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Taking teaching context into account for semantic annotation patterns
In this article, starting from MemoNote pattern functionalities enabling teacher to memorize semantic and personal annotations, our objective is to extend them with context-aware capabilities. MemoNote uses annotation patterns to deduce annotation semantics from the form chosen by the teacher. We specify the annotation context, its capture from elements of the teaching situation and we model it with ontologies. Annotation context model is then directly integrated into the previous pattern formal
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Desmoulins Cyrille

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MemoNote, un outil de gestion des connaissances personnelles pour enseignants à base d’annotation
Cet article vise à proposer un outil de gestion des connaissances personnelles (PKM) à base d’annotations, MemoNote, dédié à l’enseignant considéré comme un travailleur intellectuel. Me-moNote utilise l’activité annotation de l’enseignant pour mémoriser sa conception per-sonnelle du document en particulier aux niveaux pédagogiques et domaine, qu’il pourra réutiliser par la suite. Cet article identifie les trois dimen-sions nécessaires à l’annotation dans un tel outil de
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Desmoulins Cyrille

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Formalismes pour une mémoire de formation à base d’annotations : articuler sémantique implicite
Cet article a pour objet de présenter les formalismes définis pour des mémoires de formation à base d’annotations au sein du projet MICA. Il explicite les objectifs de la recherche et les exigences que cela apporte sur les outils visés. Une étude des travaux de la littérature sur les annotations et leurs formalismes montre qu’ils ne couvrent que de façon très limitée nos objectifs. Nous présentons alors les formalismes que nous avons développés, en structurant l’objet d’anno
Author(s): Desmoulins Cyrille,Azouaou Faiçal,Mille Dominique

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A computer program for the learning of algebra: description and first experiment
We present APLUSIX, a computer system that helps students to learn algebra, available at http://aplusix.imag.fr. APLUSIX contains an advanced 2D editor of algebraic expressions that allows students to make the calculations (s)he wants, like in a paper-pencil context. The system verifies the student's calculations, by calculating the equivalence between two consecutives expressions, and shows the result to the student. It provides information concerning the progress of the resolution. Furthermore
Author(s): Nicaud Jean-François,Bouhineau Denis,Chaachoua Ha

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The roles of models in Artificial Intelligence and Education research: a prospective view
In this paper I speculate on the near future of research in Artificial Intelligence and Education (AIED), on the basis of three uses of models of educational processes: models as scientific tools, models as components of educational artefacts, and models as bases for design of educational artefacts. In terms of the first role, I claim that the recent shift towards studying collaborative learning situations needs to be accompanied by an evolution of the types of theories and models that are used,
Author(s): Baker Michael J.

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A model for negotiation in teaching-learning dialogues
Despite the fact that a number of researchers from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives have claimed that negotiation in dialogue is fundamental in learning, little research has been based on a precise notion of what negotiation is and how it relates to learning. This paper describes a model for negotiation, based on analysis of teacher-student and learner-learner dialogues. After discussion of illustrative examples and review of related research, negotiations are defined in terms of four
Author(s): Baker Michael J.

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An integrated perspective to approach technology in mathematics education
This paper concerns a research work developed in an European project. The aim of this work was to produce a document integrating the different theoretical frameworks employed by the project teams. The theoretical constructs of didactical functionalities, and experimental educational cycle, associated to an ICT tool, allowed us to analyse the roles played by technology in the considered set of theoretical frameworks. With this respect, we present examples concerning the theory of didactic situati
Author(s): Cerulli Michele,Pedemonte Bettina,Robotti Elisabet

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A pedagogical approach to the design of Learning Objects
In this paper we describe an approach to the design of learning objects (LOs) suitable to support learning in complex domains at university level. Our proposal is centred on a costructivist approach where learning is viewed as resulting from personal activity and comparison with the activity of others. Our pedagogical approach to knowledge acquisition and to the use of technological tools is realized by means of didactical units which can be implemented as Learning Objects (LOs) with a variety o
Author(s): Busetti Emanuela,Dettori Giuliana,Forcheri Paola,I

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An analysis of the SRL potential of TGS/TES Online Course, a Technology Enhanced Learning Environmen
This report presents an analysis of the potential support to Self-Regulated Learning granted by a CSCL environment developed for carrying out language master courses. The analysis is made by applying a check-list developed within the European project TELEPEERS.,Research Report
Author(s): Dettori Giuliana,Giannetti Tania,Torsani Simone

