Multimedia and the learner's experience of narrative
This paper reports on research findings which show that the narrative structure of multimedia programs, or sometimes the lack of it, affects learners' comprehension, often adversely [1,2]. It also reports on initial findings from our current research which aims to develop a theoretical understanding of the forms and functions of narrative in interactive media, based on empirical research, and capable of informing instructional design.
Learning with Digital Technologies in Museums, Science Centres and Galleries
As early as 2002 the number of virtual visitors to many museums' websites had already overtaken the number of physical visitors on-site. These developments, both within the walls of the institution and outside them, provide a number of challenges for educators and curators, at the heart of which lie the questions - what is distinctive about learning in museums, science centres and galleries, and how might this change or evolve through the increasing use of digital technologies?,A NESTA Futurelab
Could Grid facilitate demanding Media Watermarking Applications?
Copyright protection is becoming an important issue for organisations that distribute digital content through e-learning applications. One of the most promising methods for copyright protection is digital watermarking, a highly demanding application in terms of CPU load. In this communication, some specific cases are presented where GRID computing could be used as an enabling/assisting technology for watermarking. Specific cases of heavy load mathematical transformations for large media objects
Combining qualitative evaluation and social network analysis for the study of classroom social inter
Studying and evaluating real experiences that promote active and collaborative learning is a crucial field in CSCL. Major issues that remain unsolved deal with the merging of qualitative and quantitative methods and data, especially in educational settings that involve both physical and computer-supported collaboration. In this paper we present a mixed evaluation method that combines traditional sources of data with computer logs, and integrates quantitative statistics, qualitative data analysis
Is there a way to e-Bologna? Cross-National
Collaborative Activities in University Courses
This article describes a study of distance collaborative activities that have been conducted in a cross-national setting between a Greek and a German university. We discuss issues related to organization, technology, and curricula considerations. In addition, we analyze the modes of cooperation that have been chosen in the students' work on creative problem solving tasks and conclude that for complex learning scenarios succesful collaboration and peer tutoring in advanced learning support enviro
Cognitive factors related to user involvement with computers and their effects upon learning from an
Cognitive theories proposed to explain the high motivation to use, and deep involvement with computers, often found in schoolchildren suggest three main factors. They are: desire in the user to control the computer; the user responds to a perceived challenge from the computer; and the user wishes to explore the complexity of the computer software. The paper describes an experiment using a specifically developed piece of software to investigate these factors and to assess their effects on involve
Adaptive and Dynamic Hypertext Tutoring Systems Based on Knowledge Space Theory
Knowledge space theory provides a formal model for representing students' knowledge and describing the structure of a domain of knowledge. A similar formal structure can be used to described the structure of hypertexts. The combination of knowledge space theory and the formal hypertext model leads to a framework for intelligent tutoring systems which provides individualized learning paths to a student. Using powerful procedures from relational database systems and from knowledge space theory, we
Towards a narrative-oriented framework for designing mathematical learning
This paper proposes a narrative-oriented approach to the design of educational activities, as well as a CSCL system to support them, in the context of learning mathematics. Both Mathematics and interface design seem unrelated to narrative. Mathematical language, as we know it, is devoid of time and person. Computer interfaces are static and non-linear. Yet, as Bruner (1986; 1990) and others show, narrative is a powerful cognitive and epistemological tool. The questions we wish to explore are –
Managing complexity of e-learning administration in
ARCADE (Architecture for Reusable Courseware Authoring and DElivery) is a Webbased e-learning platform specially targeted to the needs of distant education in universities and schools. This paper presents ARCADE in two aspects: as a system for distance learning and as a virtual university. The authors put accent on the way of organization of the education process as a whole while showing the power of the ARCADE platform. Moreover, there is discussed in details the administration of courses and s
Implementation of ICT in Higher Education as Interacting Activity Systems
Implementation of ICT in higher education is not a trivial process. It is however a process leading to a number of challenges and problems. The paper develops a theoretical model of the implementation of ICT in higher education based on activity theory and on a case study in a Danish university. The model suggest that implementation in itself is an activity system. The implementation activity is composed of three processes: Selection of ICT; adaptation of ICT and change of practice with ICT. Fur
Educational Tool for Nanophysics Using Multisensory Rendering
The presentation and the evaluation of an educational tool used to teach physical phenomena that take place at a nanometer scale are the central objectives of the work presented in this paper. Through concepts and tools, the real phenomena are connected to the virtual world, which furnish sensorial representations (haptic, visual, auditory) for the student who is experimenting. A computer representation of the nanoscene at the atomic level offers a multisensory tangible artifact of nanoworld ina
The Missing Teacher: Contradictions and Conflicts in the Experience of Online Learners
A nationwide Swedish distance education programme, SÄL, was offered to adults with previous higher education studies working as teachers in K-12. A smaller study conducted among this group of students at Göteborg University, Göteborg, revealed concerns regarding teacher performance online. A follow-up and larger study using a questionnaire survey was used to reveal possible conflicts and contradictions in the programme. An analysis suggests that there is a contradiction between how the progra
La programmation logique par contraintes pour l'aide à l'enseignant
Prise en compte de l'enseignant pour invalider des production d'apprenant par construction automatique de contre-exemples.
Designing for cross-cultural web-based knowledge building
This paper describes the iterative design of a web-based collaborative workspace used in educational practice, called WebReports. The systemâs unique feature is that it allows participants to discuss mathematical and scientific concepts using programmed animated and interactive models of their ideas. Rather than focusing on the specific features of the collaboration tool, we analyze it as part of a constructionist activity system. We describe the context in which the system was developed an
Role-based integration of evaluation and regulation in collaborative learning environments
Interaction analysis has become a basic function in the field of collaborative learning, as a means for supporting both self-regulation for the students and formative evaluation for the teachers. In spite of the fact that these processes rely on the same basic functionalities, there is a lack of proposals or systems that integrate them. This paper presents a research proposal that argues for a role-based approach for the integration of these functions. The experience of awareness systems in CSCW
Socio-cultural Perspectives on Object-oriented Learning
One of the central objectives of project COOL is to explore critical aspects associated with learning (and teaching) object-oriented concepts. This objective will be pursued by bringing forth the heritage of Kristen Nygaard and the Norwegian approach to object-orientation. The project will develop learning material based on this work and intends to make the material available to the object-oriented community in the form of reusable learning objects. This paper explores how social-cultural theori
Scripts for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. Effects of social and epistemic cooperation s
Not available,Doctoral Dissertation, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
Trails of Digital and Non-Digital LOs
This document investigates scenarios where learners navigate (follow trails) through environments containing digital and non-digital learning objects, considers some user requirements of systems designed to support the use of trails and presents a possible classification of different types of trail to form an ontology of trails. Separate sections include investigations of trails in different pedagogical approaches, trails in mobile learning scenarios, trails in computer conferencing and the prov
Between arithmetic and algebra : a space for the spreadsheet ? Contribution to an instrumental appro
In this research work, we have a didactical look on the integration of a computer tool into mathematics teaching: the spreadsheet. We have related research about spreadsheet to an instrumental approach perceived as essential to analyze the questions of technological integration. This approach allowed us to extend to this technology the theoretical framework of instrumentation. These theoretical elements are being used in the analysis of the professional resources and the teaching practices, in o
Earth Science Today
This laboratory exercise, designed for an introductory Earth Science course, examines stratigraphy and plate tectonics while considering predictions as a way to test theories. The laboratory focuses on the reconstruction of Pangaea and evidence for geologic events in rock layers. Users can also link to the course homepage and other activities related to Earth Science Today.