Towards a narrative-oriented framework for designing mathematical learning
This paper proposes a narrative-oriented approach to the design of educational activities, as well as a CSCL system to support them, in the context of learning mathematics. Both Mathematics and interface design seem unrelated to narrative. Mathematical language, as we know it, is devoid of time and person. Computer interfaces are static and non-linear. Yet, as Bruner (1986; 1990) and others show, narrative is a powerful cognitive and epistemological tool. The questions we wish to explore are –
Managing complexity of e-learning administration in
ARCADE (Architecture for Reusable Courseware Authoring and DElivery) is a Webbased e-learning platform specially targeted to the needs of distant education in universities and schools. This paper presents ARCADE in two aspects: as a system for distance learning and as a virtual university. The authors put accent on the way of organization of the education process as a whole while showing the power of the ARCADE platform. Moreover, there is discussed in details the administration of courses and s
Implementation of ICT in Higher Education as Interacting Activity Systems
Implementation of ICT in higher education is not a trivial process. It is however a process leading to a number of challenges and problems. The paper develops a theoretical model of the implementation of ICT in higher education based on activity theory and on a case study in a Danish university. The model suggest that implementation in itself is an activity system. The implementation activity is composed of three processes: Selection of ICT; adaptation of ICT and change of practice with ICT. Fur
Educational Tool for Nanophysics Using Multisensory Rendering
The presentation and the evaluation of an educational tool used to teach physical phenomena that take place at a nanometer scale are the central objectives of the work presented in this paper. Through concepts and tools, the real phenomena are connected to the virtual world, which furnish sensorial representations (haptic, visual, auditory) for the student who is experimenting. A computer representation of the nanoscene at the atomic level offers a multisensory tangible artifact of nanoworld ina
The Missing Teacher: Contradictions and Conflicts in the Experience of Online Learners
A nationwide Swedish distance education programme, SÄL, was offered to adults with previous higher education studies working as teachers in K-12. A smaller study conducted among this group of students at Göteborg University, Göteborg, revealed concerns regarding teacher performance online. A follow-up and larger study using a questionnaire survey was used to reveal possible conflicts and contradictions in the programme. An analysis suggests that there is a contradiction between how the progra
La programmation logique par contraintes pour l'aide à l'enseignant
Prise en compte de l'enseignant pour invalider des production d'apprenant par construction automatique de contre-exemples.
Designing for cross-cultural web-based knowledge building
This paper describes the iterative design of a web-based collaborative workspace used in educational practice, called WebReports. The systemâs unique feature is that it allows participants to discuss mathematical and scientific concepts using programmed animated and interactive models of their ideas. Rather than focusing on the specific features of the collaboration tool, we analyze it as part of a constructionist activity system. We describe the context in which the system was developed an
Role-based integration of evaluation and regulation in collaborative learning environments
Interaction analysis has become a basic function in the field of collaborative learning, as a means for supporting both self-regulation for the students and formative evaluation for the teachers. In spite of the fact that these processes rely on the same basic functionalities, there is a lack of proposals or systems that integrate them. This paper presents a research proposal that argues for a role-based approach for the integration of these functions. The experience of awareness systems in CSCW
Socio-cultural Perspectives on Object-oriented Learning
One of the central objectives of project COOL is to explore critical aspects associated with learning (and teaching) object-oriented concepts. This objective will be pursued by bringing forth the heritage of Kristen Nygaard and the Norwegian approach to object-orientation. The project will develop learning material based on this work and intends to make the material available to the object-oriented community in the form of reusable learning objects. This paper explores how social-cultural theori
Scripts for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. Effects of social and epistemic cooperation s
Not available,Doctoral Dissertation, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
Trails of Digital and Non-Digital LOs
This document investigates scenarios where learners navigate (follow trails) through environments containing digital and non-digital learning objects, considers some user requirements of systems designed to support the use of trails and presents a possible classification of different types of trail to form an ontology of trails. Separate sections include investigations of trails in different pedagogical approaches, trails in mobile learning scenarios, trails in computer conferencing and the prov
Between arithmetic and algebra : a space for the spreadsheet ? Contribution to an instrumental appro
In this research work, we have a didactical look on the integration of a computer tool into mathematics teaching: the spreadsheet. We have related research about spreadsheet to an instrumental approach perceived as essential to analyze the questions of technological integration. This approach allowed us to extend to this technology the theoretical framework of instrumentation. These theoretical elements are being used in the analysis of the professional resources and the teaching practices, in o
Changes in grouping practices over primary and secondary school
The research detailed in this paper provides a systematic description and analysis of classroomgrouping practices in primary and secondary schools in England. Practices are compared to main findings in developmental and educational literature with regard to effective contexts for learning and recent ideas about pedagogy. The research is based on an analysis of 4924 pupil groupings from672 Reception, Year 2 and Year 5 classes in 331 primary schools and 248 Year 7 and Year 10 classes in 47 seconda
Integrating conceptions of learning for advancing educational practices
Introduction: I have argued elsewhere (Desforges, 2000b) that the core function of educational research is to make a contribution to the educational enterprise. Education is society's commitment to enhancing the human condition through capitalising on human potential for learning. There are many factors involved in such a mission. Better education entails better resourcing, creativity, will, energy and resourcefulness. Researchers must make their contribution by adding to the base of knowledge a
Earth Science Today
This laboratory exercise, designed for an introductory Earth Science course, examines stratigraphy and plate tectonics while considering predictions as a way to test theories. The laboratory focuses on the reconstruction of Pangaea and evidence for geologic events in rock layers. Users can also link to the course homepage and other activities related to Earth Science Today.
Confronting Health Inequity: The Global Dimension
Since the days of Hippocrates, health inequities and the role of social and environmental factors in the determination of marked differences in health status have been well recognized. For some time now, the driving force behind public health has been understanding and intervening in the underlying causes of health inequity. The publication of the Black Report1 in the United Kingdom in 1980 brought a more focused approach to this discourse by identifying specific factors, such as social class, g
Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Preschool Immunizations: United States, 1996–2001
Objectives. We examined current racial/ethnic differences in immunization coverage rates among US preschool children. Methods. Using National Immunization Survey data from 1996 through 2001, we compared vaccination coverage rates between non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, and Asian preschool children. Results. During the 6-year study period, the immunization coverage gap between White and Black children widened by an average of 1.1% each year, and the gap between White and Hispa
Developing the Theory: Continental Drift
This document outlines the development of the theory of continental drift and how many lines of evidence collected over several decades by various researchers were brought together to explain how the seafloor spreads and the continents move about. Links to additional information are included.
Worker Delegates from Soviet Russia Mass Meeting announcement
Recognition of the Soviet Union;Adam Chada; Chalemere McCarty; Cyril Phillip; T.E. Furman; P.O. Shallert; Worker Delegates;Announcement of a meeting featuring a delegation of U.S. workers who spent a month in Russia.
Lecture 28 - 11/29/2010