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Ambienti narrativi per l’apprendimento
Le storie sono una forma di comunicazione e rappresentazione molto diffusa e familiare, usata in ogni cultura a scopo sia ludico che formativo, e possono favorire l’apprendimento in modo naturale. A partire dai primi lavori sul valore educativo e formativo della narrativa sviluppati nell'ambito della psicologia cognitiva (in particolare gli studi di J. Bruner degli anni ‘90), anche la ricerca sulle tecnologie didattiche ha iniziato a concentrare la sua attenzione sull’uso di forme narrativ
Author(s): Dettori Giuliana,Giannetti Tania

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The Seven, no eight, nine C's of Mobile Learning
This paper was presented at the Mobile Learning Workshop at the Kaleidoscope Alpine Rendez-Vous 2007. It identifies theories from the fields of cognition and educational psychology that can usefully be employed to explain the interactions between the user and their mobile device in a variety of mlearning contexts. The theoretical approaches that appear to be most relevant to mlearning are those that stem from the constructivist approach to learning, involve learner control and challenge by setti
Author(s): Wishart Jocelyn

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Pedagogical text indexation and exploitation for language learning
In this article we present the MIRTO platform -under development at the University Stendhal of Grenoble- and how it addresses common flaws of CALL software. This platform led to another project: the creation of a pedagogically indexed text base. We introduce here the notion of pedagogical indexation, and confront the particular case of pedagogical indexation for language learning with the existing pedagogical resource description standards, before proposing leads towards the implementation of th
Author(s): Loiseau Mathieu,Antoniadis Georges,Ponton Claude

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NLP-based scripting for CALL activities
This article focuses on the development of Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools for Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL). After identifying the inherent limitations of NLP-free tools, we describe the general framework of Mirto, an NLP-based authoring platform under construction in our laboratory, and organized into four distinct layers: functions, scripts, activities and scenarios. Through several examples, we explain how Mirto's architecture allows to implement state-of-the-art NLP fun
Author(s): Antoniadis Georges,Echinard Sandra,Kraif Olivier,L

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Report on NLP-based CALL Workshop
This deliverable is a report on the one-day workshop on NLP-based CALL that was organized on 13 April 2006 by the JEIRP partners as a contribution to an increased visibility of the project and the Kaleidoscope network. The workshop’s bilingual title was: “Integrating Natural Language Processing and Computer-Assisted Language Learning: current status and future prospects” “Traitement automatique des langues et Apprentissage des langues assisté par ordinateur : quelles perspectives d'int
Author(s): Granger Sylvianne,Antoniadis Georges,Fairon Cédri

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Virtual mental space: interacting with the characters of works of literature
We build the software implementation of virtual mental space: its inhabitants are interacting with the literature characters in natural language. The players are encouraged to ask questions about intentions and desires, knowledge and believes, pretending and deceiving of the literature characters. Works of literature are identified based on the patterns of mental interaction between the characters. Reasoning about mental states and natural language processing with the semantic focus are the tech
Author(s): Galitsky Boris

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Виртуална лаборатория за интегрирано изучаване на мат
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Author(s): Sendova Eugenia,Nikolova Iliana

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E-learning for enhancing management skills
The paper discusses design and development issues of an online program for enhancing management skills of Early Years Childcare practitioners. The program is developed in the frames of the EEEYMS* project by partners from UK, Bulgaria, Finland, and the Netherlands. The purpose is to design an ICT-based flexible learning solution for problem-based learning. The content is organized in nine modules. The learning materials are available online, through the Learnwise Learning Management System, and
Author(s): Nikolova Iliana,Luck Petra,Kovatcheva Eugenia

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Educational Knowledge Based Environment
In this paper a knowledge based environment is represented which facilitates easy creation and preparation of wide range of educational software. The heart of the environment is the knowledge representation tool providing a hybrid knowledge representation formalism combining frames, production rules and logic. The environment is built on the basis of the logic programming language Prolog.
Author(s): Dimitrova Galina,Stefanov Krassen

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Data Driven User Requirements Specification in the UNITE Project
This paper describes the process of user requirements specification in UNITE project. The main goal of the project is to develop an integrated system for authoring and delivery of high quality eLearning activities for the secondary school students. The UNITE system consists of three main components: 1) Software Platform – integrating state of the art learning management systems (LMS), content management systems (CMS), and mobile learning (mLearning) capabilities; 2) Pedagogical Framework – s
Author(s): Iliev Trayan,Gatchev Georgi,Nikolova Iliana

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Roles of the Body in Learning
In recent years research in fields as diverse as philosophy, pedagogy, psychology, and anthropology has shown that the knowledge people possess in practice may not always be linguistically expressible 1. Part of what practitioners know can certainly be and normally also is formulated in textbook knowledge as well as in rules of thumb, sayings, and the like, but still, a large part is more readily understood as made up of skills, ‘know how’, ‘ways of going about the practice’, and so on,
Author(s): Dohn Nina Bonderup

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