquiry and understand the sociocognitive and metacognitive processes that are involved. We illustrate how software could play a central role in enabling students to develop such expertise. Our hypothesis is that sociocognitive systems, such as those needed for collaborative inquiry and reflective learning, can best be understood as a community of interacting agents, who each have expertise in accomplishin
Author(s): White Barbara Y.,Shimoda Todd A.,Frederiksen John

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Authoring Intelligent Tutoring Systems: An analysis of the state of the art
This paper consists of an in-depth summary and analysis of the research and development state of the art for intelligent tutoring system (ITS) authoring systems. A seven-part categorization of two dozen authoring systems is given, followed by a characterization of the authoring tools and the types of ITSs that are built for each category. An overview of the knowledge acquisition and authoring techniques used in these systems is given. A characterization of the design tradeoffs involved in buildi
Author(s): Murray Tom

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Enhancing Fourth Graders’ Ability to Interpret Graphical Representations Through the Use of Microco
This article reports on a research effort that investigated whether the use of Microcomputer-Based Labs (MBLs), implemented within an inquiry-based activity sequence on phase transformations (melting and freezing), contributes to the development of fourth grade (9-10 year-old) students’ conceptual understanding and ability to construct and interprete graphs. The participants of the study were 65 fourth graders (organized into an experimental and two control groups). The experimental treatment i
Author(s): Nicolaou Christiana Th.,Nicolaidou Iolile,Zacharia

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Bridging the Gap Between Empirical Data on Open-Ended Tutorial Interactions and Computational Models
In this paper we present an approach to using empirical data on human teacher-learner interactions to guide the development of a pedagogical agent for supporting musical composition learning. Our approach to bridging the gap between tutorial interaction analysis and computational models, intended for use in learning support systems, is a new one. We support our claim by pointing out that most of the previous work in the area of using human tutors as models has been conducted in domains that are
Author(s): Cook John

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Supporting Social Interaction in an Intelligent Collaborative Learning System
Students learning effectively in groups encourage each other to ask questions, explain and justify their opinions, articulate their reasoning, and elaborate and reflect upon their knowledge. The benefits of collaborative learning, however, are only achieved by active, well-functioning teams. This paper presents a model of collaborative learning designed to help an intelligent collaborative learning system identify and target group interaction problem areas. The model describes potential indicato
Author(s): Soller Amy

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Methodological Issues in the Content Analysis of Computer Conference Transcripts
This paper discusses the potential and the methodological challenges of analyzing computer conference transcripts using quantitative content analysis. The paper is divided into six sections, which discuss: criteria for content analysis, research designs, types of content, units of analysis, ethical issues, and software to aid analysis. The discussion is supported with a survey of 19 commonly referenced studies published during the last decade. The paper is designed to assist researchers in using
Author(s): Rourke Liam,Anderson Terry,Garrison D. Randy,Arche

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Analysing Educational Dialogue Interaction: Towards Models that Support Learning
The motivation for this special issue on analysing dialogue interaction was provided by the one-day workshop with the same title held at AI-Ed '99 in Le Mans. From this workshop a number of common themes and issues emerged. The call for papers for this special issue was based around these themes: * valid and reliable approaches to identifying dialogue structures and features * the role of dialogue in learning as evidenced by dialogue analysis * computational models of dialogue in Intelligent Edu
Author(s): Pilkington Rachel

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MetaLinks: Authoring and Affordances for Conceptual and Narrative Flow in Adaptive Hyperbooks
MetaLinks, an authoring tool and web server for adaptive hyperbooks, is described. MetaLinks hyperbooks provide textbook-like content in a flexible manner that supports opportunistic processes of active reading and learning. Through adaptive methods a single on-line artifact can address the diverse needs of a variety of user goals and backgrounds. The system is designed to support inquiry, exploratory, or curiosity-driven learning in richly interconnected material and to ameliorate a number of u
Author(s): Murray Tom

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Care - Making the Affective Leap: More Than a Concerned Interest in a Learner's Cognitive Abilities
This commentary addresses the issues of 'care' in intelligent learning systems more precisely, elaborating and extending the definition to include recent research from neuroscience and education on the affective aspects of learning. It reflects on the association of profound empathy with care and in what ways the systems described in this issue illustrate features of profound empathy. It concludes that though they all include some features of profound empathy they all lack an elaborate definitio
Author(s): Cooper Bridget

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An Algebra Subsystem for Diagnosing Students' Input in a Physics Tutoring System
To help a student in an introductory physics course do quantitative homework problems, an intelligent tutoring system must determine information of an algebraic nature. This paper describes a subsystem which resolves such questions for Andes2. The capabilities of the subsystem would be useful for any ITS which deals with problems involving complex systems of equations. This subsystem is capable of 1) solving the systems of equations at the level of introductory physics problems, 2) checking the
Author(s): Shapiro Joel A.

