Компютърните игри – новата медия в образованието
Компютърните игри са сред най-популярните забавления не само за младите, а и за хората в по-напреднала възраст. Въпросът, който ние често си задаваме е - дали те са само забавление или могат да ни научат на нещо полезно. За децата такива игри са първия им контакт с компютрите.
Affordances – a Merleau-Pontian Account
In this paper, the concept of ‘affordance’ is given an ontological and epistemological explication building on a Merleau-Pontian view of human being as always already being-in-the world in a non-thematized, pre-reflective correspondence of body and world in the concrete activity. A dynamic, agent-centred, cultural-, experience- and skill-relative, but perception-independent, ontology is proposed for affordances. It is argued that this is more in line with the original Gibsonian understanding
Distance Education Standards and Legal Issues - Computing Education Perspective
This paper aims to examine the legal issues related to the recognition of professional ICT qualifications amongst countries in EU, as well as international and European standards for education and training, certification and validation of distance training courses, etc. At the end we are proposing a course structure, certificate format, as well as the educational standards to be followed in the design process.
Knowledge based tool for modeling dynamic systems in education
Dynamic systems are often used in education: in physics, chemistry, biology, history, etc. This paper describes a programming tool for modelling dynamic systems which can assist the teaching and training process. The tool aims at supporting the creation of computer models which can be used for educational games and simulations. The tool is built using the logic programming language Prolog.
Interoperability framework for Assessment Authoring
Current paper presents a research in the area of e-learning interoperability, and more concrete in assessment area. As first there is reviewed state-of-the-art in specifications, managed by IMS consortium. Next there are discussed relations between these specifications and rationale behind assessment specifications evolution. Next is presented Assessment Interoperability Bus (AIB), as a skeleton for further facilitation of presentation in assessments interoperability. As result there are present
Harnessing Technology: Transforming Learning and Children's Services
This document is the Department for Education and Skill's first cross-sector e-learning strategy. The strategy focuses on what the technology can do for informing and advising citizens, for supporting children and learners of all ages in their encounters with the system, and for transforming the experience of learning. To make this happen, it identifieds six priorities, to provide: • An integrated online information service for all citizens • Integrated online personal support for children
Exigences épistémologiques des recherches en EIAO
De par l'objectif poursuivi, l'évaluation d'un environnement d'apprentissage EIAO ne peut être réalisée sur le seul plan informatique, elle doit poser et répondre à la question de la nature des connaissances construites par l'apprenant au cours de l'interaction avec le dispositif informatique. Cette évaluation est complexe et ne saurait se limiter à rendre compte de comportements. C'est la signification de ces comportements qui est en question, c'est-à-dire ce qu'ils témoignent des re
An Advisory QoS Service for GRID Based Learning Environments
This paper argues that the assumption of end-to-end QoS provision for use in Grid based applications is unsafe. We present an architecture which provides an adaptive QoS service for GRID applications which are prepared to adapt rather than assume the best and then suffer the worst. This is particularly relevant to Internet based GRIDs. An example application from the field of collaborative learning environments is given, featuring adaptive QoS for Real Time Protocol (RTP) based audio and visual
Futurelab: The potential of open source approaches for education
Free, Libre, Open Source Software (FLOSS) refers to any software distributed under a licence that allows users to change or share the software source code. Futurelab's interest in this area stems from the belief that FLOSS provides an example of peer-production which is driven by collaborative, social modes of interaction and knowledge exchange. This paper discusses some of the potential ways in which the approaches that characterise FLOSS might be applied in educational contexts.,Research repor
Futurelab: Learning with handheld technologies
This handbook offers a guide and resource for those considering exploring handheld technologies for teaching and learning purposes. Four case reports show how different schools, LAs and individuals have attempted to tap the potential of handheld technology for learning, while a wider survey of handheld learning projects gives a sense of the range of work going on, along with contact information.,Research report
Implementation of ICT in Higher Education as Interacting Activity Systems
