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Inside Theory-Aware and Standards-Compliant Authoring System
In their paper [14], Bourdeau and Mizoguchi foresaw a framework for ontology-based intelligent systems. Although it took longer years than their expectation, the ontology they have been developing is now released for evaluation with the help of the second author. Ontology building is a labor-intensive process and it is rarely perfect. Our enterprise is not an exception. The current ontology is still very preliminary because it has been completely reconstructed from the existing one with a few ne
Author(s): Mizoguchi Riichiro,Hayashi Yusuke,Bourdeau Jacquel

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OMAGE : Outils et Méthode pour la spécification des connaissances au sein d'un Atelier de Génie E
Les nouvelles technologies de l'information sont entrées au cœur de notre société et provoquent de profonds changements dans notre vie quotidienne, notamment dans le monde du travail. Or le métier d'enseignant n'a pas vraiment évolué, même si les méthodes éducatives changent, car toute tentative d'introduction de l'informatique se heurte à la méfiance des enseignants qui ont peur de perdre leur liberté de choix éducatifs. De plus, les avancées technologiques n'ont d'intérêt que
Author(s): Marquesuzaà Christophe

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A multi-agent and emergent approach to student modelling
User modelling has been a central issue in the development of user-adaptive systems, which behaviour is usually based on the user's preferences, goals, interests and knowledge. This is particularly the case when the user is a student and the system is a computer-based learning environment. The aim of this paper is to present a mechanism for diagnosing and modelling learner's conceptions based on a theoretical model of conceptions. Our approach takes the diagnosis of learner's conceptions as the
Author(s): Webber Carine,Pesty Sylvie,Balacheff Nicolas

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Emergence de Diagnostic par Formation de Coalitions - Application au diagnostic des conceptions d'un
Cet article présente une approche d'une tâche de diagnostic basée sur la formation de coalitions. Nous considérons le diagnostic comme étant le résultat émergent de l'activité interactive d'agents d'un niveau micro, résultat qui est interprété par des agents spécialisés d'un niveau supérieur (niveau macro). Au niveau micro, les agents interagissent et, suite à un processus de vote, forment des coalitions; au niveau macro, les agents spécialisés sont capables d'interpréter les c
Author(s): Webber Carine,Pesty Sylvie

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Modélisation et perception de l'activité dans l'environnement Symba
Nous présentons dans cet article les travaux de recherche liés à la conception de Symba, un environnement support d'activités collectives en contexte d'apprentissage (ACCA) dont l'objectif est de faire travailler les étudiants sur l'organisation de leur activité. A travers la conception de Symba nous abordons les problématiques du support à la modélisation de l'activité collective par les apprenants, de la perception de l'activité et de la malléabilité de l'environnement.,Proceeding
Author(s): Betbeder Marie-Laure,Tchounikine Pierre

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CEPIAH, a method for Evaluation and Design of Pedagogical Hypermedia
We are working on a method, called CEPIAH. We propose a web based system used to help teachers to design multimedia documents and to evaluate their prototypes. Our tool integrates two modules such as EMPI (Evaluation of Multimedia Pedagogical and Interactive software), and SP/UL/FC, a method for designing pedagogical hypermedia. The EMPI module is used to evaluate multimedia software used in educational context. We structured a knowledge base composed of a list of evaluation criteria, grouped th
Author(s): Trigano Philippe,Pacurar Giacomini Ecaterina

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Modeling processes of volitional action control in multiple-task performance: How to explain effects
In this paper, we present a cognitive-modeling analysis of processes of volitional action control in multiple-task performance. A central topic of volitional action control is the issue of adaptive goal maintenance and goal switching in multiple-task performance. We analyzed this issue within two rather different theoretical contexts, namely, within the context of elementary executive control processes in the domain of simple choice reaction time tasks, and within the context of the volitional f
Author(s): Gerjets Peter,Scheiter Katharina,Schorr Tina

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Les graphes argumentatifs interactifs sur Internet : sont-ils plus efficaces comme média du débat
Nous présentons les résultats d'une expérience menée dans le cadre du projet européen SCALE. Le but de cette recherche était d'étudier l'influence du type d'utilisation du graphe argumentatif durant des débats pédagogiques sur Internet. Précisément, il s'agissait de savoir sur le graphe argumentatif était plus efficace lorsqu'il était utilisé comme médium du débat (C1) ou comme moyen de le représenter (C2). Dans cet objectif, nous avons évalué à l'aide d'une méthode original
Author(s): Molinari Gaëlle,Baker Michael J.,Sejourne Arnauld

