Discovery of Ideas and Ideas about Discovery : The influence of prior knowledge on scientific discov
Context of this research project. The empirical studies that were carried out for this thesis were performed in the context of the project 'Inductive Learning’,which was funded by the Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO). The inductive learning project aimed at ‘clarifying the major constraints of inductive knowledge development’ (as stated in the research proposal). The constraints of inductive knowledge that were specifically studied in the project were prior knowledge, disc
Author(s): Hulshof Casper

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Semantic annotation for the teacher: models for a computerized memory tool
This article aims to propose a model of semantic annotation dedicated to the teacher. This model must adapt to the teacher’s activity specificity, who needs to master both a pedagogical and domain expertise. In this paper, we analyze the particularity of the teacher’s annotation language that enables the teacher to express his own expertise. First, we identify the concepts of this annotation language used by the community of teachers. Then we propose a conceptual model of this language base
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Desmoulins Cyrille

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Semantic Annotation Tools for Learning Material
This paper aims at providing the specification for semantic annotation tools for e-learning. From the specific requirements of annotating learning material, we categorize and evaluate the existing annotation tools, mainly general purpose ones. We illustrate two research prototypes of annotation tools we developed, and evaluate to what extend the specific requirements of annotating learning material are reached by these research prototypes
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Chen Weiqin,Desmoulins Cyrille

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An integrated perspective to approach technology in mathematics education
This paper concerns a research work developed in an European project. The aim of this work was to produce a document integrating the different theoretical frameworks employed by the project teams. The theoretical constructs of didactical functionalities, and experimental educational cycle, associated to an ICT tool, allowed us to analyse the roles played by technology in the considered set of theoretical frameworks. With this respect, we present examples concerning the theory of didactic situati
Author(s): Cerulli Michele,Pedemonte Bettina,Robotti Elisabet

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An analysis of the SRL potential of TD-SSIS 2005 a Technology Enhanced Learning Environment based on
This report presents an analysis of the potential support to Self-Regulated Learning granted by a CSCL environment set up for a teacher traing course on Educational Technology. The analysis is made by applying a check-list developed within the European project TELEPEERS.,Research report
Author(s): Dettori Giuliana,Giannetti Tania,Persico Donatella

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An analysis of the SRL potential of a Technology Enhanced Learning Environment based on the software
This report presents an analysis of the potential support to Self-Regulated Learning granted by a multimedia environment aiming to lead students of junior high-school to reason consistently on environmental issues. The analysis is made by applying a check-list developed within the European project TELEPEERS.,research Report
Author(s): Dettori Giuliana,Giannetti Tania,Digitali Barbara

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Les logiciels d'apprentissage : panoplie ou éventail ?
The main goal of this article is to elaborate a typology in the domain of computer-supported learning. The first problem that has to be addressed concerns the diversity of computer-supported learning programs and the multiple ways in which one could classify them. The proposed typology is based on the pedagogical function aimed at by the teachers or designers. Moreover, we propose a characterisation on three aspects : the tasks proposed to the learners, the theoretical viewpoint underlying the d
Author(s): de Vries Erica

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The Aplusix-Editor: A New Kind of Software for the Learning of Algebra
The first part of the paper presents our conception of a new kind of software for helping students to learn algebra. Such software has three main characteristics. First it includes an advanced editor that allows the student to build easily algebraic expressions. Second it reifies the student's reasoning as a tree. Third it verifies the student's calculations. In the second part, we present the Aplusix-Editor, a system of that kind that we have realised, and we describe the first tests of this sy
Author(s): Nicaud Jean-François,Bouhineau Denis,Huguet Thoma

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Question and test interoperability - organization, reuse and management of assessments' contents
One of the modern trends in nowadays e-learning technologies and system development is toward creation of standards-based distributed computing applications. The presented paper examines ways of creation, organization, packaging, storage management and usage of e-learning courseware, regarding these modern elearning standards and technologies. It puts a special accent towards development and management of assessment contents. After a short overview and comparison of the standards and ways of the
Author(s): Petrov Milen,Bontchev Boyan

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Futurelab: What if...? Re-imagining learning spaces
We are currently witnessing a massive investment in the design and build of new schools to equip the UK education system for the 21st century. The economically and architecturally ambitious Building Schools for the Future (BSF) programme is setting out to rebuild or renew every secondary school in England over the next 10 to 15 years. But how much of this effort has been inspired by an equally wide-reaching educational vision?,Research report
Author(s): Rudd Tim,Gifford Carolyn,Morrison Jo,Facer Keri