Implementation of ICT in higher education is not a trivial process. It is however a process leading to a number of challenges and problems. The paper develops a theoretical model of the implementation of ICT in higher education based on activity theory and on a case study in a Danish university. The model suggest that implementation in itself is an activity system. The implementation activity is composed of three processes: Selection of ICT; adaptation of ICT and change of practice with ICT. Fur
Web Based Simulations for Virtual Scientific Experiment: Methodology and Tools
In this paper we want to present the tools and a methodology to realize web based simulations according to the didactic model defined for the Virtual Scientific Experiment. The strategy that we suggest intends to satisfy all the requirements for the actors involved in the learning process according to the adopted didactic model. These requirements provide that: the tools for building the simulations have to serve a teacher instead of a programmer of web based simulations; the simulation outputs
How internal and external scripts guide argumentative knowledge construction in a web-based collabor
Collaboration scripts are a powerful means to improve collaborative inquiry learning. More specifically, they can be designed to support argumentative knowledge construction, a core activity in inquiry learning. However, not only externally induced collaboration scripts but also the learners’ internal scripts on collaborative argumentative knowledge construction influence the way they argue with scientific concepts and evidence, thereby affecting what kind of knowledge is acquired during colla
The Virtual Mobius Strip: access to and use of ICTs in higher education
This report is a regional study into the access to and use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in five higher education institutions in the Western Cape, South Africa. The investigation surveyed 6577 students and 515 academic staff. The framework for understanding access is based on a “thick” concept which understands access to four kinds of resource groupings: technological, personal agency, social and content. It considers how access is differentiated for different demogr
Learning complex domains and complex tasks, the promise of simulation based training
Computer simulations enable the realization of didactical concepts such as inquiry learning, collaborative learning, and situated learning. These didactical approaches are not novel in the sense that they have just emerged, but simulation learning environments help to realize these approaches in new type of contexts. The design of such simulation learning environments is a multifaceted endeavour. First, the processes and difficulties involved in inquiry, collaboration, and knowledge application
Design patterns for recording and analysing usage of learning systems: State of art of tracking and
This document presents a state of art according to three aspects: use analysis in a wide point of view, tracking and analysing usages and what's on Design Pattern. The objective of this state of art is to synthetise actual works about tracking and analysing usages in order to isolate possibilities of patterns, that's the aim of DPULSE Jeirp. The work on the state of art has been organised as a collaborative task of the DPLUS members. A lot of papers and projects on this topic have been studied.
Vers une approche déclarative pour les logiciels de dessins géométriques
Cet article est consacré à la conception d'un environnement d'apprentissage de la géométrie orienté vers la manipulation directe de figures géométriques. À travers deux exemples d'activités, proposées en classe, on distingue les notions de construction géométriques, de spécification, et de manipulation directe. Dans le cadre ainsi défini, nous présentons notre approche. Elle consiste à intégrer des mécanismes et la méthodologie de l'intelligence artificielle dans un logic
An Evolutionary Approach to Prototyping Pedagogical Agents: From Simulation to Integrated System
We have developed and integrated software agents with two educational groupware systems (TeamWave Workplace and FLE), using evolutionary prototyping and empiricalbased design as development techniques. The resulting prototypes of pedagogical agents (CoPAS, SA-Agent and RuleEditor) provide learners and teachers with increasingly domain-specific support for distributed collaborative learning activities. Employing the evolutionary approach has enabled us to build and evaluate early prototypes of co
You Are There… First Flight
Students learn about archives and primary sources as they research original historical documents. While preparing an imaginative first-person account as if witnessing an historical event, they learn to appreciate the value of the first-person, eye-witness account and understand its limitations. Note: The literacy activities for the Mechanics unit are based on physical themes that have broad application to our experience in the world — concepts of rhythm, balance, spin, gravity, levity, inertia
GPS Scavenger Hunt
Students go on a GPS scavenger hunt. They use GPS receivers to find designated waypoints and report back on what they found. They compute distances between waypoints based on the latitude and longitude, and compare with the distance the receiver finds.