LSE Literary Weekend - Literature and the Academic: Literature as a resource for other disciplines
The session examines how the reading of literature can expand the analytical imagination, provide alternative metaphors and supply vital empirical evidence. Three academics from very different disciplines discuss ways in which literature can be invaluable to the broader research community.
Middle School Portal: Math and Science Pathways (MSP2)
In this interactive exercise, students in grade 6 and up determine if a Mars rover should look for evidence of life on or underneath the Martian surface. To make this determination, students process visual and textual information about how four factors (cosmic radiation, ultraviolet radiation, temperature, and presence of water) impact Earth and Mars. They look at each factor in isolation by reading a brief explanation of its effect on life, analyzing cartoon-like images of its influence on Eart
Middle School Portal: Math and Science Pathways (MSP2)
This online activity offers students a chance to analyze data stated as percentages to draw conclusions about the similarity of five archeological sites. Students analyze the data by making a table of the differences for each pair of sites by subtracting the smaller percentage from the larger for each of five types of evidence. The activity is one of 80 mathematical challenges featured on the Figure This! web site, where real-world uses of mathematics are emphasized. The activity features a solu
What does life need?
Here's an interactive exercise about the needs of all living things. The introduction explains that scientists can use the knowledge of life requirements to guide their search for life on Mars. Players identify which of these six items are necessary for life: sunlight, oxygen, water, meat, energy, and raw materials. If any wrong answers are given, players are shown the number of correct answers and are given access to Learn More buttons. All the Learn More sections are similar. In them, players
586 Million Year Cycle in Geology Matches Galactic Super-Cluster Spacings
The longest geological cycle identified is described as about 600 million years in "Megacycles", the proceedings of a geological conference, Edited by G Williams. However Prof. S. Afanasiev of Moscow has determined the cycle very accurately to be 586.24 million years using his Nanocycles Method. It so happens that cosmologists, Broadhurst, T.J., Ellis, R.S., Koo, D.C. & Szalay (Nature 343, p 726) have observed regular mega-walls of galaxies at spacings that they describe as 128 Mpc/h, which base
Empirical Research Methods in Software Engineering
This course will explore the role of empiricism in software engineering research, and will prepare students for advanced research in SE by examining how to plan, conduct and report on empirical investigations. The course will cover all of the principal methods applicable to SE: controlled experiment, case studies, surveys, archival analysis, action research and ethnographies, and will relate these methods to relevant metatheories in the philosophy and sociology of science. The course will critic
Double or not? : how much is your time worth?
This exploration investigates whether an employee would be better off with a salary of 20 dollars a day for a week or with a salary that starts at 2 dollars a day and doubles every day. The exploration, part of the Figure This! collection of 80 math challenges, extends the salary question to examine other number patterns with different rates of change. The challenge page contains links to a solution hint, the solution, and other questions such as how much will a person earn in one month based on
Exploring the Environment
This site features 25 online modules that put students in problem-based learning scenarios. In one module, students predict the impact of increased carbon dioxide on the wheat yield in Kansas. In another, they predict weather 48 hours in advance. Topics include coral reefs, climate change, the Everglades, mountain gorillas, rainforests, volcanoes, water quality, and ozone depletion.
