Comprehension of emotion in neurodegenerative disorders
Recent evidence indicates that the posterior corpus callosum is smaller in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Conversely, it has been demonstrated that patients with frontal systems deficits also have degradation of the anterior corpus callosum. Although these investigations indicate possible morphological relationships between the corpus callosum and cortical structures in neurodegenerative disorders, the relationship between specific neuropsychological measure of cognitive functioning and
Civil Engineering in Developing Countries
Based on working on exercises on project decision making and planning, the specific context of working abroad in general and in developing countries in particular is illustrated, with regard to socio-cultural aspects, planning and financing of projects, roles of (consulting) engineers and contractors, local materials, techniques and knowledge and environmental issues. Study Goals: define projects in several phases of the project cycle (feasibility, identification, design and construction, evalua
P4 Klartext 2010-09-27 kl: 18:00
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Literature Review in Informal Learning with Technology Outside School
When we think about learning, we often tend to think about schools, universities, colleges. If we go a little further and think about learning outside school, we might begin to consider museums, galleries and science centres. What we often tend to overlook, however, is the sort of learning that goes on as part of our normal day-to-day activities when we don't even think we are learning. Today, however, anyone who has an interest in how children learn with digital technologies needs to look beyon
Learning Individuals and Learning Communities: Informal Learning in 2025
This Paper presents the Learnovation vision within and around the area of informal learning, and more specifically it concerns three eLearning territories: individual development through e-Learning, nonprofessional learning communities, and communities generating learning as side effect. What these three territories have in common is that learning is not organised or structured, nor necessarily intentional from the learners perspective. A key assumption to understand the Learnovation Visio
From eLearning to eUniversity
This paper analyses the specifics and the tendencies in building the knowledge society as well as the role of the universities in this process. Some European policies and programs dedicated to the new role of the universities in realizing the Lisbon Strategy are analysed as well. It is emphasized on the importance of integration of the knowledge triangle (education, research and innovation) into a research university and on the urgent need to re-design the university activities according to
Some Methodological Aspects of the Development of an ICT Research and Technology
Development and Inn
The aim of this paper is to share the experience gained at the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics (FMI), Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski (SU), in the up to now work within the scope of a project funded by the Capacities Specific Programme of FP7. At the first call for proposals of this Programme in 2007 the EC provided a grant to the project SISTER of SU, aimed at strengthening the research capacity of FMI in the area of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The main go
An Experience Applying Reinforcement Learning in a Web-Based Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Sy
The definition of effective pedagogical strategies for coaching and tutoring students according to their needs is one of the most important issues in Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Systems (AIES). The use of a Reinforcement Learning (RL) model allows the system to learn automatically how to teach to each student individually, only based on the acquired experience with other learners with similar characteristics, like a human tutor does. The application of this artificial intelligence techn
From Questions to Queries
The extension of (Internet) databases forces everyone to become more familiar with techniques of data storage and retrieval because users success often depends on their ability to pose right questions and to be able to interpret their answers. University programs pay more attention to developing database programming skills than to data exploitation skills. To educate our students to become database users, the authors intensively exploit supportive tools simplifying the production of databa
Collaborative learning - New learning models and applications
Distance education defined as education that takes place when the learner and the instructor are in separate location is undergoing changes throughout the world. The teaching environment is undergoing a major shift as more and more programs are offering classes online. This shift is due to rising costs in education, enrollment management issues, and an evolution in the use of distance learning.
How users behave in a combined community/content environment
Currently, combined community/content environments gain increasing importance in different areas of life, ranging from private to educational to corporate contexts. However, since they are still a novel achievement it is not so clear how they should be organised in order to their successful operation. For gaining a deeper insight in what makes such an environment work, the authors systematically analysed two public environments by evaluating user data and an online questionnaire covering the fol
ePortfolios in Education - Learning Tools or Means of Assessment?
ePortfolios are collections of electronic evidence which capture the idea of lifelong learning ePortfolios at school can support the documentation of competences better than normal tests and assessments. The acquired competences may further be transfered from school to the world of work. On the other hand ePortfolios are powerful tools for learning and reflecting.
DRAC (Distributed Remote ACess system) An On-line Open Source Project-based Learning Tool
Project Based Learning is an essential component in modern engineering education. However, it is difficult to implement in a virtual simulation-based approach, and the need of expensive or specialized equipment can make difficult to use this PBL approach in remote learning. In this paper, a web-based portal is presented; it allows remote access to the resources of several PBL laboratories on Electronics, with a significant emphasis on real-time digital and analog processing and multidisciplinary
Evaluating Wiki as a tool to promote quality academic writing skills
In this study we investigated undergraduate teacher trainees' use of wikis, focusing on the use of shared spaces to communicate ideas and generate course specific content. We explored how students, through such activities, were to able to improve their academic writing skills. We discuss writing as a social practice and discuss how wikis might promote better academic writing. With data derived from student discussion boards and a post-module e-mail questionnaire (N=35) our findings indicate that
Learning with the Web 2.0: The Encyclopedia of Life
In the 1990s, the World Wide Web has revolutionized the way in which knowledge seekers satisfy their thirst for knowledge. During the recent years, a technological and social paradigm shift called Web 2.0 attracted a lot of attention in the Internet community and is considered a major evolution of the web. New online applications make it easier for individuals to learn, using the vast information provided by the Internet and the collective intelligence of its users. The Encyclopedia of Life, a g
Sign Language Interpreters Training
Nowadays, the evolution of technology and the increasing use of computers gave the opportunity for developing new methods of education of deaf individuals and sign language interpreters. The e-learning environments that have been developed for the education of sign language provide web-based courses, designed to effectively teach to anyone the Sign Language. Recognizing the difficulties and barriers of sign language training as well as the importance of sign language interpreters for the communi
Introduction of Computer Studies to non-science university students: The Sri Lankan experience
Introduction of computer studies as a subject to students in the Faculties of Humanities and Social Sciences in Sri Lankan universities is a relatively recent experience. University of Kelaniya was the first university in Sri Lanka that offered computer studies as a subject to its Bachelor of Arts Degree programme starting in 2001. This paper attempts to analyze the relative performance of science and non-science students offering the same module under the new computer studies curriculum.
An adaptive learning environment in DICE system with TDD model
We introduce an adaptive learning environment named DALM (DICE adaptive learning model) based on DICE test-driven development (TDD) model that was implemented in a parse-tree based automatic on-line grader. In our opinion, there are three variables in DALM. The individual differences (I) classify the learners into several groups. The training method (T) that equivalent to TDD model in DICE can be controlled by DICE system. The learning outcome (O) presents the learning performance of learners wi
Conceptions en santé animale et tutorat assisté par ordinateur
Le travail présenté a été effectué dans le cadre de la validation d'un système expert en santé animal développée par l'INRA. Les conceptions d'éleveurs sont analysées en situation de résolution de problème en élevage porcin afin de les confronter avec celles formalisées dans le système expert porcidact.
Analyzing Sequential Data in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning
Representations and changes between them play a major role in cognitive development (e.g., Vosniadou, & Brewer, 1992) and education (e.g., Hewson, Beeth, & Thorley, 1998). By definition, change of representations is also indispensable for collaborative work since a common understanding or shared knowledge can only be achieved by a partial convergence of the knowledge structures of the collaborating subjects. This articles presents and discusses knowledge tracking (KT), viz., an approach to analy