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Une analyse automatique de cartes conceptuelles pour modéliser l'apprenant
Les hypermédias adaptatifs dédiés à l'enseignement souffrent généralement d'une modélisation soit trop rigide, les destinant à l'apprentissage d'un champ disciplinaire déterminé a priori, soit trop grossier, ne permettant pas la construction d'un modèle suffisamment riche pour adapter finement le document produit. Notre objectif est d'aller à l'encontre de ces problèmes, en proposant une modélisation de l'apprenant plus riche car non basée sur une modélisation par recouvrement. L
Author(s): Delorme Fabien,Delestre Nicolas,Pécuchet Jean-Pie

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Quality in the New Learning Space: Ongoing Process of Teacher and Staff Training
Quality in the new learning space: ongoing process of teacher and staff training,Proceedings with reading panel
Author(s): Auzende Odette,Dumont Bernard,Joab Michelle,Rózew

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Didactique computationnelle,évocation d'un projet de recherche
Le domaine de recherche que constitue la modélisation informatique des processus didactiques est une extension naturelle des travaux engagés pour la construction d'une théorie des situations didactiques. Le passage à une modélisation formelle serait significatif de la maturité de la théorie, de sa capacité à expliciter les phénomènes qui l'occupent en vue d'un calcul assez explicite et rigoureux pour avancer dans l'évaluation de son caractère prédictif. L'enjeu théorique de la mod
Author(s): Balacheff Nicolas

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Fostering collaborative knowledge construction with visualization tools
This study investigates to what extent collaborative knowledge construction can be fostered by providing students with visualization tools as structural support. Thirty-two students of Educational Psychology took part in the study. The students were subdivided into dyads and asked to solve a case problem of their learning domain under one of two conditions: 1) with content-specific visualization 2) with content-unspecific visualization. Results show that by being provided with a content-specific
Author(s): Fischer Frank,Bruhn Johannes,Gräsel Cornelia,Mand

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Knowledge Convergence in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning: The Role of External Representat
This study investigates how two types of graphical representation tools influence the way in which learners use knowledge resources in two different collaboration conditions. In addition, the study explores the extent to which learners share knowledge with respect to individual outcomes under these different conditions. The study also analyzes the relationship between the use of knowledge resources and different types of knowledge. The type of external representation (content-specific vs. conten
Author(s): Fischer Frank,Mandl Heinz

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Epistemic and Social Scripts in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning
Collaborative learning in computer-supported learning environments typically means that learners work on tasks together, discussing their individual perspectives via text-based media or videoconferencing, and consequently acquire knowledge. Collaborative learning, however, is often sub-optimal with respect to how learners work on the concepts that are supposed to be learned and how learners interact with each other. One possibility to improve collaborative learning environments is to conceptuali
Author(s): Weinberger Armin,Ertl Bernhard,Fischer Frank,Mandl

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Knowledge convergence in collaborative learning: Concepts and assessment
In collaborative learning the question has been raised as to how learners in small groups influence one another and converge or diverge with respect to knowledge. This article conceptualizes knowledge convergence and further provides measures for its assessment prior to, during, and subsequent to collaborative learning. In an exemplary study in the field of computer-supported collaborative learning with forty-eight (48) locally distant participants in 16 groups of three, we apply these measures
Author(s): Weinberger Armin,Stegmann Karsten,Fischer Frank

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Collaboration Scripts – A Conceptual Analysis
This article presents a conceptual analysis of collaboration scripts used in face-to-face and computer-mediated collaborative learning. Collaboration scripts are scaffolds that aim to improve collaboration through structuring the interactive processes between two or more learning partners. Collaboration scripts consist of at least five components: (a) learning objectives, (b) type of activities, (c) sequencing, (d) role distribution, and (e) type of representation. These components serve as a ba
Author(s): Kollar Ingo,Fischer Frank,Hesse Friedrich

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Internal and external collaboration scripts in web-based science learning at schools
Collaboration scripts can help learners to engage in argumentation and knowledge acquisition. However, they might have differential effects for learners holding differently structured knowledge (internal scripts) on argumentation. We investigated how external scripts interact with learners’ internal scripts concerning collaborative argumentation. 98 students from two secondary schools participated. Two versions of an external collaboration script (high vs. low structured) supporting argumentati
Author(s): Kollar Ingo,Fischer Frank,Slotta James

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Narratives and their significance for children’s communication about their world
In this article I will give a description and a definition of narrative through historical review. This forms a background to my other purpose, to describe and discuss the importance of using storytelling as a tool for meaning making for the individual. In this text I will also raise the significance of stories as a tool for society to mediate culturally important messages to the individual and thereby shed light upon the dialectics between the individual and the collective.,part of Kaleidoscope
Author(s): Klerfelt Anna

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Transformative Communication in Project Science Learning Discourse
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Author(s): Polman Joseph L.,Pea Roy D.

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Learning Theories and Education: Toward a Decade of Synergy
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Author(s): Bransford John,Vye Nancy,Stevens Reed,Kuhl Pat,Sch

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