Learning Objects 2: Standards, Metadata, Repositories, and LCMS
This book is the second in a four-volume series. It builds upon the first volume by taking an extended and in-depth look at theorists' and practitioners' efforts to consolidate current knowledge and praxis. This consolidation centers around conceptual and technological issues related to standards, metadata, repositories, and the concept of the LCMS (Learning Content Management System). Part I contains six chapters that focus upon LO concepts vis-à-vis architecture. A discussion of syntax, seman
Author(s): Harman Keith,Koohang Alex

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Literature Review in Informal Learning with Technology Outside School
When we think about learning, we often tend to think about schools, universities, colleges. If we go a little further and think about learning outside school, we might begin to consider museums, galleries and science centres. What we often tend to overlook, however, is the sort of learning that goes on as part of our normal day-to-day activities when we don't even think we are learning. Today, however, anyone who has an interest in how children learn with digital technologies needs to look beyon
Author(s): Sefton-Green Julian

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Learning Individuals and Learning Communities: Informal Learning in 2025
This Paper presents the Learnovation vision within and around the area of informal learning, and more specifically it concerns three “eLearning territories”: individual development through e-Learning, nonprofessional learning communities, and communities generating learning as side effect. What these three territories have in common is that learning is not organised or structured, nor necessarily intentional from the learner’s perspective. A key assumption to understand the Learnovation Visio
Author(s): Riu Toni,Nascimbeni Fabio,Aceto Stefania

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From eLearning to eUniversity
This paper analyses the specifics and the tendencies in building the knowledge society as well as the role of the universities in this process. Some European policies and programs dedicated to the new role of the universities in realizing the Lisbon Strategy are analysed as well. It is emphasized on the importance of integration of the ‘knowledge triangle’ (education, research and innovation) into a research university and on the urgent need to re-design the university activities according to
Author(s): Nikolov Roumen

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Some Methodological Aspects of the Development of an ICT Research and Technology Development and Inn
The aim of this paper is to share the experience gained at the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics (FMI), Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski” (SU), in the up to now work within the scope of a project funded by the Capacities Specific Programme of FP7. At the first call for proposals of this Programme in 2007 the EC provided a grant to the project SISTER of SU, aimed at strengthening the research capacity of FMI in the area of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The main go
Author(s): Nikolov Roumen,Gourova Elissaveta,Nisheva Maria

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An Experience Applying Reinforcement Learning in a Web-Based Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Sy
The definition of effective pedagogical strategies for coaching and tutoring students according to their needs is one of the most important issues in Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Systems (AIES). The use of a Reinforcement Learning (RL) model allows the system to learn automatically how to teach to each student individually, only based on the acquired experience with other learners with similar characteristics, like a human tutor does. The application of this artificial intelligence techn
Author(s): Iglesias Ana,Martinez Paloma,Fernandez Fernando

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Students Learning Experience in the Integrated Information Literacy Course Constructed in Virtual Le
The paper examines the impact of ICT on students learning experiences and opportunities offered by virtual learning environment as an integral part of traditional learning environment in the experimental course ``Integration of information literacy skills into ESP programme'' at Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania). The experiment aimed at developing students' information literacy and social skills as the means for enhancement of learning with a particular attention towards foreign language co
Author(s): Vaiciuniene Vilhelmina,Gedviliene Genute

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The First Decade of Informatics in Dutch High Schools
Informatics is currently being taught in high schools all over the world. In the Netherlands, where all students are expected to become computer literate in the lower grades of high school (Hulsen et al., 2005), it has been decided not to consider computer literacy as being part of Informatics. What, then, should be the content of the Informatics curriculum taught in the higher grades? What should be taught, how and to whom? How should students' achievements be assessed? The answers to these que
Author(s): Grgurina Natasa,Tolboom Jos

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DSTM: a Framework to Operationalize and Refine a Problem-Solving Method modeled in terms of Tasks an
In this paper we present DSTM, a framework that enables the operationalization and the refinement of problem-solving methods modelled within the Task–Method paradigm. DSTM proposes an operational kernel, i.e. operational but flexible high-level constructions: modelling primitives, such as task or method, and manipulation mechanisms, such as select a method. These constructions can be customized in order to better capture the paper-based model to be operationalized. This permits the construction
Author(s): Trichet Francky,Tchounikine Pierre

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Description of six scenarios and of the results of six validated trials
This deliverable aims at presenting and analysing the processes of elaboration and validation of the PALETTE scenarios. After having defined these two processes and situated them into the PALETTE methodology, the scenarios are presented. For each scenario, the specific methodology of elaboration and validation is described with a special focus on the participation of the concerned Communities of Pratcice (CoPs). Then the results of the validation are presented as well as the reports of their tec
Author(s): Boukottaya Aida,Buffa Michel,Charlier Bernadette,D

