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Exploitation of data modeling for database design in secondary education learning activities: A case
Data models are representation systems for structural modelling of physical systems. Data models application results in databases that are amenable to computation enabling the modeller to interact with them for information retrieval, hypotheses testing, comparisons etc. In this paper we initially approach the didactic and learning value of data modelling for database design in terms of the features related to students’ involvement in the related learning activities. In order to clarify the prop
Author(s): Fessakis George,Dimitracopoulou Angelique

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Analysing experimental design tasks in scientific labwork
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Author(s): Wajeman Claire,Girault Isabelle,d'Ham Cedric,Ney M

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CIEL: setting the stage for integrated inquiry learning
We present an integrated framework for the design, authoring, and evaluation of innovative learning scenarios for Collaborative Inquiry and Experiential Learning (CIEL). This framework has been designed to promote interoperability in environments for productive, open-ended learning, such as inquiry learning, but also learning by design and experiential learning. The CIEL framework centers around a repository of learner generated learning objects that can be saved, and retrieved in standardized f
Author(s): Van Joolingen Wouter,de Jong Ton,Manlove Sarah

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Logiciels de construction de cartes de connaissances: Des outils pour apprendre
This article examines the possible uses of concept mapping software in a university or continuing education context. Concept mapping applications allow the student to graphically represent compiled information as a network of nodes and vectors. The article looks at several applications that may be used to make different kinds of maps, but mainly reviews teaching strategies that incorporate these tools as well as providing a number of planning pointers. It also summarizes the main advantages and
Author(s): Pudelko Béatrice,Basque Josianne

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Une expérience de construction de cartes conceptuelles dans un contexte de téléapprentissage univ
Nous décrivons une expérimentation de construction de cartes conceptuelles par des étudiants adultes dans un cours universitaire en sciences cognitives diffusé en ligne dans un contexte de formation à distance. Chaque étudiant est invité à élaborer une carte conceptuelle après lecture de textes. Les cartes conceptuelles sont réalisées à l'aide du logiciel MOT, permettant une représentation graphique des connaissances selon une technique de modélisation par objets typés. Les étud
Author(s): Basque Josianne,Pudelko Béatrice,Legros Denis

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Vers un modèle générique d’assistance aux acteurs du téléapprentissage
Nous présentons un modèle générique d'assistance aux acteurs du téléapprentissage. Le modèle permet de décrire des systèmes d’assistance pour tout système informatisé distribué ou non, quel que soit le domaine de connaissances et quel que soit l’acteur du téléapprentissage (apprenant, concepteur, formateur-tuteur, etc.) qui utilise l’assistance. Le système d'assistance peut aider ces usagers en leur offrant des conseils et en adaptant l'interface en fonction de leurs caractéri
Author(s): Dufresne Aude,Basque Josianne,Paquette Gilbert,Leo

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TELOS, a Service-Oriented Framework to Support Learning and Knowledge Management
This chapter presents the basic orientations, the main use cases and the conceptual framework of a TeleLearning Operating System. TELOS is a system under development within the LORNET research network (www.lornet.org) aiming to integrate components and services, and research results, produced by the different LORNET teams. TELOS research is at the convergence of three main trends: learning object repositories that facilitate the access to knowledge resources; learning and knowledge management su
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,Rosca Ioan,Mihaila Stefan,Masmoud

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La construction de protocole de travaux pratiques de chimie à l’aide d’un logiciel: quels apport
L’article présente une étude effectuée avec des élèves de terminale S, à partir de l’utilisation du logiciel Educ@ffix.net qui a pour objet l’acquisition de connaissances procédurales et déclaratives par la réalisation d’un protocole expérimental en chimie. La situation-problème proposée consiste à déterminer la concentration du colo- rant E124 dans un sirop de grenadine. Dans un premier temps, la situation pédagogique modélisée dans l’environnement informatique est décri
Author(s): Marzin Patricia,Ergun Mustafa,Girault Isabelle,d'H

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Ontology-aware systems in AI-ED research
This paper discusses long-term perspectives of AI-ED research aiming at giving a clear view of what we need for further promotion of the research from AI and ED point of view. An analysis of the current status of AI-ED research is done in the light of intelligence, conceptualization, standardization and theory-awareness. Then, ontology-based architecture with appropriate ontologies is proposed. Ontological engineering of IS/ID is next discussed followed by a road map towards an ontology-aware
Author(s): Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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Ontology Development at the Conceptual Level for Theory-Aware ITS Authoring Systems
This paper presents ontology engineering at the conceptual level, based on case analysis where an author (a human or software agent), assisted by an ITS authoring system, needs to select an instructional strategy (method) in order to develop a learning scenario or environment. A detailed description of the development process at the conceptual level is provided, followed by the presentation of its results. Outstanding issues raised therein will be shared for further reflection.
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacque

