SAP "disappointed" by Oracle damages
Germany's SAP says it's "disappointed" by a U.S. jury's decision that it has to pay Oracle $1.3 billion for software theft - damages which could be the largest-ever for copyright infringement.
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Constructivism in the Collaboratory
Great attention has been paid recently to the capabilities of computers to provide environments in which active learners can construct their own understanding through open-ended interaction. Yet discussion of constructivist learning environments has commonly focused on the learner as an individual, learning in isolation from other learners. For example, Perkins (1991) characterizes a learning environment as being composed of five facets: information banks, symbol pads, construction kits, phenome
Author(s): Edelson Daniel C.,Pea Roy D.,Gomez Louis M.

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Networked Computers’ Incorporated Role in Collaborative Learning
Networked computers are increasingly being used in collaborative learning. To understand what roles networked computers have in collaborative learning over distances, systems developers need conceptual frameworks that address the triadic complexity of knowledge construction, social interaction and technical issues. Some theoretical accounts of this relationship exits, but in terms of usefulness for systems design and how the role of networked is regarded, they have shortcomings. Based on activit
Author(s): Fjuk Annita,Smørdal Ole

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Quality of Service Requirements for the e-Learning Grid
In the same way that the Web has evolved from being a technology designed to aid scientific collaboration to one which is employed extensively in e-business and increasingly in e-learning, the Grid is also evolving from its original concept as a highly distributed dynamic source of computing resources "on tap", like the power grid, for e-science, to a means of supporting enterprise computing across heterogeneous, distributed, virtual organisations. However, even the most recent ideas associated
Author(s): Allison Collin

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Determining the Sources of Delay in a Distributed Learning Environment
In the context of LeGE-WG we expect to see the Open Grid Services Architecture (OGSA) being used as a guiding framework for the future deployment of Distributed Learning Environment (DLEs). OGSA is totally service-oriented and it has been known for sometime that Quality of Service (QoS) is key to the success of DLEs. Delay in particular, as experienced by the end user, is one of the key QoS parameters for a DLE. This paper describes techniques for identifying sources of such delay, and a model f
Author(s): Ruddle Alan,Allison Collin,Lindsay Peter,McKechan

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Literature Review in Science Education and the Role of ICT: Promise, Problems and Future Directions
Today, what "counts" as science and science teaching is in a state of flux. This, however, is not new - for 150 years there have been debates about the purpose, nature and role of science education in our society. Any designer of resources and tools for the teaching of science therefore needs to be able to understand these debates, and to be aware of the origins and reasons for the changes that are currently taking place.,A NESTA Futurelab Research report - report 6
Author(s): Osborne Jonathon,Hennessy Sara

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Solar Eclipses
What is a solar eclipse and why are they only visible in some parts of the world? In this video segment adapted from NASA, astronomer Susan Stolovy uses animations to provide an answer to these questions.
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Semantic annotation for the teacher: models for a computerized memory tool
This article aims to propose a model of semantic annotation dedicated to the teacher. This model must adapt to the teacher’s activity specificity, who needs to master both a pedagogical and domain expertise. In this paper, we analyze the particularity of the teacher’s annotation language that enables the teacher to express his own expertise. First, we identify the concepts of this annotation language used by the community of teachers. Then we propose a conceptual model of this language base
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Desmoulins Cyrille

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A model for negotiation in teaching-learning dialogues
Despite the fact that a number of researchers from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives have claimed that negotiation in dialogue is fundamental in learning, little research has been based on a precise notion of what negotiation is and how it relates to learning. This paper describes a model for negotiation, based on analysis of teacher-student and learner-learner dialogues. After discussion of illustrative examples and review of related research, negotiations are defined in terms of four
Author(s): Baker Michael J.