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Mathematics and E-Learning: A conceptual framework
This paper starts from the study of the epistemological statute of the didactics of the mathematics (Henry, 1991; D'Amore, 1999), which faces the phenomenon of learning from the point of view of fundaments, in order to give useful and specific considerations for e-learning environments. Investigations on how the triangle teacher-pupil-knowledge changes are presented. Then the model of a-didactic situations (Brousseau, 1997) is analysed in the context of e-learning platforms.
Author(s): Albano Giovannina

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Jobless claims at two-year low
Signs of an improving U.S. economy is fueling hope ahead of the holidays, but a surprise drop in new home sales is a reminder the recovery remains sluggish.
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Étude d'un environnement pour le diagnostic et la remédiation de conceptions erronées en électri
Ce document est composé de quatre parties. Après avoir exposé notre problématique de recherche, nous exposons l’état de l’art que nous avons réalisé en débutant par un état des lieux des conceptions et modes de raisonnement erronés, les plus récurrents en électricité. Ensuite, nous définirons la place de la simulation dans l’enseignement et nous étudierons son impact sur les conceptions erronées des élèves. Pour clore l’état de l’art, nous étudierons comment est pri
Author(s): Michelet Sandra

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Exploring the mathematics of motion through construction and collaboration.
In this paper we give a detailed account of the design principles and construction of activities designed for learning about the relationships between position, velocity and acceleration, and corresponding kinematics graphs. Our approach is model-based, that is, it focuses attention on the idea that students constructed their own models – in the form of programs – to formalise and thus extend their existing knowledge. In these activities, students controlled the movement of objects in a prog
Author(s): Simpson Gordon,Hoyles Celia,Noss Richard

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Literature Review in Thinking Skills, Technology and Learning
The purpose of this report is: • to clarify what is meant by thinking skills and their relationship to technology • to identify the role of ICT in promoting thinking skills • to produce guidelines for the development of digital learning resources to support the teaching and learning of thinking skills • to evaluate the general direction of research in this area and how this should inform educational practice. The use of new technologies is often linked to the development of thinking sk
Author(s): Wegerif Rupert

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Teaching Expertise is at The Core of ITS Research
To design efficient, flexible and user-adaptable learning environments, we need to embed a great deal of knowledge into them. This paper emphasises the teacher's knowledge, which encompasses all the expertise of the teacher or of the trainer. Thus it is broader than that which is usually called tutoring knowledge. We start with a description of several facets of teaching expertise and of various implementations that have been described in the ITS literature. Then we describe in more detail some
Author(s): Grandbastien Monique

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Towards a semantic learning model fostering learning object reusability
We try in this paper to propose a domain model for both author's and learner's needs concerning learning objects reuse. First of all, we present four key criteria for an efficient authoring tool: adaptive level of granularity, flexibility, integration and interoperability. Secondly, we introduce and describe our six-level Semantic Learning Model (SLM) designed to facilitate multi-level reuse of learning materials and search by defining a multi-layer model for metadata. Finally, after mapping dif
Author(s): Fernandes Emmanuel,Madhour Hend,Wentland Forte Mai

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Exploiting distance technology to foster experimental design as a neglected learning objective in la
This article deals with the design process of a remote laboratory for labwork in chemistry. In particular, it focuses on the mutual dependency of theoretical conjectures about learning in the experimental sciences and technological opportunities in creating learning environments. The design process involves a detailed analysis of the expert task and knowledge, e.g., spectrophotometry as a method for the determination of the concentration of a compound in a solution. In so doing, modifications in
Author(s): d'Ham Cedric,de Vries Erica,Girault Isabelle,Marzi

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Humans in Space
The future of space exploration is "the Moon, Mars, and beyond." For the human scientist-astronaut, "the issue is one of location and locale," according to Dava Newman.

The argument is no longer whether it's man vs. robot; rather it's how humans and robots will work together in missions throughout the so

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Where the Rubber Meets the Road: Why Chemomechanical Design of Materials is Critical to Sustainable
Our conversations on sustainable transportation typically begin with a review of vehicle efficiencies, and end with the characteristics of fuel, energy sources, and life cycle. In a remarkably novel approach to sustainable transportation, Krystyn Van Vliet discusses how other things matter too- namely the materials
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