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Participating Virtually to a Scientific Conference: A Collaborative E-Learning Scenario for Authenti
This paper presents a collaborative e-learning scenario inspired by socio-constructivist and situated learning theories which encourage authentic learning. Developed for a graduate distance education course, this scenario requires students to participate virtually in an asynchronous scientific conference. This paper presents the learning scenario, the technological environment developed to implement this scenario, as well as the results of a preliminary investigation which examines students’ p
Author(s): Basque Josianne,Dao Kim,Contamines Julien

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Making Learning Design Standards Work with an Ontology of Educational Theories
In this paper, we present an ontology of educational theories their relation to learning design. This ontology takes into account learning design (LD) specifications such as OUNL-EML and IMS-LD at the conceptual level (1), semantic web standards such as OWL at the formal level (2), as well as JAVA standards at the implementation level (3). This ontology is intended to provide a knowledge base for any IMS-LD compliant authoring systems/LKMS, in order to provide services to authors of LD scenarios
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Bourdeau Jacqueline,Nkambou Roger,

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How to use an Instructional Engineering Method and a Modelling Tool
This chapter discusses how to build IMS learning designs focusing on three aspects, instructional engineering, modeling tools and graphical design techniques. First, we propose that instructional de-signers use a systemic and systematic instructional engineering method to build Units of Learning conforming to the IMS-LD speci-fication. MISA, a mature instructional engineering method will serve as the basis to our design approach. Second, we present a graphical modeling tool, MOT+, and a represe
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,de la Teja Ileana,Leonard Michel,

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First version of the eLogbook tool supporting exchange of artifacts at both the community and the te
eLogbook is a collaborative Web-based environment deployed by the Swiss federal Institute of Technology in the framework of PALETTE European project and aimed at sustaining communication for communities of practice.,PALETTE deliverable - report number D.MED.03 - 18 pages
Author(s): Rekik Yassin,Salzmann Christophe,Man Yu Chui,El He

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Herzberg : une simulation multimédia à interactivité variable
Herzberg est un environnement de simulation multimédia permettant de visualiser et d’explorer la vibration et la rotation des molécules. Il permet de créer des documents formés d’un ensemble de pages affichant une ou deux molécules dans des configurations prédéfinies; un texte et une voix d’explication peuvent être associés à chaque page. Il est possible de fixer pour chaque document le niveau d’interactivité. On peut également, sans effectuer de programmation, ajouter de nouvell
Author(s): Couture Marc

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Credibility of a simulation-based virtual laboratory: An exploratory study of learner judgments of v
Several studies have examined realism and instructional effectiveness of physical simulations. However, very few have touched on the question of their credibility or verisimilitude, from the user’s point of view. This article presents an empirical exploratory study which investigated the perceptions of potential users of a simulation-based virtual physics laboratory (the VPLab). In the VPLab, students conduct virtual physics experiments designed to promote both acquisition of general experiment
Author(s): Francis Alexandre,Couture Marc

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Realism in the design process and credibility of a simulation-based virtual laboratory
The credibility of an instructional simulation is a most important issue in distance education, where it may replace hands-on activities. This credibility is based in large part upon verisimilitude, a perception strongly influenced by the simulation’s realism. This paper presents a case study encompassing the design process of a simulation-based virtual laboratory, which was guided by a realism principle, and an investigation of its credibility among potential users. We found that many characte
Author(s): Couture Marc

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Inside Theory-Aware and Standards-Compliant Authoring System
In their paper [14], Bourdeau and Mizoguchi foresaw a framework for ontology-based intelligent systems. Although it took longer years than their expectation, the ontology they have been developing is now released for evaluation with the help of the second author. Ontology building is a labor-intensive process and it is rarely perfect. Our enterprise is not an exception. The current ontology is still very preliminary because it has been completely reconstructed from the existing one with a few ne
Author(s): Mizoguchi Riichiro,Hayashi Yusuke,Bourdeau Jacquel

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OMAGE : Outils et Méthode pour la spécification des connaissances au sein d'un Atelier de Génie E
Les nouvelles technologies de l'information sont entrées au cœur de notre société et provoquent de profonds changements dans notre vie quotidienne, notamment dans le monde du travail. Or le métier d'enseignant n'a pas vraiment évolué, même si les méthodes éducatives changent, car toute tentative d'introduction de l'informatique se heurte à la méfiance des enseignants qui ont peur de perdre leur liberté de choix éducatifs. De plus, les avancées technologiques n'ont d'intérêt que
Author(s): Marquesuzaà Christophe

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A multi-agent and emergent approach to student modelling
User modelling has been a central issue in the development of user-adaptive systems, which behaviour is usually based on the user's preferences, goals, interests and knowledge. This is particularly the case when the user is a student and the system is a computer-based learning environment. The aim of this paper is to present a mechanism for diagnosing and modelling learner's conceptions based on a theoretical model of conceptions. Our approach takes the diagnosis of learner's conceptions as the
Author(s): Webber Carine,Pesty Sylvie,Balacheff Nicolas

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