Racism and Research: The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study
In 1932 the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) initiated an experiment in Macon County, Alabama, to determine the natural course of untreated, latent syphilis in black males. The test comprised 400 syphilitic men, as well as 200 uninfected men who served as controls. The first published report of the study appeared in 1936 with subsequent papers issued every four to six years, through the 1960s. When penicillin became widely available by the early 1950s as the preferred treatment for syphilis, t
Readings in the History of Aesthetics
Anyone with connection to the Internet has access to a vast number of philosophical documents via online etexts. Fortunately, quite a bit of the best work in philosophy is in the public domain, and a few of these readings provide a convenient access for almost anyone seeking information and help in the history of aesthetics. However, many of the historically significant writings in aesthetics are not presently available on the Internet, and this open source text helps somewhat to remedy that nee
Income, Earnings, and Poverty Data From the 2007 American Community Survey,
This report presents data on income, earnings, and poverty by detailed socioeconomic characteristics for the United States, states, and lower levels of geography based on information collected in the 2006 and 2007 American Community Surveys (ACS). A description of the ACS is provided in the text box “What Is the American Community Survey?” The U.S. Census Bureau also reports income, earnings, and poverty data based on the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS A
Healthy People 2010 disease prevalence in the Marshfield Clinic Personalized Medicine Research Proje
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Healthy People 2010 disease conditions in a large population-based cohort in central Wisconsin (WI, USA) and to consider how these conditions can be prioritized for research based on the use of healthcare services, the prevalence of various disease states and the resulting study power. Methods: Healthy People 2010 diagnoses were estimated for participants in the Personalized Medicine Research Project (PMRP), a large popula
Canary in a Coal Mine (MWV16)
Coral reefs are dying a death of a thousand cuts and their disappearance threatens not only the incredibly diverse ecosystem that depends on them, but also human health and welfare. In this episode of MicrobeWorld Video marine scientists Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, Ph.D., chair of marine studies at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia, and Kiho Kim, Ph.D., director of the environmental studies program at American University, explain the important relationship between microbes and corals,
Prostate Cancer Screening Decision Making Under Controversy: Implications for Health Promotion Pract
Prostate cancer is a major health problem for U.S. men and is characterized by paradoxes and controversies. Despite the wide availability of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, prostate cancer screening remains a controversial practice mainly because the direct impact of screening on mortality is not yet proven. As the relative value of screening, early detection, and treatment strategies continue to be debated, glaring racial-ethnic disparities persist with African American men experienci
Parental Literacy and Infant Health: An Evidence-Based Healthy Start Intervention
Syracuse Healthy Start, a federally funded infant mortality prevention project in Onondaga County, New York, has undertaken a range of interventions to address parental low literacy as a risk factor for infant mortality. A growing number of studies advocate for health-related information that is easy to read, of a low literacy level, and culturally appropriate. Creation of an evidence-based public health intervention involves analyzing local data, reviewing published studies, assessing available
The Papers of Jefferson Davis Project
The Papers of Jefferson Davis, a documentary editing project based at Rice University in Houston, Texas, is publishing a multi-volume edition of his letters and speeches, several of which can be found on this web site. The site also provides extensive information on Davis and his family and numerous images.
Culturally appropriate health education for type 2 diabetes mellitus in ethnic minority groups
Background Ethnic minority groups in upper-middle and high income countries tend to be socio-economically disadvantaged and to have higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes than the majority population. Objectives To assess the effectiveness of culturally appropriate diabetes health education on important outcome measures in type 2 diabetes. Search strategy We searched the The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, ERIC, SIGLE and reference lists of articles. We also contacted auth
Guidelines for Teaching Middle and High School Students to Read and Write Well
Most classroom teachers work hard planning lessons, choosing materials, teaching classes, working with individual students, and assessing student progress. Yet some schools and teachers seem to be more successful than others. What makes the difference? This booklet is designed for middle and high school teachers and administrators who wish to improve their English programs. Guidelines for Teaching Middle and High School Students to Read and Write Well draw upon a series of research reports and c
Poverty and Elimination of Urban Health Disparities Challenge and Opportunity
The aim of this article is to examine the intersection of race and poverty, two critical factors fueling persistent racial and ethnic health disparities among urban populations. From the morass of social determinants that shape the health of racial and ethnic communities in our urban centers, we will offer promising practices and potential solutions to eliminating racial and ethnic health disparities.
A New Tool for Epidemiology: The Usefulness of Dynamic Agent Models in Understanding Place Effects o
A major focus of recent work on the spatial patterning of health has been the study of how features of residential environments or neighborhoods may affect health. Place effects on health emerge from complex interdependent processes in which individuals interact with each other and their environment and in which both individuals and environments adapt and change over time. Traditional epidemiologic study designs and statistical regression approaches are unable to examine these dynamic processes.