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Une approche pro-pédagogique du diagnostic cognitif dans les STI: conception, formalisation, et imp
In an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), issues related to the design and the implementation of the cognitive diagnosis (DC) of learner's behavior is addressed intuitively according to the specific goals of this STI. From a purely operational viewpoint, this approach is not really bad since the STIs arising from it, "work". However, when it comes to give to DC a pedagogical dimension in the human tutors, a look into perspective on more fundamental considerations promotes reflection in this direc
Author(s): Tchetagni Josephine

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Infantile Multimedia Environment - An Early Digital Inclusion
Children are recognized as individuals with rights, constituted by multiple human dimensions that can be excited by several activities and several Medias (books, videos, computers, etc.). And the Medias are understood as the tools to qualitatively contribute to the children’s development, giving them opportunity to improve their creativity and imagination, enriching their cultural repertoire. This paper aims to describe the results of a special project implemented in a public day-care centre in
Author(s): Ferreira Adelir Pazetto,Ferreira Debora Pazetto

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Streaming recorded Lessons using a TabletPC
At our university of applied sciences we are working with part time students which sometimes can not come to the lessons because they are tied up with business. Those lessons where the lecturer is talking and there is only a little interaction with the students are now recorded. The major aspect why this recordings are so popular by our students is the fact that we are recording the desktop of the lecturers laptop and their voice. Instead of writing on the chalkboard the lecturers are writing on
Author(s): Fischer Thomas

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From Questions to Queries
The extension of (Internet) databases forces everyone to become more familiar with techniques of data storage and retrieval because users’ success often depends on their ability to pose right questions and to be able to interpret their answers. University programs pay more attention to developing database programming skills than to data exploitation skills. To educate our students to become “database users”, the authors intensively exploit supportive tools simplifying the production of databa
Author(s): Hvorecký Jozef,Drlík Martin

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Collaborative learning - New learning models and applications
Distance education – defined as education that takes place when the learner and the instructor are in separate location – is undergoing changes throughout the world. The teaching environment is undergoing a major shift as more and more programs are offering classes online. This shift is due to rising costs in education, enrollment management issues, and an evolution in the use of distance learning.
Author(s): Nedelcut Nelida,Ciprian Pop,Nedelcut Sebastian

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How users behave in a combined community/content environment
Currently, combined community/content environments gain increasing importance in different areas of life, ranging from private to educational to corporate contexts. However, since they are still a novel achievement it is not so clear how they should be organised in order to their successful operation. For gaining a deeper insight in what makes such an environment work, the authors systematically analysed two public environments by evaluating user data and an online questionnaire covering the fol
Author(s): Dösinger Gisela,Maurer Lisa,Tochtermann Klaus

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ePortfolios in Education - Learning Tools or Means of Assessment?
ePortfolios are collections of electronic evidence which capture the idea of lifelong learning ePortfolios at school can support the documentation of competences better than normal tests and assessments. The acquired competences may further be transfered from school to the world of work. On the other hand ePortfolios are powerful tools for learning and reflecting.
Author(s): Dorninger Christian,Schrack Christian

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DRAC (Distributed Remote ACess system) An On-line Open Source Project-based Learning Tool
Project Based Learning is an essential component in modern engineering education. However, it is difficult to implement in a virtual simulation-based approach, and the need of expensive or specialized equipment can make difficult to use this PBL approach in remote learning. In this paper, a web-based portal is presented; it allows remote access to the resources of several PBL laboratories on Electronics, with a significant emphasis on real-time digital and analog processing and multidisciplinary
Author(s): Zlotnik Alexander,Montero Juan M.

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Evaluating Wiki as a tool to promote quality academic writing skills
In this study we investigated undergraduate teacher trainees' use of wikis, focusing on the use of shared spaces to communicate ideas and generate course specific content. We explored how students, through such activities, were to able to improve their academic writing skills. We discuss writing as a social practice and discuss how wikis might promote better academic writing. With data derived from student discussion boards and a post-module e-mail questionnaire (N=35) our findings indicate that
Author(s): Wheeler Steve,Wheeler Dawn

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Motor-Manipulatory Behaviours and Learning: an Observational Study
In this paper we investigated the role of motor-manipulatory behaviour in the learning modalities of thirty-five primary school children interacting with a Lego MindStorms kit. In particular, by means of an observational taxonomy of children’s behaviour, we analysed the video records of two observational sessions regarding the learning activities during the building of a small robot. Our results demonstrated that motormanipulatory behaviours are strictly linked to cognitive processes, and that
Author(s): Bilotta Eleonora,Gabriele Lorella,Servidio Rocco,T

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