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Виртуална лаборатория за интегрирано изучаване на мат
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Author(s): Sendova Eugenia,Nikolova Iliana

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Distance Education Standards and Legal Issues - Computing Education Perspective
This paper aims to examine the legal issues related to the recognition of professional ICT qualifications amongst countries in EU, as well as international and European standards for education and training, certification and validation of distance training courses, etc. At the end we are proposing a course structure, certificate format, as well as the educational standards to be followed in the design process.
Author(s): Vladinova Larissa,Mintchev Alexander,Stefanov Kras

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Harnessing Technology: Transforming Learning and Children's Services
This document is the Department for Education and Skill's first cross-sector e-learning strategy. The strategy focuses on what the technology can do for informing and advising citizens, for supporting children and learners of all ages in their encounters with the system, and for transforming the experience of learning. To make this happen, it identifieds six priorities, to provide: • An integrated online information service for all citizens • Integrated online personal support for children
Author(s): Laurillard Diana

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Web Based Simulations for Virtual Scientific Experiment: Methodology and Tools
In this paper we want to present the tools and a methodology to realize web based simulations according to the didactic model defined for the Virtual Scientific Experiment. The strategy that we suggest intends to satisfy all the requirements for the actors involved in the learning process according to the adopted didactic model. These requirements provide that: the tools for building the simulations have to serve a teacher instead of a programmer of web based simulations; the simulation outputs
Author(s): Albano Giovannina,Iovane Gerardo,Salerno Saverio,V

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Computational Representation of Collaborative Learning Flow Patterns Using IMS Learning Desing
The identification and integration of reusable and customizable CSCL (Computer Supported Collaborative Learning) may benefit from the capture of best practices in collaborative learning structuring. The authors have proposed CLFPs (Collaborative Learning Flow Patterns) as a way of collecting these best practices. To facilitate the process of CLFPs by software systems, the paper proposes to specify these patterns using IMS Learning Design (IMS-LD). Thus, teachers without technical knowledge can p
Author(s): Hernández-Leo Davinia,Dimitriadis Yannis,Asensio-

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Liberal Fascism: the uses and abuses of the F-word
For nearly a century the political left has controlled the commanding heights of intellectual discourse by asserting, contrary to the evidence, that the left holds a monopoly on political virtue. The further you move from the left on the political spectrum, it is asserted, the closer you get to evil. "Fascism" has long served as the central prop in this drama. Fascism and evil are interchangeable terms, we are told. The reality is that while fascism may be evil, it has always been a leftist phen
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The Future Development of International Criminal Justice: An Interdisciplinary Approach
Judge Sang-Hyun Song was appointed President of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in March, 2009. He initially joined the ICC in 2003, when he became a judge for a term of nine years. President Song has extensive practical and academic experience in the area of court management, criminal procedure, and the law of evidence. For thirty years, he taught as a professor of law at Seoul National University Law School, beginning in 1972. He has also held visiting professorships at a number of law
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Carey Drayton: What Matters to Me and Why
Carey Drayton, chief of the USC Department of Public Safety, addresses the topic "What Matters to Me and Why" on Jan. 20, 2010. "What Matters to Me and Why" is bridges the separation between intellectual life and personal and spiritual issues by having featured USC faculty and administrators spend about 20 minutes addressing the topic "What Matters to Me and Why," followed by an informal dialogue rounding out the hour. The program is sponsored by the USC Office of Religious Life and the USC Le
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Transforming classroom teaching & learning through technology: Analysis of a case study
The paper discusses the results of a research project based on the field testing of a course aimed at developing arithmetic problem solving skills in primary school pupils. The course was designed to incorporate e-learning techniques, including the use of ARI@ITALES authoring tools. These tools allowed the integration in the course of constructivist activities based on interaction with a set of different microworlds. The aims of the project were twofold: to analyse how the adopted approach and t
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Robotti Elisabetta

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Probability associated with inferential statistics
An introduction to probability, and the probability of sample errors affecting research results.
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Passive Movement to the Shoulder Joint
This and related video clips demonstrate physiotherapy techniques and have been optimised for delivery on a mobile device.
Author(s): Alis Racey

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