1.3.1 Europe and the EU

Is there a Europe beyond the EU? This is a question that becomes more and more difficult to answer. It is quite common for example to hear of such or such a country wishing to ‘join Europe’, when what is meant is that they wish to apply to join the EU.

The criteria for joining the EU were laid down in the summit of Copenhagen, 21 and 22 June 1993. Candidates must have reached an institutional stability that guarantees democracy, legality, human rights, and the respect and prote
Author(s): Creator not set

License information
Related content

Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

References

Amin, A. (1999) ‘An institutional perspective on regional economic development’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol.23, no.2, pp.365–78.
Anderson, J. (1995) ‘The exaggerated death of the nation state’ in Anderson, J., Brook, C. and Cochrane, A. (eds) A Global World? Re-ordering Political Space, Oxford, Oxford University Press/The Open University.

Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

Russia buries boat tragedy victims
July 13 - Victims of a boat accident in Russia's Volga river are buried in Kazan. Simon Hanna reports.
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Europe slams Ireland downgrade
July 13 - The European Commission has called Moody's latest downgrade of Ireland's credit rating "incomprehensible" as fears also grow over the stability of Italy's economy. Andrew Potter reports.
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Bernanke: Fed ready to act
July 13 - Summary of business headlines: Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke lays the groundwork for possibility of further stimulus; Netflix hikes subscription price by 60 percent. Conway Gittens reports.
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

News Corp suit isolated to UK, pending more evidence: Coffee
July 13 - News Corp's hacking scandal took place in the UK and can only be sued in the U.S. if additional evidence against the American parent company is revealed, says Columbia law professor John Coffee.
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Putnam County World War II Memorial
On the southwest corner of the courthouse lawn a World War II Memorial incorporates the infamous German V-1 "buzz bomb." It sits upon a v-shaped limestone base. It was dedicated November 11, 1948, as a tribute to Putnam County veterans killed in action.,Use of this image is restricted to projects related to Destination Indiana.,Putnam County Journey
Author(s): Larry Tippin, Putnam County Historian

License information
Related content

Digital Image © 2009 Putnam County Historical Society. All Rights Reserved.

King Tut's Tomb
The mystery of Tut's death and possible murder is examined by using modern scientific method. This 3:40 video shows how it is possible that the real reason for Tut's demise was a war wound. Students may need to understand what gangrene is.
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

6.2 Shaping knowledge

It seems inevitable that any understandings we have will have been shaped and influenced by other (past and present) members of the same culture(s) we belong to. Most of these influences ‘just happen’: they arise out of our experiences as part of a culture whose members have had their experiences and shared them over many centuries. However, knowledge can also be deliberately influenced by powerful elements within a society: as we saw in Section 5.3, the church suppressed Galileo's r
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

5.5 How society constructs scientific thinking

To understand science, it is important that we appreciate the contexts in which discoveries are made or suppressed. We can see from the account on the previous page that human understanding of the universe has changed significantly over time. The social and political climate in which scientists work has always had a profound influence on what can and cannot be said, done, published or even postulated as worthy of further investigation. (You could undertake a similar study of the debates on hu
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

Zombie Maker
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

AMY'S TRAVELS
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

The History of Olympics 2012.
This student-created animated video outlines the history of the Olympic Games.  Students created the artwork and provide the narration used in the video.  ( 4:01)
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

U.S.-Iran Relations
While Barack Obama has rejected the Bush administration’s harsh stance toward Iran, panelists warn that we’re far from the start of fruitful relations, and that achieving real diplomacy will paradoxically require both patience and a sense of urgency.

Suzanna DiMaggio observes the U.S. seeking “areas of comm

Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Giving Back: Finding the Best Way to Make a Difference
The world’s most intractable problems might be cracked if more of our “brightest minds” could be tempted to work on them, asserts Bill Gates. Too many graduates of top universities like MIT find it infinitely more satisfying to deal in derivatives, he says, or lucrative areas of medical science like “baldness dr
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

4.3.2 Wave power
Access to safe, clean and sustainable energy supplies is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity during the twenty-first century. This unit will survey the world’s present energy systems and their sustainability problems, together with some of the possible solutions to those problems and how these might emerge in practice.
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

2.3 Black smokers
What is ecology and why is it important to our understanding of the world around us? This unit looks at how we can study ecosystems to explore the effect that humans are having on the environment.
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

Next steps

After completing this unit you may wish to study another OpenLearn Study Unit or find out more about this topic. Here are some sugggestions:

3.1 (2A): Exploring the global implications of different mindsets

In this activity the aim is to investigate the implications of different mindsets with regards to the future unfolding of events on a global scale.

Activity

So far, you have focused your attention on exploring your personal c
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University