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New authoring frameworks for integrating collaborative learning technologies
This workshop is intended for CSCL researchers and/or their technologists who are interested in designing and then actually creating rich, interactive learning materials in a technology-enhanced environment. The workshop will present the work of two complementary approaches to the design of environments for collaborative, productive and open ended learning, such as collaborative inquiry learning and learning by design. Participants bring in their own issues and work on the design of learning env
Author(s): Aleahmad Turadg,Slotta James,Van Joolingen Wouter

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Logiciels de construction de cartes de connaissances: Des outils pour apprendre
This article examines the possible uses of concept mapping software in a university or continuing education context. Concept mapping applications allow the student to graphically represent compiled information as a network of nodes and vectors. The article looks at several applications that may be used to make different kinds of maps, but mainly reviews teaching strategies that incorporate these tools as well as providing a number of planning pointers. It also summarizes the main advantages and
Author(s): Pudelko Béatrice,Basque Josianne

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Realism in the design process and credibility of a simulation-based virtual laboratory
The credibility of an instructional simulation is a most important issue in distance education, where it may replace hands-on activities. This credibility is based in large part upon verisimilitude, a perception strongly influenced by the simulation’s realism. This paper presents a case study encompassing the design process of a simulation-based virtual laboratory, which was guided by a realism principle, and an investigation of its credibility among potential users. We found that many characte
Author(s): Couture Marc

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Constructing knowledge through a role-play in a web-based learning environment
This study aimed to find out how and on what level the students of two separate secondary schools shared and constructed knowledge on imperialism by interacting through historical role characters in a Web-based environment. Furthermore, the study aimed to find out how social and contextual features affected the nature of knowledge sharing and construction. The data about the history project were gathered by various means in order to validate the findings of the case study. The results demonstrat
Author(s): Arvaja Maarit,Rasku-Puttonen Helena,Häkkinen Päi

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Emergence de Diagnostic par Formation de Coalitions - Application au diagnostic des conceptions d'un
Cet article présente une approche d'une tâche de diagnostic basée sur la formation de coalitions. Nous considérons le diagnostic comme étant le résultat émergent de l'activité interactive d'agents d'un niveau micro, résultat qui est interprété par des agents spécialisés d'un niveau supérieur (niveau macro). Au niveau micro, les agents interagissent et, suite à un processus de vote, forment des coalitions; au niveau macro, les agents spécialisés sont capables d'interpréter les c
Author(s): Webber Carine,Pesty Sylvie

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Modélisation et perception de l'activité dans l'environnement Symba
Nous présentons dans cet article les travaux de recherche liés à la conception de Symba, un environnement support d'activités collectives en contexte d'apprentissage (ACCA) dont l'objectif est de faire travailler les étudiants sur l'organisation de leur activité. A travers la conception de Symba nous abordons les problématiques du support à la modélisation de l'activité collective par les apprenants, de la perception de l'activité et de la malléabilité de l'environnement.,Proceeding
Author(s): Betbeder Marie-Laure,Tchounikine Pierre

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CEPIAH, a method for Evaluation and Design of Pedagogical Hypermedia
We are working on a method, called CEPIAH. We propose a web based system used to help teachers to design multimedia documents and to evaluate their prototypes. Our tool integrates two modules such as EMPI (Evaluation of Multimedia Pedagogical and Interactive software), and SP/UL/FC, a method for designing pedagogical hypermedia. The EMPI module is used to evaluate multimedia software used in educational context. We structured a knowledge base composed of a list of evaluation criteria, grouped th
Author(s): Trigano Philippe,Pacurar Giacomini Ecaterina

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Autoevaluation in 8086 assembly language programming
Autoevaluation (self assessment) is more and more developed for teaching at university. We present our contribution to this pedagogical resource. Our exercises are intended for students in second year at the University of Paris 6 for the module "Computer Architecture". These numerous exercises complete the classical courses and allow students to check their know-how. We have experimented with success our set of exercises for the past 2 years with numerous students in UTES1. Uteval software has b
Author(s): Paget Marie-Martine,Nogier Marie-Claire,Giroire HÃ

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Transformative Communication in Project Science Learning Discourse
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Author(s): Polman Joseph L.,Pea Roy D.

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